Gas Interconnection Poland-Lithuania (GIPL)

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Gas Interconnection Poland-Lithuania (GIPL) is a cross-border pipeline between Poland and Lithuania.[1]


The planned route for the pipeline begins at Rembelszczyzna gas compressor station located in Warsaw, Poland, before travelling to Jauniunai gas compressor station situated near Vilnius in Lithuania.[2][3][4]

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Project Details

  • Owner: Gaz-System (Poland), AB Amber Grid (Lithuania)[5]
  • Proposed capacity: 2.4 billion cubic meters per year
  • Length: 534 kilometers
  • Diameter: 28 inches[5]
  • Cost: €558 million (US$620 million)[6]
  • Financing: Grants of €10.1 million[7] and €266.3 million[8] from the Connecting Europe Facility; a €65 million loan from the European Investment Bank[9]
  • Status: Construction
  • Start Year: 2022-2023[10]


The pipeline will connect the gas transmission systems of Poland and Lithuania. The 700mm diameter pipeline will be 534 km long, with 357 km lying in Poland and the remaining 177 km in Lithuania. The bi-directional pipeline will have a capacity to deliver 2.4 bcm per year from Poland to Lithuania and 1 bcm per year from Lithuania to Poland.[6]

The total construction cost of the project is estimated to be 558m Euros (620m USD), which will be jointly funded by the Baltic States, private investment and the European Commission under the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF).[6]

Construction works were planned to begin in the second half of 2018 and finalized by the end of 2021.[11] The project promoters announced that construction began in January 2020.[12] In November 2020, Argus Media reported that Amber Grid and Gaz-System are expecting a delayed commissioning of the project to 2022-2023.[10]

The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas lists the project as "TRA-F-341" (Lithuania's section) and "TRA-F-212" (Poland section).[5]

The SciGrig_Gas IGG gas transmission network data set refers to the project as "INET_PL_9080", "INET_PL_9081" and "INET_PL_9082".

Projects of Common Interest

The European Commission approved the project for inclusion on the Projects of Common Interest (PCI) list, meaning the project can receive public funding through grants under the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF). Its identification number is 8.5.[4]

According to the European Commission, "The objective of the PCI 8.5 'Poland-Lithuania interconnection', currently known as GIPL, is to establish a physical interconnection between the Polish and Lithuanian gas transmission systems. On the Polish side, GIPL includes: a gas pipeline between Hoowczyce and the PL-LT border (gas pipeline length of approx. 357 km, DN 700); the construction of a new compressor station in Gustorzyn (approx. 16 MW of installed power without spare); the extension, modernization and connection of the pipeline to the Hoowczyce node and the compressor station; as well as related necessary improvements of the Hoowczyce compressor station. On the Lithuanian side, GIPL consists of: a gas pipeline between the PL-LT border and Jauniunai (approx. 165 km, DN 700); the construction of gas pressure reduction and metering station(s) located near the PL-LT border in Lithuania aimed at decreasing the Maximum Operating Pressure (MOP) of the pipeline (from 8.4 MPa down to 5.4 MPa, preliminary max capacity 275,000 Nm3/h with a possibility of extension up to 468,000 Nm3/h). Overall, the new gas pipeline will have a capacity of 2.4 bcm/year in the direction PL to LT and up to 1.9 bcm/year in the direction LT to PL."


The project has received a CEF grant of €10.1 million for preparatory works[7], and a further CEF grant of €266.3 million for construction costs. In July 2020, the European Investment Bank signed a €65 million loan agreement with AB Amber Grid to finance the construction of the Lithuanian section of the pipeline.[9]

Articles and resources


  1. Construction of the Gas Interconnection Poland-Lithuania (GIPL) including supporting infrastructure, CEF-Energy, accessed April, 2018
  2. Diettrich, Pluta, Medrjoubi (July 23, 2020). "The combined IGG gas transmission network data set". DLR Institute for Networked Energy Systems. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas (October 2020). "TYNDP 2020 - MAP – Transmission" (PDF). ENTSOG. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Pipe down: Gas companies' control over billions in EU subsidies". Global Witness. Retrieved 2020-12-09.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas (2020). "TYNDP - Annex A - Projects Tables RPJ007_NS_2020 - entsog". ENTSOG. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Gas Interconnection Poland–Lithuania, Hydrocarbons Technology, accessed April, 2018
  7. 7.0 7.1 Preparatory works for the Gas Interconnection Poland-Lithuania up to building permission(s) obtainment, European Commission, accessed Dec. 3, 2020
  8. Construction of the Gas Interconnection Poland-Lithuania (GIPL) including supporting infrastructure, European Commission, accessed Dec. 3, 2020
  9. 9.0 9.1 European loan for gas interconnection project between Poland and Lithuania, European Investment Bank Projects, Jul. 1, 2020
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Lithuania, Poland gauge market interest in gas link", Argus Media, Nov. 4, 2020
  11. Polish-Slovak gas interconnection closer to realisation The Slovak Spectator, April 30, 2018
  12. Gas Interconnection Poland-Lithuania (GIPL) Amber Grid website, accessed Jan. 11, 2020

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