European LNG Supply Shipping Routes

From Global Energy Monitor

Liquified natural gas is shipped via LNG carriers to the European Union and the United Kingdom. According to the EU, less than 25% of the natural gas used in the EU comes from domestic production. The vast majority is imported, mainly from Qatar (28%), Russia (20%), the United States (16%) and Nigeria (12%). The 14 EU Member States imported a total of 108 billion cubic metres of LNG in 2019 with the largest shares going to Spain (20%), France (20%), the UK (17%) and Italy (13%).[1]

According to a map produced by Rystad Energy for the International Gas Union 2020 World LNG report,[2] the paths of "Major Trade Routes" importing LNG into the EU and UK are as shown below:[3]

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Additional data on the locations and capabilities of LNG terminals come from GEM's Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker.[4]

Routes not listed on the "Major LNG Trade Routes" map were estimated utilizing King & Spalding's "An Overview of LNG Import Terminals in Europe"[5], Skangas's "Building a Supply Chain" presentation[6], GEM Wiki, LNG Terminal Operator's websites[7][8], and news articles.[9]


  1. European Commission (2020-06-20). "Liquefied natural gas". Energy - European Commission. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  2. International Gas Union (2020). "2020 World LNG Report" (PDF). Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  3. Shell, Kogas, Rystad Energy. "LNG World Shipping Routes" (PDF). Retrieved January 13, 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. "Fossil Tracker". Global Gas & Oil Network. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  5. King & Spalding (2018). "An Overview of LNG Import Terminals in Europe" (PDF). Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  6. Skangas (2018). "BUILDING SUPPLY CHAIN" (PDF). Retrieved January 13, 2020.
  7. "Terminal Plus". OLT Offshore LNG Toscana. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  8. "Ny LNG-terminal byggs i Lysekil | Midroc". (in svenska). Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  9. Chapa, Sergio (2018-12-13). "Corpus Christi LNG's first shipment headed to new market in Europe". Chron. Retrieved 2021-01-13.