Camisea Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Camisea Gas Pipeline, known locally as Gasoducto Camisea, is an operating natural gas pipeline in Peru.
Transporting natural gas from Block 88 of the Camisea gas fields in Peru's Amazon basin, the Camisea pipeline originates at the Malvinas separation plant in Sabeti (Cuzco department), continues west across the Andes to Peru's Pacific coast, and follows the coast north to Lurín (Lima department). From Lurín, distribution pipelines transport natural gas on to the urban centers of Lima and Callao. The pipeline passes through the departments of Cusco, Ayacucho, Ica and Lima.
- Operator: Pluspetrol
- Parent Company: Grupo de Energia de Bogota 23.6%, Enagás 22.45%, Sonatrach 21.2%, SK Corporation 11.2%, GDF Suez 8%, Canada Pension Plan Investment Board 10.4%, and Graña y Montero 2.98%
- Current capacity: 5 billion cubic meters per year
- Proposed capacity:
- Length: 444 miles / 714 km
- Diameter: 18 inches (coastal section), 24 inches (trans-Andes section), 32 inches (Amazon basin)
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 2004
The Camisea Gas Pipeline system is operated by Transportadora de Gas Peruano, a consortium of Tecgas, Pluspetrol, Hunt Oil Company, SK Corporation, Sonatrach and Grana y Montero. The pipeline passes directly through indigenous territory in the Amazon, connecting to wells in a reserve established for the previously isolated Nahua-Kugapakori peoples in southern Peru.
Spills & Accidents
The pipeline was commissioned in 2004. As of March 2006 there had been five spills along the pipeline, including one on 24 November 2004 that spilled 6000 barrels of natural gas liquids and provoked protests from the local Machiguenga and Yine indigenous communities, and another on 4 March 2006 that resulted in three injuries. An independent audit by E-Tech in 2006 attributed these accidents to poor planning and construction, including: "improperly certified welders; fast promotions from welder’s helper to welder; improperly welded pipe ends; risky pipe jointing used to adapt to difficult terrain rather than searches for more stable routes. The audit also found that 30 to 40 percent of the pipe materials were left over from other South American projects and of substandard quality.
Spills from the pipeline have continued, with the most recent being a February 2018 spill that sickened at least two dozen people in La Convención province in Peru's Cuzco region.
Critics of the pipeline and the Camisea Gas Project have cited its negative impact on human health, the environment, and the lives of indigenous people in the area. Camisea is “a tale of political scandal, technical flaws, and environmental degradation,” said Maria Ramos of Amazon Watch in 2006. The Overseas Private Investment Corporation and Export-Import Bank of the U.S. initially rejected Camisea financing for environmental reasons, and financial services company Citigroup withdrew under pressure from activists. The project then obtained financing from the Inter-American Bank.
The United Nations has called for the ‘immediate suspension’ of any plans to expand the Camisea Gas project, due to the high likelihood that by further intrusion into the Nahua-Nanti Reserve, several uncontacted and isolated tribes who live in the territory could be placed at risk of disease and death, as well as extreme scarcity brought on by disruption to game animals. The territory also serves as a buffer zone for Manu National Park, considered by UNESCO to be "the most biodiverse place on earth."
Impact on indigenous people
In 2006 the Peruvian government’s Office of the People’s Defender criticized Camisea for violating indigenous rights, attributing a rise in cases of diarrhea, syphilis, and other illnesses to instances of prohibited contact between workers and native people.
State of emergency declaration
In December 2019 Peru's government, at the behest of military officials, placed the Camisea pipeline under a state of emergency due to the perceived threat of guerrilla attacks on the section of pipeline that passes through the VRAEM (Valle de los Ríos Apurímac, Ene y Mantaro), a major drug-trafficking area. The emergency declaration was subsequently extended multiple times in two-month increments, with the latest declaration remaining in effect through December 2020.
Articles and resources
- Camisea Gas Project, Wikipedia, accessed February 2018
- "Proyecto Camisea: Proceso de Supervisión y Fiscalización del Medio Ambiente y Social" (PDF). Osinerg. May 2003.
- 10 years of Camisea: The natural gas revolution in Peru, TO&GY, Feb. 24, 2015
- "Peru to complete Camisea pipeline expansion ahead of schedule". Pipelines International. January 4, 2010.
- PERU: CAMISEA PIPELINE ENDANGERING INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, ENVIRONMENT, Cultural Survival, accessed February 2018
- "El gasoducto de Camisea está en emergencia desde el 15 de octubre". La República. December 9, 2005.
- Piden auditoría internacional para gasoducto de Camisea, El Comercio March 3, 2006
- EVALUACIÓN DE FALLAS EN TUBERÍAS DEL PROYECTO CAMISEA Y SOLUCIONES A LARGO PLAZO, E-Tech International, Feb. 27, 2006
- "27 personas afectadas por derrame de gas líquido en la selva peruana". Mongabay. February 6, 2018.
- Critics say Peru pipeline is an accident waiting to happen, Grist, Apr. 27, 2006
- "'Worldwide protests to stop Amazon gas project expansion'". Survival International. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "Peru extends state of emergency for gas pipe..." BNamericas. February 24, 2020.
- "Gasoducto Camisea permanecerá bajo estado de..." BNamericas. June 18, 2020.
- "Perú extiende estado de emergencia para gasoducto Camisea". BNamericas. October 15, 2020.
Related SourceWatch articles
Wikipedia also has an article on Camisea Gas Pipeline (Camisea Gas Project. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].