Grain LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
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Grain LNG Terminal is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) receipt terminal situated on a 600-acre site on the Isle of Grain near Rochester in Kent, UK. It is the largest LNG terminal in Europe and eighth largest in the world in terms of tank capacity, which totals one million cubic meters.[1]

Location

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Project Details

  • Owner: National Grid Transco
  • Location: Isle of Grain, Kent, UK
  • Coordinates: 51.45107, 0.67987 (exact)
  • Capacity: 14.3 mtpa[2]
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2005

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Background

Grain LNG Terminal is an LNG terminal on the Isle of Grain near Rochester in Kent, UK.[3]

Grain LNG Terminal is located on the site of an oil refinery that was decommissioned in 1984.[4] The site was subsequently used as a storage site that would withdraw natural gas from NTS, liquify it, and store it onsite at four, 50,000 m3 storage tanks.[4] The facility was utilized for peak shaving, capable of liquifying stored natural gas and providing it into NTS as needed.

Phase 1

Between 2002 and July 2005, the site was converted from a peak shaving facility into an import terminal capable of accepting 3.3mtpa of imported LNG.[5] A jetty, cryogenic pipeline, and ancillary equipment were constructed as part of the conversion.[5]

Phase 2

In December 2008, three 190,000 m3 storage tanks were commissioned, increasing the facility's capacity by an additional 6.5mtpa.[5]

Phase 3

In December 2010, a second LNG unloading jetty and one additional 190,000 m3 storage tank were commissioned, increasing the facility's capacity by an additional 5mtpa.[5]

Opposition

Opposition groups have called into question the necessity of such extensive LNG infrastructure, citing the low utilization rates of the UK's operating LNG import terminals. According to Food and Water Europe's 2019 UK gas profile, "The £250m Dragon LNG terminal in Wales, UK is an exceptional case as the average utilisation rate for the project seems to have been 0 for the last decade. This project has been undergoing 'planned maintenance' work and doesn't appear to supply the UK with gas. Without taking Dragon into account, the average LNG utilization rate of UK LNG terminals stood at only 22% between January 2012 and March 2019, with Dragon LNG even less (~14%)."[6]

Expansion Project Details

  • Owner: National Grid Transco
  • Location: Isle of Grain, Kent, UK
  • Coordinates: 51.45107, 0.67987 (exact)
  • Capacity: 6 mtpa, 0.86 bcfd
  • Status: Cancelled
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year:

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Expansion Background

Phase 4

Possible expansion of the Grain LNG facility is under consideration.[7][8] Grain LNG is inviting bids through its Phase 4 Open Season capacity sale process, with up to 6 mtpa of additional capacity available. [9] There have been no expansion development updates since 2014 and the project is presumed to be cancelled.

Articles and resources

References

  1. The Grain LNG Terminal, National Grid, accessed August 2017
  2. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2020, page 53, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed April 29, 2020
  3. Grain LNG Terminal, Wikipedia, accessed April 2017
  4. 4.0 4.1 Additional Liquid Natural Gas Storage Tanks at Isle of Grain, Kent, Environmental Statement, Non-Technical Summary, August 2003
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Grain LNG, National Grid, accessed August 2017
  6. UK Food and Water Europe, accessed December 6, 2019
  7. UK's National Grid considering Isle of Grain LNG terminal expansion, Yahoo Finance, 7 Feb. 2014
  8. Grain LNG: Investor Relations, National Grid, November 2016
  9. Phase 4 Open Season, National Grid, accessed August 2017

Related SourceWatch articles

External resources

External articles