Campbell Generating Plant

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Campbell Generating Plant is an operating power station of at least 1540-megawatts (MW) in West Olive, Ottawa, Michigan, United States. It is also known as JH Campbell power station.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Campbell Generating Plant West Olive, Ottawa, Michigan, United States 42.910296, -86.20074 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3: 42.910296, -86.20074

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - subbituminous 265 subcritical 1962 2025 (planned)
Unit 2 operating coal - bituminous 404 supercritical 1967 2025 (planned)
Unit 3 operating coal - bituminous 871 subcritical 1980 2025 (planned)

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Consumers Energy Co [100.0%]
Unit 2 Consumers Energy Co [100.0%]
Unit 3 Consumers Energy Co [93.31%], other unknown/mixed entity types [6.69%]

Unit Retirements

CMS Energy planned to retire two of the power station's coal-fired units by 2031, and the final third coal unit by 2040. The decision was part of the utility's pledge to eliminate the use of coal to generate electricity by 2040.[1]

In June 2021, Consumers Energy announced plans to speed up the retirement of all 3 units of the Campbell Generating Plant closure to 2025, pending approval by the Michigan Public Service Commission (MPSC). Units 1 and 2 would close 6 years earlier and unit 3 would close 15 years earliers then previously planned.[2]

In June 2022, Consumer Energy's Integrated Resource Plan was approved by the MPSC.[3]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 9,017,689 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions: 36,790 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions: 15,359 tons
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions: 402 lb.

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Campbell Generating Plant

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[4] Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[5]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Campbell Generating Plant

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 140 $1,000,000,000
Heart attacks 230 $25,000,000
Asthma attacks 2,300 $120,000
Hospital admissions 100 $2,400,000
Chronic bronchitis 86 $38,000,000
Asthma ER visits 140 $51,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011

Articles and Resources


Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.