Cheongcheon-Gang power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Cheongcheon-Gang power station (청천강화력발전소는) is a 200-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in North Pyongan Province, North Korea.

Location

The maps below show two reported locations for the power station in North Pyongan Province, North Korea.

Wikimapia described the power station as follows: "This is a factory submerged beneath a hill with support and logistic facilities located on the perimeter" (39.67374, 125.71586). The power station is reportedly related to the Chonghwaryok rail line nearby.[1][2]

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However, a 2015 report provided satellite imagery of the presumed power station at "39°39'23"북 125°40'05"동" (39.65655, 125.66883), which is approximately 4 kilometers SW of the location above.[3] The location matches the one identified in the Ministry of Unification's portal, and is assumed to be the correct location for the purposes of the Global Coal Plant Tracker.[4]

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Background

The 200 MW Cheongcheon-Gang power station is located on the northern bank of the Cheongcheon River, about 18 km southwest of Bakcheon-eup and about 5 km northeast of Anju. With the aid of China, construction started in May 1971 and was completed in December 1977. There are 2 industrial water facilities for cooling using the Cheongcheon River and 6 boiler rooms. This power plant was built to supply electric power to industrial districts such as coal mines in Gaecheon District and chemical factories and paper factories in Namheung District.[5]

A 2015 report by the Korea Development Bank (KDB산업은행) provided additional background on the 200 MW power station (Google Translate):[3]

  • It started operating "Generator No. 1 in December 1976" and "Generator No. 2-4 between March and December 1977";
  • In May 1996, "4 boilers were repaired and 2 generators were remodeled";
  • The generated electricity is "mainly supplied to chemical and paper mills such as Namheung Youth Chemical Cooperative Company in Anju."
  • In 2002, it was said that "a great result was achieved in technological innovation for the blade remodeling of the pulverized coal feeder of Boiler Workplace No. 2, 3, and 5 boilers";
  • The power station may also be oil-fired ("heavy oil flowmeters were introduced in automated workplaces, and technological innovation proposals such as frequency stabilizers and heavy oil burner remodeling were introduced into production").


The aging power station has contributed to electricity shortages.[6]

Capacity reporting

According to S&P Global data, the power station's capacity may be 300 MW (6x50 MW).[7] However, an undated Korea Electricity Industry Promotion Association (KOEMA) power system spreadsheet confirmed the capacity was 200 MW (4 units) based on various sources including personal testimonies. It acknowledged that some Japanese materials reference 400 MW at the site.[8] In addition, a 2016 report by the North Korea Development Institute also listed the capacity as 200 MW (4 units).[9]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Cheongcheon-Gang Power Plant
  • Parent company: DPRK Ministry of Electric Power
  • Location: North Pyongan Province, North Korea
  • Coordinates: 39.65655, 125.66883 (exact) [potential alternate location: 39.67374, 125.71586]
  • Coal type: Lignite
  • Coal source:
  • Gross generating capacity (operating): likely 200 MW
    • Unit 1: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1976)
    • Unit 2: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1977)
    • Unit 3: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1977)
    • Unit 4: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1977)

Articles and Resources

“청천강화력발전소,” Ministry of Unification, North Korea Information Portal (nkinfo.unikorea.go.kr)

References

  1. "Ch'ŏngch'ŏn River Thermal Power Plant (Anju)," Wikimapia
  2. "Chonghwaryok Line," Wikipedia, accessed November 2021
  3. 3.0 3.1 “The North Korea’s Industry” (북한의산업.pdf), KDB산업은행, December 2015, available for download at North Korea Information Portal (nkinfo.unikorea.go.kr), Ministry of Unification
  4. “청천강화력발전소,” Ministry of Unification, North Korea Information Portal (nkinfo.unikorea.go.kr)
  5. "청천강화력발전소(淸川江火力發電所)," encykorea.aks.ac.kr, accessed November 2021
  6. "“평성 지역도 하루 3시간 미만”…만성적 전력난 여전," Daily NK, May 2, 2019
  7. S&P Global, Platts Market Data: Electric Power, accessed in 2021
  8. "화력발전소(중형급) 위치 및 정보," 남북 전력발전, accessed November 2021
  9. “최신 북한 전력산업 동향 및 향후 협력전망,” 북한발전연구원, 2016