Colombia Oil Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor


This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Colombia Oil Pipeline, known locally as Oleoducto de Colombia or by its Spanish initials ODC, is an oil pipeline in Colombia.[1]


The pipeline runs from Vasconia Station (in Boyacá department) to the Coveñas export station (Sucre department), passing en route through La Trampa pump station in Caucasia (Antioquia department).[2]

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Project Details

  • Owner: Ecopetrol, Emerald Energy, Perenco, Frontera Energy, Repsol[3][4]
  • Current capacity: 236,000 barrels per day[3]
  • Length: 483 kilometers / 300 miles[5]
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 1992[6]


The 483-kilometer Oleoducto de Colombia (ODC) parallels the Oleoducto Ocensa from the Magdalena valley to Coveñas.[7] Construction began in 1990, and the pipeline initiated commercial operations in July 1992.[6] Ecopetrol is the pipeline's majority owner, with a 73% stake as of March 2020[8]; minority owners include China’s Emerald Energy, France’s Perenco, Canada’s Frontera Energy and Spain’s Repsol.[3][4]

In its first decade of operation, the pipeline's capacity was stated to be 150,000 bpd.[9] As of August 2019 the pipeline's capacity was reported to be 236,000 bpd, and Oleoducto de Colombia's president Natalia De la Calle said that the company was prepared to increase pipeline capacity if necessary to accommodate new supplies from proposed future fracking operations.[3][4]

Environmental and community impact

During the pipeline's construction, major occurrences of soil erosion occurred coupled with significant loss of crops for peasants along the pipeline's path. Over 150 water sources were destroyed in the Zaragoza section of the pipeline. Families along the pipeline's route have sought compensation from ODC for these damages.[10]

Articles and resources


  1. Colombia Oil Pipeline, A Barrel Full, accessed September 2017
  2. "Recorrido del oleoducto". Oleoducto de Colombia. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Colombia pipeline ready to transport more crude if fracking approved: company". Reuters. August 21, 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Oleoducto de Colombia se declara listo para transportar más petróleo si se aprueba fracking". América Economía. August 21, 2019.
  5. "Cómo operamos". Oleoducto de Colombia. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Historia". Oleoducto de Colombia. Retrieved 2021-03-23.
  7. An Energy Overview of Colombia, Fossil Energy International, accessed October 2017
  8. "Subsidiaries of Ecopetrol S.A." United States Securities and Exchange Commission. March 31, 2020.
  9. Oil Pipeline Capacity a Big Factor in BP's Colombian Development, Oil & Gas Journal, May 10, 1993
  10. Andy Higginbottom, BP Refuses to Compensate Peasants For Pipeline Damage, Colombia Solidarity Campaign, August 13, 2001

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