Chirimiri coal mines
The Chirimiri coal mines are a network of mines on the Chirimiri coalfield located in village Chirimiri, Tehsil Khadgaon, District Korea, State Chhattisgarh, India.
The map below shows the location of the Chirimiri mines, in village Chirimiri, Tehsil Khadgaon, District Korea, State Chhattisgarh, India
Background on Mine
The Chirimiri coal mines are a 2 million ton-per-annum (MTPA) network of mines on the Chirimiri coalfield located in village Chirimiri, Tehsil Khadgaon, District Korea, State Chhattisgarh, India. The Chirimiri colliery was opened in 1930 (production started in 1932), New Chirimiri colliery came up in 1942, Pure Chirimiri colliery in 1945, and North Chirimiri colliery in 1946. Subsequently, New Chirimiri Pondi Hills, West Chirimiri, Duman Hill and Korea collieries started operating. Coal production rose from 264,000 tonnes in 1933 to 3,162,500 tonnes in 1980. However, today not all the associated coal mines are in operation and are at different stages of operations. Some of them are pending clearances for their expansion in capacity.
Chirimiri Underground Coal Mining Project of 1.40 MTPA in mine lease area of 686.29 ha of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Limited located in village Chirimiri, Tehsil Khadgaon, District Korea (Chhattisgarh), was earlier granted environmental clearance by the MoEF&CC India, on 9 May, 2006, but it lapsed over the time and now requires fresh appraisal/approval for their present mining operations. The Public Hearing was conducted on 14th June, 2004 by the State Pollution Control Board for the project, however, the final EC has not been granted by the MoEF&CC India.
North Chirimiri Underground Coal Mining Project of 0.50 MTPA in mine lease area of 510.667 ha of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Limited located in village Chirimiri, Tehsil Khadgaon, District Korea (Chhattisgarh), was earlier granted environmental clearance by the MoEF&CC India, on 9 May, 2006 but it lapsed over the time and now requires fresh appraisal/approval for their present mining operations. Public Hearing was conducted on 14th June, 2004 by the State Pollution Control Board for the project, however, the final EC has not been granted by the MoEF&CC India.
Chirimiri open cast Mine is an on going coal mining project with a lease area of 1286.18 ha, in village Chirimiri, Bhandardei, Bhukbhuki in Tehsil Manendragarh, District Korea, Chhattisgarh State. The project was formulated in 1976 by CMPDI Nagpur, sanctioned by Govt. of India on 24 October 1978 and production in the mine started in the year 1979. The present production capacity is 1.0 MTY and it is proposed to increase the capacity to 2.0 MTY (Normative) & 2.7 MTY (Peak) to meet the demand of superior grade coal from SECL. Environmental Clearance for a production capacity of 1.0 MTY was awarded by MoEF, New Delhi vide letter No. J-11015/6/92-IA.II(M) on 31 January 1995 Form-1 for an enhanced capacity of 2.7 MTY was submitted on 11.11.2009 and considered by EAC on 25.11.2009. MoEF advised for re-submission of the project report vide their letter no. J- 11015/331/2009-IA.II(M) dated 02.12.2009. The project was modified and resubmitted. The presentation was done on 24.01.2011. The TOR was received in May 2011 and forest clearance in 2015. The current status of the project is not known.
West Chirimiri Coal Mine an opencast mine part of the Chirimiri block operated by SECL located at Latitude 23.226480, Longitude 82.359964 in Koriya district, Chhatisgarh. This is a very old mine, which used to be operated earlier by Indra Singh & Sons (Private) Limited, 7, Wellesly Place, Calcutta-1 as an underground mine and was witness to a deadly accident on 11 April 1968 claiming 14 lives. The mine was later nationalised by the government of India and operated by South Eastern Coalfields Limited
With the expansion to coal mining in the area in the last 6-7 decades, there is a threat to the existing springs. 20 springs out of 300 have died every 10 years or so. Now, the number of springs in Chirimiri has reduced to 30", says Girish Kumar, senior researcher and resident of Chirimiri. These 30 springs still cater to the drinking water needs of 70-80 percent of Chirimiri's population and are still the first choice of the people but if they die, then it will lead to acute water crises as well as destroy livelihoods.
The demand for spring water in Chirimiri has increased in the last one decade as the people prefer it over the water supplied by the Chirimiri Municipal Corporation. While the spring water is free, most residents don't want to take the pain of walking to a hilly area to bring water back. Instead, they pay people who can do this for them. Thus, the spring water provides a livelihood to more than 100 families.
- Sponsor: South Eastern Coalfields Limited
- Parent company: Coal India
- Location: village Chirimiri, Tehsil Khadgaon, District Korea, State Chhattisgarh, India
- Coordinates: 23.187, 82.354 (approximate)
- Status: Operational and Proposed expansions
- Reserves: 362 MT (320 MT measured, 11 MT indicated, 31 MT inferred)
62.41 (Proven, 2011) 
- In service:
- Coal type:
- Mining method: Surface and underground
- Source of financing:
Articles and resources
- Shri Kamal Sharma, Resource Development in Tribal India, p. 165, 1989, Northern Book Centre, 4221/1 Ansari Road, New Delhi, ISBN 81-85119-57-0
- Minutes of the 40th EAC, MoEF&CC India, 26 October 2018
- Executive summary of EIA/EMP for expansion SECL to MoEF&CC India
- Forest clearance to SECl's Gevra open cast mining expansion project, The Pioneer, 4 December 2015
- Envis Centre on Environment Problems of Mining, accessed on 24 April, 2020
- Ministry of coal in Parliament on 1 July 2019 accessed on 24 April 2020
- The Dying Springs of Chirimiri, Makrand Purohit, India Water Portal, 1 April 2016
- Coal Directory of India 2012-13, Ministry of Coal, 2014, p. 2.9.
- Coal India, "Coal Resources as Per UNFC", Central Mine Planning & Design Inst. Ltd., Accessed June 2021