Dale power station

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Dale power station is a retired power station in Ford, Clark, Kentucky, United States.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Dale power station Ford, Clark, Kentucky, United States 37.880731, -84.261722 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 3, Unit 4: 37.880731, -84.261722

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 3 retired coal - bituminous 81 subcritical 1957 2016
Unit 4 retired coal - bituminous 81 subcritical 1960 2016

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 3 East Kentucky Power Cooperative Inc (EKPC) [100.0%]
Unit 4 East Kentucky Power Cooperative Inc (EKPC) [100.0%]


Units 1-2 were retired in 2015.[1] Unit 3 and Unit 4 were placed in inactive status on April 5, 2016, and the EKPC Board voted in May 2016 to permanently retire the units in light of existing federal environmental rules.[2]

East Kentucky Power Cooperative Settlement

On July 2, 2007 the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced that East Kentucky Power Cooperative, a coal-fired electric power plant, will spend about $650 million in pollution upgrades and another $750,000 penalty in a civil suit for violations of the New Source Review requirements of the Clean Air Act at its Spurlock power station, Cooper power station and Dale power station.

“Today’s settlement is another example of the Justice Department’s continued commitment to aggressively enforcing the Clean Air Act,” said Ronald J. Tenpas, acting assistant attorney general for the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division. “The emissions reductions from this settlement are substantial, and we are pleased that East Kentucky finally agreed to resolve this litigation on acceptable terms and bring its facilities into compliance with important provisions of the Clean Air Act.”

The EPA and DOJ in 2004 filed a lawsuit against the utility for "illegally modifying and increasing air pollution at two of its coal-fired power plants."

The settlement states that the utility will install pollution control equipment to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) by more than 60,000 tons per year.[3]

2006 Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 1,186,544 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions:
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions:
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions:

Former coal sources

In 2009, it was reported that the plant sourced coal from the following sources: [4]

  • Leeco #64 (Kentucky)
  • Big Elk Prep Plant (Kentucky)
  • Coal Diggers #1 (Kentucky)
  • Frasure Creek Mine 6 (Kentucky)
  • Ikerd Coal (Kentucky)
  • Frasure Creek Mining Prep Plant/Washer (Kentucky)
  • Excel Mining Preparation Plant (Kentucky)

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Dale power station

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[5] The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma-related episodes and asthma-related emergency room visits, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, peneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal-fired power plants. Fine particle pollution is formed from a combination of soot, acid droplets, and heavy metals formed from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, and soot. Among those particles, the most dangerous are the smallest (smaller than 2.5 microns), which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities.

The table below estimates the death and illness attributable to the Dale power station. Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[6]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Dale Power Station

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 26 $190,000
Heart attacks 39 $4,300,000
Asthma attacks 420 $22,000
Hospital admissions 19 $450,000
Chronic bronchitis 16 $7,100,000
Asthma ER visits 23 $9,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011

Coal Waste Sites

Kentucky Riverkeeper looks into the Dale Power Station's impact on water

Citizen groups

Articles and Resources


Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.