Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
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Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali Gas Pipeline is an operating natural gas pipeline.[1]

Location

The pipeline runs from Dzuarikau, North Ossetia to Tskhinvali, South Ossetia.

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Project Details

  • Operator: Gazprom Transgaz Stavropol
  • Parent Company: Gazprom
  • Current capacity: 0.25 billion cubic meters per year
  • Length: 100.8 miles / 162.3 kilometers
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 2009

Background

Construction of the pipeline began in 2006 and gas supplies started in September 2009.[2] Previously, South Ossetia was supplied with natural gas from the Agara-Tskhinvali leg of the Tbilisi-Kutaisi trunk system of Georgia.[2] After the Georgian-Ossetian conflict, supplies to South Ossetia from Georgia were cut off. According to Georgia, the cause was a damaged section of the pipeline within South Ossetia, while Russia denied the damage and accused Georgia of cutting off the gas deliberately. Supplies were restored in January 2009.[2]

Technical description

The diameter of the pipeline is 426 mm (16.8 in). Around 70.2 km (43.6 mi) of the pipeline is in South Ossetian territory.[2] The pipeline passes through mountainous regions with a maximum altitude of 3,148 m (10,382 ft) above sea level. The Georgia Times reported that the pipeline may be the highest in the world.[3] The cost of construction was 15 billion rubles (US$476 million).[4] The pipeline is operated by Gazprom Transgaz Stavropol, a subsidiary of Gazprom. It was built by Stroyprogress.

Political significance

The pipeline was said to be important for the de facto independence of South Ossetia, because it "shakes off the last levers exerted by its unfriendly neighbour".[3] The Georgian foreign ministry has strongly protested against the launch of the new pipeline.[4][5]

Articles and resources

References

  1. Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Russia to begin gas supplies to S.Ossetia bypassing Georgia". RIA Novosti. 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Artem Gorbunov (2009-04-09). "Tbilisi loses its levers over Tskhinvali". Georgia Times. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "New gas pipeline for S.Ossetia costs $476 mln - Gazprom". RIA Novosti. 2009-08-26. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  5. "Tbilisi States Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali gas line is infringment Georgian Sovereignty". The Georgian Times. 2009-08-27. Archived from the original on 2010-10-24. Retrieved 2009-08-30. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

Related SourceWatch articles

Existing Pipelines in Russia

External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali pipeline (Dzuarikau-Tskhinvali pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].