Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali Gas Pipeline (Russian: Газопровод Дзуарикау — Цхинвал) is an operating natural gas pipeline.[1]


The pipeline runs from Dzuarikau, North Ossetia to Tskhinvali, South Ossetia.[2]

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Project Details

  • Operator: Gazprom Transgaz Stavropol[3]
  • Owner: Gazprom[1]
  • Parent Company: Gazprom[1]
  • Capacity: 0.25 bcm/year[1]
  • Length: 162.3 km[1]
  • Diameter: 426 mm[4]
  • Status: Operating[3][5]
  • Start Year: 2009[4]
  • Cost: USD 476 million[6]
  • Financing:
  • Associated infrastructure:


Around 70.2 km (43.6 mi) of the pipeline is in South Ossetian territory.[4] The pipeline passes through mountainous regions with a maximum altitude of 3,148 m (10,382 ft) above sea level. The Georgia Times reported that the pipeline may be the highest in the world.[7]

Previously, South Ossetia was supplied with natural gas from the Agara-Tskhinvali leg of the Tbilisi-Kutaisi trunk system of Georgia.[4] After the Georgian-Ossetian conflict, supplies to South Ossetia from Georgia were cut off. According to Georgia, the cause was a damaged section of the pipeline within South Ossetia, while Russia denied the damage and accused Georgia of cutting off the gas deliberately. Supplies were restored in January 2009.[4]

The pipeline was said to be important for the de facto independence of South Ossetia, because it "shakes off the last levers exerted by its unfriendly neighbour".[7] The Georgian foreign ministry has strongly protested against the launch of the new pipeline.[6][8]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Газопровод от с. Дзуарикау (Республика Северная Осетия-Алания) до г. Цхинвал (Республика Южная Осетия)". (in русский). Retrieved 2022-08-03.
  2. "Газпром завершил согласование покупки 25% своей дочки у правительства Южной Осетии" (in русский). Retrieved 2022-08-03.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "В «Газпром трансгаз Ставрополь» применяют космическое оборудование на газовом производстве". (in русский). Retrieved 2022-08-03.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Russia to begin gas supplies to S.Ossetia bypassing Georgia". RIA Novosti. 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  5. "Открытие самого высокогорного газопровода в мире «Дзуарикау-Цхинвал»". Евраzия Эксперт. August 26, 2022. Retrieved August 11, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. 6.0 6.1 "New gas pipeline for S.Ossetia costs $476 mln - Gazprom". RIA Novosti. 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Artem Gorbunov (2009-04-09). "Tbilisi loses its levers over Tskhinvali". Georgia Times. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  8. "Tbilisi States Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali gas line is infringment Georgian Sovereignty". The Georgian Times. 2009-08-27. Archived from the original on 2010-10-24. Retrieved 2009-08-30. {{cite news}}: Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)