Ceyhan-Kırıkkale Oil Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Ceyhan Kırıkkale Oil Pipeline, also known as Yumurtalık Ceyhan Kırıkkale Oil Pipeline, is a crude oil pipeline between Ceyhan and Kırıkkale in Turkey.
The Ceyhan Kırıkkale Oil Pipeline is an oil pipeline between Ceyhan and Kırıkkale in Turkey.
- Operator: Botaş
- Current capacity: 96,986 bpd
- Length: 457 km / 284 mi
- Diameter: 24 inches
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1986
Construction of the Ceyhan Kırıkkale Oil Pipeline began in May 1983 and was completed in February 1986. The pipeline was commissioned in 1986 to make the 1986 built Kırıkkale Refinery operational. The pipeline transports crude oil from Botaş Ceyhan Oil Terminal to Tüpraş Kırıkkale Oil Refinery for refining. Botaş Ceyhan Oil Terminal is located in Ceyhan, Adana Province in southern Turkey on the northern coast of Gulf of Alexandretta at northeastern Mediterranean Sea. Tüpraş Kırıkkale Oil Refinery is located in Kırıkkale Province, central Anatolia.
The Botaş Ceyhan Oil terminal is the end point, from there is goes on to carry crude oil from Iraq to Turkey. The Ceyhan Terminal has twelve oil storage tanks with each 135,000 m3 (4,800,000 cu ft) capacity. At the arrival point of the pipeline, the refinery has one storage tank of 1,500 m3 (53,000 cu ft) capacity. The pipeline's discharge capacity is 1,000–1,140 m3/h (35,000–40,000 cu ft/h) or annually 6,000,000–7,000,000 m3 (210,000,000–250,000,000 cu ft) for crude oil of 23–47 API gravity, equivalent to 7.2 million tonnes per year. In 2016, a total of 4.9 million tonnes (35.4 million barrels) were transported.
From time to time, the pipeline becomes subject to oil theft. In 2006, thieves were caught in Çakaldere, Ceyhan village, Adana after they tapped oil from the pipeline into a tank truck. Thieves were caught in the act the same year after having loaded 30 t (30 long tons; 33 short tons) oil to a tank truck from the pipeline in Yüreğir district of Adana. In Yılankale, Ceyhan village, thieves started fires at the pipeline in 2007 as they tried to bore a hole in the pipeline, causing an oil spill. In Kılıçlı, Yüreğir village, thieves were arrested in 2009 while they loaded a 20-t tank truck by a hose from a hole in the pipeline. In 2013, an illegal built pipeline in a length of 1,800 m (5,900 ft) was discovered between Adana and Aksaray. It was jointed to the main pipeline 4 m (13 ft) under surface. In 2017, fire broke out again at the pipeline in Sarıçam, Yüreğir of Adana as the thieves tried to install a valve on the pipeline by welder.
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