Drmno mine

From Global Energy Monitor

The Drmno coal mine is a surface mine in the Kostolac basin, Drmno, Serbia.[1]

The mine is the last remaining active pit in the Kostolac mine complex.


The map below shows the exact location of the Drmno mine.

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The mine is owned by the state-owned Elektroprivreda Srbije Beograd AD, which also owns the bigger Kolubara Mine Complex.

Deposit Drmno is located in the eastern part of Kostolac coal basin, i.e. east of the River Mlava and it covers the area of approximately 50 square kilometres. Kostolac coal basin produces 25 percent of lignite in Serbia. The eastern and southern borders of the deposit are natural, i.e. predefined by the geological conditions. The northern border of the deposit is the River Danube, even though the coal seam continuously expands beneath Danube and pass into the deposit Kovin.[2]

The mine supplies coal to Kostolac Power Plant.[3][4]


In February 2010 EPS and China Machinery Engineering Corporation (CMEC) signed an $US1.25 preliminary contract for the redevelopment of the Kostolac Power Plant. Xinhua News Agency reported that the project will also include expanding the capacity of the Drmno mine from 9 to 12 million tonnes per year.[5]

In December 2014, a loan agreement was signed by the Serbian government with the EXIM BANK OF CHINA for a $715.6 million project to build a new 350 MW unit (B3) at Kostolac power station and to extend the annual capacity of Drmno mine from 9 million tonnes to 12 million tonnes of lignite.[1] As of 2019, construction was reported to be in progress with the new plant unit planned to be by the end of 2021.[1]

In March 2019, it was reported that the transportation of a new modern excavator started, in which USD 100 million was invested, and which will enable an increase in the annual production to 12 million tonnes.[6]

As of November 2022, the last shipment of the power plant's equipment arrived at the site. The Minister of Mining and Energy said the power unit could come online "as soon as" October 2023. The article goes on to give special thanks to the workers at the Drmno mine, which will have its capacity grown by 30% with this project.[7] Based on these announced plans, it is assumed that the mine expansion is going ahead. 2022 production rose to 9.9 million tonnes in 2022.[8]

Mine Details

  • Owner: Elektroprivreda Srbije Beograd AD
  • Parent Company: Government of the Republic of Serbia
  • Location: Kostolac basin, Drmno, Serbia
  • GPS coordinates: 44.482913, 20.244569 (exact)
  • Mine status: Operating
  • Start year: 1987
  • Mineable Reserves: 350 million tonnes
  • Coal type: Lignite (Thermal)[1]
  • Mine type: Surface
  • Production: 9.1 million tonnes (2020)[9], 9.4 million tonnes (2021)[10], 9.9 million tonnes (2022)[8]
  • Number of employees: 2,162[11]

Mine Expansion

  • Mine status: Proposed
  • Production: 3 million tonnes per annum[1]
  • Start Year: 2023[7]
  • Source of Financing:

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Euracoal,Serbia, Country Profile, accessed September 2020
  2. "Elektroprivreda 'Mines'". www.eps.rs/. Retrieved March 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. Elektroprivreda Srbije, "About Us: Basic Data: Economic Assosiation for Coal Production, processing and Transport MB Kolubara plc", Elektroprivreda Srbije website, accessed July 2011.
  4. Elektroprivreda Srbije, "About Us: Basic Data: Facilities for coal production, processing and transport OPM "Kostolac"", Elektroprivreda Srbije website, accessed July 2011.
  5. "China, Serbia sign preliminary contract on power station cooperation", Xinhua News Agency, February 4, 2010.
  6. "The new system will enable the production of 12 million tons of coal". https://www-politika-rs. March 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Serbia to put coal plant Kostolac B3 into operation as early as October 2023," Balkan Green Energy News, Nov. 28, 2022
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Technical report 2022" (PDF). www.eps.rs. 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. "Elektroprivreda Srbije Annual Summary 2020 (page 12)" (PDF). https://www.eps.rs. 2021. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. "Elektroprivreda Srbije Annual Summary 2021" (PDF). https://www.eps.rs. 2022. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. Bankwatch, The Great Coal Jobs Fraud, Report, June 2018, page 40-41.

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