Daniel Generating Plant

From Global Energy Monitor

Victor J. Daniel Jr. Electric Generating Plant is a 1,096.6-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station operated by Mississippi Power Company near Escatawpa, Mississippi.


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Plant Data

  • Owner: Mississippi Power Company 50%, Gulf Power 50%
  • Parent Company: Southern Company (MPC), NextEra Energy (Gulf)
  • Plant Nameplate Capacity: 1,096.6 MW (Megawatts)
  • Units and In-Service Dates: Unit 1: 548.3 MW (1977), Unit 2: 548.3 MW (1981)
  • Location: Highway 63 North, Escatawpa, MS 39552
  • GPS Coordinates: 30.533944, -88.55636
  • Technology: Subcritical
  • Coal type: Sub-bituminous / Bituminous
  • Coal Consumption:
  • Coal Source: Black Thunder Mine (Arch Coal), West Elk Mine (Arch Coal)[1]
  • Number of Employees:
  • Unit Retirements: Gulf Power will retire its unit in January 2024.[2] Mississippi Power Company will close its unit in December 2027.[3]

Unit Retirements

According to the 10-year site plan of FPL and Gulf Power (2020-2029), Gulf Power will retire its 50% ownership of units 1 and 2 by January 2024.[2]

According to the Mississippi Power Company 2021 Integrated Resource Plan, MPC and Gulf Power will trade ownership prior to 2024 so both companies will own one unit of the power plant; which unit will be owned by which company is still undecided. Gulf Power will close its unit in January 2024 and MPC will close their unit before December 2027.[3]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 9,689,381 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions: 31767 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions: 12,928 tons
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions: 229 lb.

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Daniel Generating Plant

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[4] Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[5]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Daniel Generating Plant

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 28 $200,000,000
Heart attacks 38 $4,200,000
Asthma attacks 480 $25,000
Hospital admissions 19 $460,000
Chronic bronchitis 17 $7,500,000
Asthma ER visits 30 $11,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011

Citizen groups

Articles and Resources


  1. "EIA 923 March 2020" EIA 923 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Ten Year Power Plant Site Plan 2020 – 2029" Gulfpower.com, page 22, accessed May 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Mississippi Power Company 2021 Integrated Resouce Plan, page 4" Documentcloud.org, accessed May 1, 2021
  4. "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
  5. "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010

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