Gothenburg LNG Terminal
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Gothenburg LNG Terminal was a proposed LNG terminal in Sweden. Decisions taken by the Swedish government in 2019 indicate that the project is cancelled.
The LNG terminal is located in the Port of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
- Parent: Vopak, Swedegas
- Location: Port of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
- Coordinates: 57.701770, 11.947963 (approximate)
- Capacity: 0.5 bcm/y, 0.4 mtpa
- Status: Cancelled
- Type: Import
- Start Year:
Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day; bcm/y = billion cubic meters per year
The Dutch company Vopak and the Swedish gas infrastructure company Swedegas are investing in an LNG terminal in Gothenburg. The terminal will supply LNG to both shipping and industry.
The establishment of an LNG facility in Gothenburg was initiated by the infrastructure company Swedegas, which owns the Swedish gas transmission network. Swedegas is working in collaboration with the Port of Gothenburg. Swedegas is owned by the European Diversified Infrastructure Fund (EDIF II), which is managed by First State Investments. In 2017 Swedegas received a grant of €2,629,500 from the European Union's Connecting Europe Facility to carry out a preparatory study for the project.
In 2019, a judge ruled that the terminal shouldn't be connected to Sweden's gas grid.
In October 2019, the Swedish government denied the proposed Gothenburg terminal its final permit on climate grounds. Sweden also withdrew the project from the European Union's Projects of Common Interest (PCI) list, citing concerns over climate change. These two decisions by the government indicate that the project has been cancelled. PCIs are a category of projects that the European Union has decided is a key priority, making them eligible to receive public funds.
Opposition groups have called the necessity of the project into question by citing Sweden's low and decreasing demand for natural gas. According to Food and Water Europe, "The €100 million terminal, with a 0.5 to 1bcm/y imports capacity and 25.000m³ storage capacity, could meet a large majority of the domestic demand (around two-thirds to over 100%). The need to build now such a costly project in a country where gas represents less 1.5% of the total primary energy supply seems deeply questionable. Local mobilization against the project grows stronger. Climate emergency and ambitious Paris Agreement objectives should push EU countries to start phasing-out the fossil fuel industry. In a country like Sweden where gas represents a tiny portion of the energy needs, such transition should be easier than in countries more heavily invested and reliant on fossil fuels. This LNG terminal project only stands to worryingly undermine the necessary rapid energy transition. Moreover, the steeply decreasing demand for gas in the country challenges the commercial viability of such project which could become quickly stranded."
Articles and resources
- LNG Investment Database Gas Infrastructure Europe, October 2019
- EU MILLIONS FOR LNG TERMINAL AT THE PORT OF GOTHENBURG Port of Gothenburg, May 2019
- LNG Gothenburg LNG Gothenburg, accessed July 2019
- Go4Synergy in LNG European Commission, accessed Jan. 12, 2021
- Vanessa Dezem, Stephen Stapczynski and Naureen Malik, Natural gas is losing its luster as a “bridge fuel” to renewable energy World Gas, September 9, 2020
- Sweden rejects major gas terminal on climate grounds, European Climate Foundation, Oct. 10, 2019
- Kevin O'Sullivan Bruton will not support grant application by Shannon LNG until review complete The Irish Times, October 23, 2019
- Project of Common Interest Wikipedia, accessed December 2, 2019
- Sweden Food and Water Europe, accessed December 6, 2019