Farakka power station

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Farakka power station is an operating power station of at least 2100-megawatts (MW) in Farakka, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Farakka power station Farakka, Farakka, Murshidabad, West Bengal, India 24.772729, 87.893707 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 4, Unit 5, Unit 6: 24.772729, 87.893707

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - subbituminous 200 subcritical 1986
Unit 2 operating coal - subbituminous 200 subcritical 1986
Unit 3 operating coal - subbituminous 200 subcritical 1987
Unit 4 operating coal - subbituminous 500 subcritical 1992
Unit 5 operating coal - subbituminous 500 subcritical 1994
Unit 6 operating coal - subbituminous 500 subcritical 2011

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 NTPC Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 2 NTPC Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 3 NTPC Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 4 NTPC Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 5 NTPC Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 6 NTPC Ltd [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Permit(s): February 7, 2007 – Environmental Clearance


Source of financing:


The power station is owned and operated by the National Thermal Power Corporation. It consist of the following units:[1]

  • Unit 1 - 200 MW - 1986
  • Unit 2 - 200 MW - 1986
  • Unit 3 - 200 MW - 1987
  • Unit 4 - 500 MW - 1992
  • Unit 5 - 500 MW - 1994
  • Unit 6 - 500 MW - 2011 (Farakka III power station)


According to the India Central Electricity Authority, a sixth unit of the plant (500 MW) - Farakka III power station - was commissioned on March 23, 2011.[2]

Coal supply problems

A March 2012 article in the Indian Express described coal shortages at the Farakka plant and others across India:[3]

Two projects that were perennially short on coal through whole of last year were NTPC Ltd’s 2,340 MW Kahalgaon station in Bihar and the 2,100 MW Farakka station in West Bengal. The irony is that while Kahalgaon is located right on the pithead (at the coal mine itself, so that there is no need to transfer the coal to the plant), Farakka is not too far. And both are among stations that form the backbone of the eastern region’s generation sector. While the Farakka station has infrastucture in place to operate at over 90 per cent plant load factor, the utility is mostly operating at only 70 per cent because of the short supply of coal. The shortfall in domestic supplies is being made up by imports, which, in turn, jacks up tariffs. The problem here is that most coal reserves in the east are located in Maoist-infested areas. A senior government official says that the entire coal mining value chain in the eastern region is ridden with trade unionism and gangs who pilfer coal, especially from easy targets that include public sector firms or smaller private power producers. The head of a mid-sized state-owned generation firm has repeatedly been complaining about local Coal India employees colluding with middlemen to siphon off his fuel. “The coal mafia is strong and there is absolutely no guarantee that coal will reach the designated consumer, despite assurances from Kolkata (where Coal India is headquartered) or New Delhi,” the official says. With the coal crisis showing little sign of a resolution, despite the Prime Minister’s intervention, utilities across the country have been instructed to make design changes in all future coal-fired projects to enable higher imported coal blending. However, running power plants on imported coal involves an entirely different challenge.

Water shortages

In April 2016 it was reported that an unprecedented dip in the water level of the Farakka canal forced NTPC to suspend generation at five of the six units of the power station.[4]

Articles and Resources


  1. National Thermal Power Corporation, "Coal Based Power Stations ", National Thermal Power Corporation website, accessed June 2010.
  2. "India Central Electricity Authority Monthly Report," India Central Electricity Authority, March 2011.
  3. RAJIB CHATTERJEE , Anil Sasi, "From Jhajjar to Farakka, new to old, fuel shortage hits 130 power units," Indian Express, March 14, 2012
  4. "NTPC suspends power generation from Farakka," The Hindu, Apr 5, 2016

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.