Fos Cavaou LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Fos Cavaou LNG Terminal is an LNG terminal in Bouches-du-Rhône, France.

Location

The map below shows the terminal, in the commune of Fos-sur-Mer, in Istres Arondissement, Bouches-du-Rhône Department, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region.

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Project Details

  • Owner: Fosmax LNG, Elengy
  • Parent: Engie (100%)[1][2][3]
  • Location: Fos-sur-Mer Commune, Istres Arondissement, Bouches-du-Rhône Department, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region, France
  • Coordinates: 43.41963, 4.90102 (exact)
  • Capacity: 6.6 mtpa[3]
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2010[3]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Background

Fos Cavaou LNG Terminal is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification terminal in Bouches-du-Rhône. The terminal is owned by Fosmax LNG, which is in turn owned by Engie. It was completed in 2010.[4][5][6][7]

According to Food and Water Europe's profile on gas use in France, "Between January 2012 and March 2019 (and for Dunkerque since it started operating in January 2017), the four existing LNG terminals were only used at an average of about 30% of their capacity. At the end of 2016 while the Dunkirk terminal was just about to be commissioned, Engie, its main operator, announced it would cut 1,150 jobs in the French LNG sector. Despite these more than sufficient infrastructures, especially in a context of important gas demand reduction, France receives significant support (notably via the List of Projects of Common Interest) to further develop its gas network and transmission capacity."[8]

In December 2019, Elengy said the Montoir LNG Terminal in western France was fully booked between 2023 and 2035, with only a little capacity available in 2021 and 2022. Elengy also stated that it would study options for offering capacity at the Fos Cavaou LNG Terminal beyond 2030, and at the Montoir LNG Terminal beyond 2035.[9]

Ownership

In February 2020, French energy group Total had sold its 27.5% interest in Fosmax LNG, which operates France’s Fos Cavaou liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal to Elengy, a subsidiary of Engie.[2]

Expansion 1 Project Details

  • Owner: Fosmax LNG, Elengy
  • Parent: Engie (100%)[10][2]
  • Location: Fos-sur-Mer Commune, Istres Arondissement, Bouches-du-Rhône Department, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region, France
  • Coordinates: 43.41963, 4.90102 (exact)
  • Capacity: 2.75 bcm/y, 2.0 mtpa[11]
  • Status: Proposed
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2022[11]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Expansion 2 Project Details

  • Owner: Fosmax LNG, Elengy
  • Parent: Engie (100%)[12][2]
  • Location: Fos-sur-Mer Commune, Istres Arondissement, Bouches-du-Rhône Department, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region, France
  • Coordinates: 43.41963, 4.90102 (exact)
  • Capacity: 5.5 bcm/y, 4.0 mtpa[11]
  • Status: Proposed
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2023[11]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Articles and resources

Expansion Projects Background

There are two proposed expansion projects. The first project would add 2.75 bcm/y of capacity, and the second would add 5.5 bcm/y capacity plus 220,000 m3 storage capacity over 2 storage tanks.[13]

According to Natural Gas Intel, Engie SA subsidiary Elengy has considered expanding capacity at its receiving terminals in France, including the Montoir LNG Terminal, which is now fully booked from 2023-2035, and the Fos Cavaou LNG Terminal. These expansions are in response to a second wave of U.S. export facilities expected to come online in the years ahead.[14]

References

  1. FOS CAVAOU LNG TERMINAL READY IN 2019 FOR LNG BUNKERING, Elengy, May 17, 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 French energy firm Total divests stake in Fos Cavaou LNG terminal, Hydrocarbons Technology, February 7, 2020
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2020, page 52, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed April 29, 2020
  4. Fos Cavaou LNG Terminal, Wikipedia, accessed April 2017.
  5. Fosmax LNG website, accessed July 2017.
  6. 50 years of LNG – 2010: commercial startup of a new LNG terminal operated by ENGIE at Fos Cavaou, Engie press release, 27 June 2015.
  7. Fos Cavaou LNG terminal operating at full capacity, Oil & Gas Journal, 1 Sept. 2010.
  8. France, Food and Water Europe, accessed December 4, 2019
  9. France's Elengy says Montoir LNG terminal fully booked 2023-2035, Reuters, December 4, 2019
  10. FOS CAVAOU LNG TERMINAL READY IN 2019 FOR LNG BUNKERING, Elengy, May 17, 2018
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 LNG Investment Database Gas Infrastructure Europe, October 2019
  12. FOS CAVAOU LNG TERMINAL READY IN 2019 FOR LNG BUNKERING, Elengy, May 17, 2018
  13. LNG Database Gas Infrastructure Europe, accessed December 6, 2019
  14. Jamison Cocklin, European Import Terminals Plan Expansions as U.S. LNG Volumes Grow Natural Gas Intel, December 6, 2019

Related SourceWatch articles

External resources

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