Dashava-Kiev-Bryansk-Moscow Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Dashava-Kiev-Bryansk-Moscow Gas Pipeline (Russian: Газопровод Дашава - Киев - Брянск - Москва) is an operating gas pipeline in Russia and Ukraine.[1]

Location

The pipeline runs from Dashava, Ukraine, to Kiev, Ukraine, to Bryansk, Russia, to Moscow, Russia.[1]

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Project Details

  • Operator: Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine LCC (GTSOU),[2][3] Gazprom[1]
  • Owner: Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine LCC (GTSOU),[2][3] Gazprom[1]
  • Parent company: Gazprom
  • Capacity: 1.8 bcm/yr[1]
  • Length: 1,301 km[1] / 808.4 mi
  • Diameter: 20.87 in / 530 mm[1]
  • Status: Mothballed[4][5][6][7]
  • Start Year: 1952[8][9]
  • Cost:
  • Financing:
  • Associated infrastructure:

Background

In October 1948, the 509.6 km-long Dashava-Kiev gas pipeline segment began operation. For the first time, gas from Dashava went beyond the region and to Kiev, the capital of Ukraine.[8] In August 1949, Joseph Stalin has issued a decree to extend the pipeline to Moscow.[8] Construction continued and was completed by 1952, when Moscow officially started to receive the gas.[9]

Until 1966, the pipeline was supplying gas from Dashava to Moscow. When new gas fields were discovered, the pipeline was connected to the Shebelinka-Poltava-Kiev Gas Pipeline. After the reconstruction of the loops at the compressor stations, the gas went through the pipes in the opposite direction - to the west. Now the pipeline supplies gas to most of the villages and towns of three regions in Ukraine: Kiev, Zhitomir and Ternopil.[8]

Implications of the Russian invasion

Ukraine refused to directly purchase gas from Russia in 2014 and bought reverse gas from the EU: it bought Russian gas from the Europeans from a transit pipe (from the Russian Federation to the EU through Ukraine), or gas that went in the opposite direction to Ukraine after being delivered to the EU via other routes.[4]

Gazprom announced the dismantling of gas pipelines to Ukraine in 2016. The Russian holding planned to eliminate 4.3 thousand kilometers of pipelines and decommission 62 compressor stations by 2020, 10.7 thousand kilometers of pipelines by 2030.[5]

As of August 2022, the gas pipeline is presumed to be mothballed.[4][5][6][7]

Change of the operator & owner in gas transmission system of Ukraine

In 2019 the personnel of the Branch “Gas TSO of Ukraine” the division of JSC Ukrtransgaz, responsible for natural gas transportation, was transferred to LLC Gas TSO of Ukraine and under the Service Level Agreement concluded between LLC Gas TSO of Ukraine and JSC Ukrtransgaz, LLC Gas TSO of Ukraine provided services covering all types of operation, maintenance and repair works to ensure safe and efficient operation of the main GTS facilities.[2]

In the same year pursuant to Art. 24 of the Law of Ukraine “On the Natural Gas Market”, the National Commission for State Regulation of Energy and Public Utilities (hereinafter – NEURC) adopted a final decision supporting certification of LLC Gas TSO of Ukraine according to the ISO model, and also issued the license for the right to carry out activities for the transmission of natural gas allowing the company to perform its functions starting with January 1, 2020 (Resolution of 24.12.2019 No.3011).[2]

In 2020 LLC Gas TSO of Ukraine was fully separated from Naftogaz Group and 100% stake in the authorized capital was transferred to the state-owned company JSC Mahistralni Gazoprovody Ukrainy (MGU). JSC MGU owns 100% of the shares of LLC Gas TSO of Ukraine.[2]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Газопровод Дашава - Киев - Брянск - Москва, energybase.ru, accessed November 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Key Facts - Transmission System Operator of Ukraine". Transmission System Operator of Ukraine. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Gas TSO of Ukraine". Linkedin. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Украина полностью откажется от закупок газа в ЕС". vesti.ru.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "«Газпром» демонтирует газопроводы на Украину не так быстро, как обещал". Eurasia Daily. 2020-06-16. Retrieved 2022-08-04.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Ukraine: natural gas import volume by route 2020 | Statista". Statista. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "International - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)". www.eia.gov. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Блог историка: как Галичина газифицировала Киев". BBC News. Oct 1, 2018. Retrieved Aug 30, 2021.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "ДКБМ – ЗНАКОВЫЙ МАГИСТРАЛЬНЫЙ" (PDF). Gazprom. Nov 1, 2006. Retrieved Aug 30, 2021.