Campbell Generating Plant

From Global Energy Monitor

J.H. Campbell Generating Plant is a 1,560.8-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station operated by Consumers Energy near West Olive, Michigan.


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Plant Data

Unit Retirements

CMS Energy planned to retire two of the power station's coal-fired units by 2031, and the final third coal unit by 2040. The decision was part of the utility's pledge to eliminate the use of coal to generate electricity by 2040.[6]

In 2021, Consumers Energy announced to speed up the retirement of all 3 units of the Campbell Generating Plant closure to 2025. Units 1 and 2 will close 6 years earlier and unit 3 will close 15 years earliers then previously planned.[5]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 9,017,689 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions: 36,790 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions: 15,359 tons
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions: 402 lb.

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Campbell Generating Plant

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[7] Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[8]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Campbell Generating Plant

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 140 $1,000,000,000
Heart attacks 230 $25,000,000
Asthma attacks 2,300 $120,000
Hospital admissions 100 $2,400,000
Chronic bronchitis 86 $38,000,000
Asthma ER visits 140 $51,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011

Articles and Resources


  1. "2020 Annual Report" , accessed October 25, 2020
  2. "James H. Campbell Unit No. 3" accessed October 25, 2020
  3. "Wolverine also owns shares of base load coal from 3 coal fired power plants" , accessed October 25, 2020
  4. "EIA 923 July 2020" EIA 923 July 2020.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "CMS utility Consumers Energy accelerating Campbell coal-fired, Karn dual-fuel closures", June 24, 2021
  6. "Last coal plant on the Saginaw Bay goes offline in 2023," M Live, June 13, 2018
  7. "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
  8. "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010


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