Gibson Generating Station
Gibson Generating Station is a 3,339.5-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station operated by Duke Energy Indiana near Princeton, Indiana, just opposite the Wabash River from Mount Carmel, Illinois.
- Parent Company: Duke Energy
- Plant Nameplate Capacity: 3,339.5 MW (Megawatt)
- Units and In-Service Dates: Unit 1: 667.9 MW (1975), Unit 2: 667.9 MW (1976), Unit 3: 667.9 MW (1978), Unit 4: 667.9 MW (1979), Unit 5: 667.9 MW (1982)
- Location: SR 64 W & CR 975, Princeton, IN 47670
- GPS Coordinates: 38.3725, -87.76611
- Technology: Supercritical
- Coal type: Sub-bituminous
- Coal Consumption:
- Coal Source: Bear Run Mine (Peabody Coal), Francisco Complex (Peabody Energy), Shay Mine No. 1 (Foresight), Charger Mine No1 (Solar), Friendsville Mine (White Stallion), Air Quality South Wash Plant (Peabody), Gibson Mine (Alliance Coal)
- Number of Employees:
- Unit Retirements:
- 2006 CO2 Emissions: 21,447,980 tons
- 2006 SO2 Emissions: 155,057 tons
- 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
- 2006 NOx Emissions: 28,533 tons
- 2005 Mercury Emissions: 577 lb.
Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Gibson Generating Station
In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants. Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.
Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Gibson Generating Station
|Type of Impact||Annual Incidence||Valuation|
|Asthma ER visits||88||$32,000|
Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed March 2011
Coal Waste Sites
- Gibson Generating Station East Ash Pond Number 1
- Gibson Generating Station East Ash Pond Number 2
- Gibson Generating Station East Ash Pond Number 3
- Gibson Generating Station East Ash Pond Settling Basin
- Gibson Generating Station North Ash Pond
- Gibson Generating Station North Settling Basin
Gibson ranked 6th on list of most polluting power plants in terms of coal waste
In January 2009, Sue Sturgis of the Institute of Southern Studies compiled a list of the 100 most polluting coal plants in the United States in terms of coal combustion waste (CCW) stored in surface impoundments like the one involved in the TVA Kingston Fossil Plant coal ash spill. The data came from the EPA's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) for 2006, the most recent year available.
Gibson Generating Station ranked number 6 on the list, with 3,030,524 pounds of coal combustion waste released to surface impoundments in 2006.
Gibson ranked 4th in terms of largest carbon dioxide emissions
According to a 2009 report by Environment America, "America's Biggest Polluters," the Gibson station is the fourth dirtiest plant in the nation, releasing 22.4 million tons of carbon dioxide in 2007. Ranking is based upon Environmental Protection Agency data.
Articles and Resources
- "Duke Energy 10-k filing 2019" duke-energy.com, 10-k filing 2019, accessed June 2020.
- "Wabash Valley Power 2019 financial statement" wvpa.com, accessed June 2020.
- "Gibson Station" impa.com, accessed June 2020.
- "EIA 923 March 2020" EIA 923 2020.
- "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
- "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010
- Sue Sturgis, "Coal's ticking timebomb: Could disaster strike a coal ash dump near you?," Institute for Southern Studies, January 4, 2009.
- TRI Explorer, EPA, accessed January 2009.
- "America's Biggest Polluters: Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Power Plants in 2007" Environment America, November 24, 2009
- Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2005, Energy Information Administration, accessed Jan. 2009.
- Environmental Integrity Project, "Dirty Kilowatts: America’s Most Polluting Power Plants", July 2007.
- Facility Registry System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, accessed Jan. 2009.
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