Golden Pass LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Golden Pass LNG is a retired LNG import terminal in Texas, United States. The terminal is moving to export LNG on the Sabine-Neches Waterway near Sabine Pass, Texas.

Location

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Export Project Details

Project Details, Train 1

  • Owner: Golden Pass LNG Terminal
  • Parent: Qatar Petroleum (70%), ExxonMobil (30%)[1]
  • Location: Sabine Pass, Texas, United States
  • Coordinates: 29.761394, -93.919418 (exact)
  • Capacity: 5.2 mtpa[2]
  • Status: Construction
  • Type: Export
  • Cost: US$10 billion[3]
  • Start Year: 2024[4]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Project Details, Train 2 & 3

  • Owner: Golden Pass LNG Terminal
  • Parent: Qatar Petroleum (70%), ExxonMobil (30%)[1]
  • Location: Sabine Pass, Texas, United States
  • Coordinates: 29.761394, -93.919418 (exact)
  • Capacity: 10.4 mtpa (5.2 mtpa per train)[2]
  • Status: Construction
  • Type: Export
  • Cost: US$10 billion[3]
  • Start Year: 2025[4]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Import Project Details

  • Owner: Golden Pass LNG Terminal
  • Parent: Qatar Petroleum (70%), ExxonMobil (30%)[1]
  • Location: Sabine Pass, Texas, United States
  • Coordinates: 29.761394, -93.919418 (exact)
  • Capacity: 15.7 mtpa[1]
  • Status: Mothballed[5]
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2011[5]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Background

The Golden Pass LNG Terminal is a joint venture formed by affiliates of three oil and gas companies: Qatar Petroleum (70%), ExxonMobil (17.6%) and ConocoPhillips (12.4%). The import terminal was completed in 2009, and is capable of importing approximately 2 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day through its dual berth ship docks.[6]

In October 2012, Qatar's Golden Pass Products LLC received permission to export liquefied natural gas to nations that have free-trade agreements with the U.S. The partners will make a final decision about the proposed US$10-billion export project after receiving regulatory approvals. The investment would pay for liquefaction plants with 15.6 million metric tons of annual capacity to be added to the existing Golden Pass LNG import terminal in Texas.[7] It will have three production trains with 5.2 million metric tons of annual capacity.[8]

In 2016, the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a notice of schedule for environmental review of the Golden Pass LNG export project.[9][10]

In April 2017 the terminal was cleared by the Department of Energy to begin exporting up to 2.2 Bcf/day of natural gas.[11]

Construction is expected to begin after a final investment decision (FID).[11] FID was reached by Qatar Petroleum and ExxonMobil in February 2019.[3]

In October 2019, Golden Pass LNG Terminal LLC asked the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for more time to place its facilities into service, citing permitting delays. Golden Pass told the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission that it expects to place its three trains into service on a staggered schedule, with Train 1 expected by September 30, 2025, Train 2 by March 31, 2026, and Train 3 by November 30, 2026.[12]

Golden Pass carbon emissions revealed

In December 2020, drawing on internal ExxonMobil planning documents, an expose from Bloomberg revealed that the company's forecasts for direct carbon emissions at the Golden Pass LNG terminal would reach 3.1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide in 2025. This level of emissions, just from cooling and compressing methane on site, means that Golden Pass will have the same climate impact as a coal power plant. Transporting and burning the exported fuel would involve much higher carbon emissions.[13]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2020, page 48, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed April 29, 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 2020 World LNG Report, page 102, International Gas Union, April 27, 2020
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 QP, ExxonMobil sanction $10 bln Golden Pass LNG project, Offshore Energy, Feb. 6, 2019
  4. 4.0 4.1 U.S. Liquefaction Capacity, Energy Information Administration, November 3, 2020
  5. 5.0 5.1 2019 World Gas Report International Gas Union, accessed August 2019
  6. "About Golden Pass LNG Terminal," Golden Pass Terminal, accessed June 2017
  7. "Qatar, Exxon venture wins first U.S. LNG export permit," Bloomberg News, Oct 4, 2012.
  8. ExxonMobil's JV to Market Golden Pass LNG Export Volumes Yahoo Finance, April 2, 2019
  9. "FERC sets Golden Pass LNG export project final EIS date," LNG World News, Jun 29, 2015
  10. "Biggest No Longer Means Best in Qatar's Strategy for LNG Wealth," Mohammed Sergie, Bloomberg News, January 5, 2016.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Exxon-Conoco JV Golden Pass LNG approved for natural gas export," Seeking Alpha, Apr. 26, 2017
  12. Jeremiah Shelor, Golden Pass LNG Asks FERC For Extension Due to Permitting Delays, Natural Gas Intel, Oct. 31, 2019
  13. Kevin Crowley and Akshat Rathi, [https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2020-exxon-carbon-emissions-data-climate-change Exxon Knows Its Carbon Future And Keeps the Data From View,] Bloomberg, Dec. 23, 2020

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