Colombia Oil Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Colombia Oil Pipeline, known locally as Oleoducto de Colombia or by its Spanish initials ODC, is an oil pipeline in Colombia.[1]


The pipeline runs from Vasconia Station (in Boyacá department) to the Coveñas export station (Sucre department), passing en route through the Caucasia pump station in Caucasia (Antioquia department).[2]

Loading map...

Project Details

  • Owner: Ecopetrol, Emerald Energy, Perenco, Frontera Energy, Repsol[3]
  • Current capacity: 236,000 barrels per day[3]
  • Length: 483 kilometers / 300 miles[4]
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 1990


The 483-kilometer Oleoducto de Colombia parallels the Oleoducto Ocensa from the Magdalena valley to Coveñas.[5] Oleoducto de Colombia (ODC) was built along with Ecopetrol in 1990. Ecopetrol remains the pipeline's majority owner; minority owners include China’s Emerald Energy, France’s Perenco, Canada’s Frontera Energy and Spain’s Repsol.[3]

In its first decade of operation, the pipeline's capacity was stated to be 150,000 bpd.[6] As of August 2019 the pipeline's capacity was reported to be 236,000 bpd, and Oleoducto de Colombia's president Natalia De la Calle said that the company was prepared to increase pipeline capacity if necessary to accommodate new supplies from proposed future fracking operations.[3]

Environmental and community impact

During the pipeline's construction, major occurrences of soil erosion occurred coupled with significant loss of crops for peasants along the pipeline's path. Over 150 water sources were destroyed in the Zaragoza section of the pipeline. Families along the pipeline's route have sought compensation from ODC for these damages.[7]

Articles and resources


  1. Colombia Oil Pipeline, A Barrel Full, accessed September 2017
  2. "Recorrido del oleoducto". Oleoducto de Colombia. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Colombia pipeline, ready to transport more oil if fracking is approved, Reuters, Aug. 21, 2019
  4. "Cómo operamos". Oleoducto de Colombia. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  5. An Energy Overview of Colombia, Fossil Energy International, accessed October 2017
  6. Oil Pipeline Capacity a Big Factor in BP's Colombian Development, Oil & Gas Journal, May 10, 1993
  7. Andy Higginbottom, BP Refuses to Compensate Peasants For Pipeline Damage, Colombia Solidarity Campaign, August 13, 2001

Related SourceWatch articles

External resources

External articles