Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station

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Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station is an operating power station of at least 2400-megawatts (MW) in Nelaturu, Muttukuru, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is also known as Damodaram Sanjeevaiah, Krishnapatnam Supercritical thermal power project.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station Nelaturu, Muttukuru, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India 14.327604, 80.122105 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3: 14.327604, 80.122105

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - bituminous 800 supercritical 2014
Unit 2 operating coal - bituminous 800 supercritical 2015
Unit 3 operating coal - unknown 800 supercritical 2023

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Andhra Pradesh Power Development Co Ltd (APPDCL) [100.0%]
Unit 2 Andhra Pradesh Power Development Co Ltd (APPDCL) [100.0%]
Unit 3 Andhra Pradesh Power Development Co Ltd (APPDCL) [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): 70% domestic, 30% imported, imported
  • Permit(s): July 2, 2015 – Environmental Clearance; Terms of Reference: 2012-09-26; Environmental Impact Assessment


Source of financing: Units 1 and 2: US$332,495,382 in debt from KfW[1]


Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station is a 2400 MW coal plant under various stages of construction in the state of Andhra Pradhesh, India. It was envisioned for 1600 MW (2X 800 MW), but a terms of reference for an additional 800 MW was granted in 2012.[2]

The project will use Supercritical boilers. It is sponsored by Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation (APGENCO) and is categorized as a Mega Power Project, enabling to proceed on a fast-track basis. It is designed for a mixture of 70% domestic coal and 30% imported coal. Sea water will be used for cooling. Krishnapatnam Port (5 km) will be used for importing coal.[3]

The power station is designed for blended coal in the ratio of 70% washed domestic coal from Talcher Coalfield to 30% imported coal. Sea water is proposed for cooling purpose and potable water by desalination. Krishnapatnam port (about 5 km from site) will cater to the requirement of importing heavy machinery and both domestic & imported coal of 3.5 and 1.5 million tons per annum respectively. EPC contract for the main plant has been awarded to Tata Projects Limited during July,2008 and for BOP during February 2009. The estimated complete cost of project is about Rs 8432/- Crores. The Debt & Equity ratio is 80:20 and Project is being financed by PFC and KfW, Germany.[4]

Unit 1 went into operation in March 2014,[5] and the second unit in March 2015.[6][7][8]

Unit 3

An environmental impact assessment was submitted for Unit 3 (Stage II) in September 2014.[9] Environmental clearance was granted in July 2015. The unit would use 100% imported coal.[10]

A foundation stone was laid in February 2016.[11][12] The engineering, construction, and procurement contract was awarded to Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), which is an Indian government-owned engineering and manufacturing enterprise based in New Delhi, India.[13]

Boiler erection began in June 2017, and as of August 2018 was reported to be 39% complete.[14]

In April 2022, Energy Minister Peddireddi Ramachandra Reddy has directed officials to expedite construction, which was not expected to be complete until later in 2022.[15][16]

According to December 28, 2022 reporting, the new unit was commissioned in late 2022.[17][18]

However, March 2023 reporting noted the unit as commissioned by March 10, 2023 instead.[19]

As of April 2023, news confirmed the new 800 MW was contributing "around 16 MUs of energy every day."[20]

Financing for Units 1 and 2

KfW provided US$332,495,382 in loans for units 1 and 2.[1]

Expansion to 4000 MW Cancelled

The government halted plans for APGenco to expand its Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station at Krishnapatnam in Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh. The plant size was expected to increase in size from 1,600 MW to 4,000 MW, cleared by government officials July 17, 2008. The government instead reallocated the land to Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC) for onward transfer to Thermal Powertech Corporation. "It looks as though the state government came under sudden political pressure on behalf of Powertech because of which the expansion plans of a great performer like Genco was thrown to the winds and the land given to the private company," former Union power secretary E A S Sarma told the Times of India. Thermal Powertech had initially been allotted land in Machilipatnam in a prohibited coastal regulatory zone (CRZ) for its thermal plant. However, environmentalists were alarmed that the proposed site was a breeding ground for rare birds. In response, the government denied environmental clearance for the site. The land was reallocated to APIIC just weeks after the environmental clearance for the Thermal Powertech Corporation's Machilipatnam plant.[21]

Citizen opposition

According to reports, "Villagers of Nelaturu and Painapuram and surrounding habitations (where the plant is to be built) staged a protest in December 2011." The locals demanded "payment of suitable compensation to the land acquired for construction of the power plant, besides job security for workers, a hospital and an ITI and other resources in the village."[22]

In January 2023, the Joint Action committee against privatisation of Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Plant (SDSTPS) resolved to step up agitation. Following the protracted struggle, the Andhra Pradesh Generation Corporation and the State government had slowed down on the privatisation of operation and maintenance (O&M), committee leader Mohan Rao said the workers of the SDSTPS, however, would have to keep their stir alive to ensure that the proposal was shelved on a permanent basis.[23]

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Major Development Partners: Strategic Foci and Key Activities" (PDF). ADB. Retrieved October 27, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. Terms of Reference, MoEF, Sep 26, 2012.
  3. "Projects," APGENCO, accessed February 2012
  4. "Nelatur power plant 1st unit to be ready by 2013". The Hindu. 10 February 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  5. "800-MW unit-I of AP Genco’s Krishnapatnam plant goes on stream," The Hindu, April 1, 2014.
  6. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country" Government of India Ministry of Power, February 2015.
  7. "BHEL commissions 800 MW supercritical boiler at Krishnapatnam," BS, Apr 2, 2015
  8. "2nd unit of Genco power plant to be synchronised soon," The Hindu, Nov 19, 2014
  9. "EIA," APGENCO, September 2014
  10. "Environmental Clearance," India MoEF, July 2, 2015
  11. "First supercritical thermal plant in AP to go on stream today," Hans India, Feb 27, 2016
  12. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, October 2016
  13. BHEL commissions 520 MW thermal power unit in Andhra Pradesh, Financial Express, June 1, 2016
  14. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, August 2018
  15. "Completion of new 800-MW unit at NTTPS likely to take another four to six months," The Hindu, April 15, 2022
  16. "Expedite construction of 800-MW units at NTTPS and SDSTPS: Energy Minister," The Hindu, April 27, 2022
  17. "Contribution of power sector to GSDP remains substantial in Andhra Pradesh, says Minister," The Hindu, December 28, 2022
  18. “Broad Status Report of Under Construction Thermal Power Projects,” India Central Electricity Authority, November 2022
  19. “Broad Status Report of Under Construction Thermal Power Projects,” India Central Electricity Authority, March 2023
  20. "Special CS (energy) takes stock of issues related to Revised Pay Scales (RPS)-2022," The Hindu, April 19, 2023
  21. Jinka Nagaraju, "YSR nips expansion plans of Krishnapatnam power plant," The Times of India, February 19, 2009.
  22. "Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station, Andhra Pradesh, India" Environmental Justice Atlas, accessed April 21, 2014.
  23. "JAC to step up stir against privatisation of Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Plant," The Hindu, January 19, 2023

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.