El Maghara Coal Mine

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El Maghara Coal Mine is an operating coal mine in El Hassana, North Sinai Governorate, Egypt.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Mine Name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
El Maghara Coal Mine El Hassana, North Sinai Governorate, Egypt 30.706731, 33.3816866 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the coal mine:

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Project Details

Table 2: Project status

Status Status Detail Opening Year Closing Year
Operating[1] 1967[1]

Table 3: Operation details

Note: The asterisk (*) signifies that the value is a GEM estimated figure.
Capacity (Mtpa) Production (Mtpa) Year of Production Mine Type Mining Method Mine Size (km2) Mine Depth (m) Workforce Size
0.012 Underground 494* 552*

Table 4: Coal resources and destination

Total Reserves (Mt) Year of Total Reserves Recorded Total Resources (Mt) Coalfield Coal Type Coal Grade Primary Consumer/ Destination
34[1] Bituminous

Table 5: Ownership and parent company

Owner Parent Company Headquarters
Egyptian Mineral Resources Authority Egyptian Mineral Resources Authority Egypt

Note: The above section was automatically generated and is based on data from the GEM April 2024 Global Coal Mine Tracker dataset.


El Maghara mine is an underground coal mine in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.[2]

As of 2022, is the only operating mine in Egypt.[3] According to a 2002 study, "The El-Maghara coal mine is the only producing coal mine in Egypt. It is located in the middle of the Sinai desert about 250 km north-east of Cairo, where a coal-fired power plant is intended to be built."[4]

In 2022, the government announced it planned to end coal in Egypt prior to Cairo’s hosting of the COP27. Yet it remains mainly contingent on the availability of alternative sources of energy for coal-based industries, as well as on firm decisions to close huge coal-based factories.[3]

  • Owner: Egyptian Mineral Resources Authority (EMRA)[5]
  • Parent company: Egyptian government[5]
  • Location: El Hassana, North Sinai Governorate, Egypt[4]
  • GPS coordinates:30.706731, 33.3816866[4]
  • Mine status:Operating[6]
  • Start year: 1967 [7]
  • Mineable reserves: 34 million tons[3]
  • Coal type: bituminous[5]
  • Mine size:
  • Mine type: Underground[6]
  • Production: .0125 million ton per annum[6]
  • Additional proposed production: expected to reach 0.6 million tons per annum[7]
  • Equipment:
  • Number of employees:

Articles and Resources

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of world coal mines, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Mine Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 https://web.archive.org/web/20240121010209/https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2022/09/egyptian-coal-factory-shuts-down-lead-cop27. Archived from the original on 21 January 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. Angela Boskovitch Photo Essay: Fighting for Creative Cinema Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 11, 2015
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Ayah Aman,Egyptian coal factory shuts down in lead-up to COP27, AI Monitor, September 21, 2022
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ab
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Government approves operation of El Maghara coal mine: officia Cairo Post May 14, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 N.A.A.Edressa, R.Abdel-Fatah Fuel analyses and rank determination of the Egyptian Maghara main coal seam, north central Sinai, Egypt Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, December 2018
  7. 7.0 7.1 Nawal Sayed Sisi calls on all Egyptians to take part in developing Sinai Egypt Today, Feb 27 2018