East Pyongyang power station

From Global Energy Monitor

East Pyongyang power station (동평양화력발전소) is a 100 to 800-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Pyongyang Province, North Korea.[1]

It is a combined heat and power (CHP) plant.[2]

Location

The map below shows the location of the power station in Pyongyang Province, North Korea.

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Background

The East Pyongyang power station is a coal-fired thermal plant that was completed in 1989. Sponsored by the Soviet Union as a public works project, and designed by the Russian-based Chrome Energy Project Laboratory, the plant was one of 19 such projects. It currently provides electricity to Pyongyang's eastern region and the suburbs. The power station provides hot water to residents and a catfish farm.[1]

Capacity uncertainty

The power station has been reported as having a 100 MW, 200 MW, 500 MW, and 800 MW capacity. In addition, the operating capacity is likely smaller than the capacity installed. The power station is primarily focused on heat and hot water supply during many times of the year.[3]

(1) A 2015 report by the Korea Development Bank (KDB산업은행) provided background on the power station, identifying a 100 MW operating capacity. It provided the following timeline of events at the power station based on a 2014 source (Google Translate):[4][3]

  • 1989: 착공 (Started construction)
  • 1992: 1호 발전설비 시운전 (No. 1 power plant commissioning)
  • 1994: 1호발전기가동개시 (Started operation of No. 1 power plant)
  • 2000: 2호보일러와1호터빈에대한대보수진행 (Major repairs for Boiler No. 2 and Turbine No. 1)
  • 2001: 2호 발전기에 대한 대보수 진행 (Major repairs to generator No. 2 in progress)
  • 2002: 발전소의 퇴수를 활용하는 메기공장 설립 (Establishment of a catfish factory utilizing wastewater from a power plant)
  • 2003: 1호 발전기에 대한 대보수 진행 (Maintenance of generator No. 1 in progress)
  • 2004: 운탄직장에서 석탄운반기 개보수, 발전설비 개보수 및 생산기술공정 개조 진행 (Renovation of coal carrier at Untan workplace, remodeling of power generation facilities and remodeling of production technology process)
  • 2005: 2호보일러보수작업진행 (No. 2 boiler repair work in progress)
  • 2008: 송전선 건설사업소 주관으로 송전선 이설 (Transmission line relocation under the supervision of the power transmission line construction company)
  • 2010: 터빈직장에 컴퓨터에 의한 과학적 설비운영체계 도입 (Introduction of scientific facility operation system by computer to turbine workplace)


(2) According to another 2012 news article, the plant – reportedly 200 MW – was modernized in 2008.[5]

A 2016 report by the North Korea Development Institute also noted a 200 MW capacity.[6]

(3) According to S&P Global data, two new units (2x300 MW) may have been added to an existing 200 MW coal capacity in 2010, for a total of 800 MW.[7] The facilities do not seem considerably different based on 2000 to 2020 Google Earth imagery though, so this seems unlikely.

(4) An undated Korea Electricity Industry Promotion Association (KOEMA) power system spreadsheet listed the capacity as 500 MW.[1][8]

Public health impacts

In 2017, a World Health Organization report found North Korea's air pollution mortality rate to be the highest in the world (238.4 deaths per 100,000 people). Coal was a major contributor to the levels of pollution, although not much action has been taken by the federal government to combat this as of yet.[9]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Ministry of Electric Power
  • Parent company: DPRK Ministry of Electric Power
  • Location: Pyongyang Province, North Korea
  • Coordinates: 38.9693, 125.6876 (exact)
  • Coal type: Unknown
  • Coal source:
  • Gross generating capacity (operating): 200 MW (estimates vary from 100 MW to 800 MW)
    • Unit 1: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1993)
    • Unit 2: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1993)
    • Unit 3: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1993)
    • Unit 4: Coal-fired subcritical, 50 MW (start-up in 1993)

Articles and Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "East Pyongyang Thermal Power Station," Wikimapia
  2. "Status and Future of the North Korean Minerals Sector," Edward Yoon, for Nautilus Institute, January 6, 2011
  3. 3.0 3.1 “동평양화력발전소,” Ministry of Unification, North Korea Information Portal (nkinfo.unikorea.go.kr)
  4. “The North Korea’s Industry” (북한의산업.pdf), KDB산업은행, December 2015, available for download at North Korea Information Portal (nkinfo.unikorea.go.kr), Ministry of Unification
  5. "DPRK could close Pyongyang Thermal Power Plant," North Korean Economy Watch, May 8, 2012
  6. “최신 북한 전력산업 동향 및 향후 협력전망,” 북한발전연구원, 2016
  7. S&P Global, Platts Market Data: Electric Power, accessed in 2021
  8. "화력발전소(중형급) 위치 및 정보," 남북 전력발전, accessed November 2021
  9. "North Korea's Push for More Coal Clouds Environmental Future," Voice of America, January 28, 2019