HEMA Amasra power station
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Turkey and coal.|
HEMA Amasra power station was a proposed 1,320-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Bartın province, Turkey.
The proposal is different from the Amasra Bartın power station.
The undated satellite photo below shows the plant's site, which is near Gömü village, Amasra district, Bartın province. The second phase of the plant would be built to the north of this site.
Background on Plant
The power station has been proposed by Hema Elektrik, a subsidiary of the Turkish Hattat Holding. The plant would be built near Amasra in the Bartin province of northern Turkey, on a site less than a mile from the shore of the Black Sea. The plant is planned to be a mine-to-mouth plant, with coal coming from Hema's proposed Amasra Hardcoal Project (which holds an estimated 573 million tons of reserves).
After telling local residents in 2005 that it planned only to build a new coal mine in the area, and not a coal power plant, Hema applied in 2006 to Turkey's Energy Market Regulatory Agency (EPDK) to build a 654-MW coal-fired plant in Amasra. The company then increased that permit to 2,640 MW in 2009. Over the years the size of the proposed plant varied significantly. While in January 2010 Hema's website stated that it would be 1,100 megawatts, in March 2012 the company's website referred to it as a 2,640 MW plant. While the company's website refers to the current proposal as being 1,320 MW, at an agreement signing ceremony for the plant Turkish energy minister Taner Yildiz flagged that the project could increase to 4,000 megawatts in capacity.
The EIA hearing for the proposed 1320 MW integrated power station was held in September 2013. The power station has been opposed by local residents, who challenged its permitting. The Turkish Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources rejected the plant's environmental impact assessment, in an apparent victory for opponents of the plant. Hema has stated that it will continue to pursue the project. In April 2014, the plant's environmental permitting process was apparently still underway.
The project has gone through several iterations, with different names: "Amasra power station", "Bartın power station," "Hema integrated power station," and "Western Black Sea (Batı Karadeniz) integrated power station." Different iterations of the project have been proposed by different companies, all of which are however subsidiaries of Hattat Holding. Turkish MP Muhammet Rıza Yalçınkaya, a prominent critic of the project, has demanded clarity from Hattat on which proposal it was actually pursuing.
According to CAN Europe, licenses are being pursued for the HEMA Amasra power station and 1,200 MW Amasra Bartın power station (which was shelved in 2017). In January 2016, an Engineering, Procurement and Construction contract (EPC) for the HEMA Amasra plant was signed between Hema Elektrik Üretim Anonim Sirketi and Dongfang Electric Corporation of China. The contract price is a lump sum of US$900 million.
In 2016, more than 2000 residents were joined by local NGOs to file a court case against a positive EIA decision for the plant. Following that, the project's environmental plan was revised to make it look suitable for a coal power plant. Local groups and some NGOs communicated their objections to this development, and if the objections are ignored they'll file another court case against this development.
In August 2016, Hattat Holding’s chairman, Mehmet Hattat, issued a press release stating that, because of the extensive opposition on the ground, the project’s EIA process was taking too long and that the promoters were finding it difficult to attract international finance. According to locals, in February 2017 Credit Suisse was approached by the company for financing for the coal mine, and a Turkish consultancy firm, 2U1K, conducted a survey and interviewed local communities on behalf of the Swiss bank.
In November 2021 the plant's EIA was cancelled by the Council of State 6th chamber, and the plant is cancelled.
Opposition to Hema power station
The proposal to build the plant has faced significant opposition, both in Amasra and in the provincial capital of Bartın, on the grounds that pollution from the plant would hurt tourism and damage the local environment. Protests have been led by the Bartın Platform, created in April 2010, which united various regional stakeholders opposed to the plant. 10,000 residents of Bartın held a protest against the plant in April 2010. Later that year a petition against the plant collected 30,000 signatures. Moreover, public permitting meetings have been disrupted by local residents.
Hasan Cengiz, chairman of the Amasra Association for Culture and Tourism, noted in 2012 that the plant was trying to break people’s resistance by offering town residents employment in its mines and natural gas plants in the region.
In July 2013, Muhammet Rıza Yalçınkaya, an MP from the opposition Republican People's Party, called on the Ministry of Environment & Urban Planning to reject the project. In May 2014, MP Yalçınkaya demanded further information from the Ministry of Environment & Urban Planning on the ongoing permitting process.
In 2017 Hattat Holding submitted a separate EIA for the preparation facility, despite the decision of the 14th Chamber of the Council of State that it should be included in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the power plant. Bartin Platform claimed consideration of this separate EIA would be unconstitutional.
A court case by the Bartin Platform requesting the EIA to be cancelled lasted a year and a half but was rejected in May 2018 by the Zonguldak Administrative Court.
In February 2019 the Supreme Administrative Court found that the plant's EIA was "not in conformity with the law" because it failed to fully assess the project’s environmental impacts. "This decision showed that the EIA process was illegal and that our claim was correct," said Erdoğan Atmış of Bartin Platform.
In May 2019 the EIA permit process was restarted with a public participation meeting scheduled for May 10, 2019. The meeting was postponed due to continued public opposition to the plant. However, this EIA permit process was canceled in 2021 by an Investigation and Evaluation Commission (IDK) set up by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization. The decision to cancel the process came after a commission meeting with the participation of the Bartin Platform.
In September 2019, a hearing was conducted in Ankara Administrative Court as a follow up of the legal case issued in 2006 against the generation license of the plant.
In December 2019, 98 mine workers striked because they had not been paid for two months. Head of the Amasra branch of Mine Workers Union (Genel Maden İşçileri Sendikası) called Turkish Hard Coal Enterprises to cancel the royalty agreement of HEMA.
In June 2020, the 6th Chamber of the Council of State nullified the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization's 2016 environmental plan that had legalized the construction of a plant as a result of legal action taken by the Bartin Platform. The Council emphasized that 90% of the land allocated to the plant's construction in the plan was forest land. From 2010 to 2021, locals prevented eight attempts to hold an environmental impact assessment (EIA) meeting with the participation of the people.
- Sponsor: HEMA Elektrik Üretim A.Ş.
- Parent company: Hattat Holding
- Location: Gömü village, Amasra district, Bartın province, Turkey
- Coordinates: 41.723, 32.349 (exact)
- Status: Cancelled
- Capacity: 1,320 MW (Units 1&2: 660 MW)
- Type: ultra-supercritical
- Projected in service:
- Coal type: Anthracite
- Coal source: Amasra B Coal Mine, Turkey
- Source of financing:
- License: EU / 944-7 / 732
Articles and resources
- Amasra Hardcoal Project, Hattat Energy and Mining website, accessed Nov. 2017.
- Anelia Stefanova & Daniel Popov, Üzerimizdeki Kara Bulutlar: Türkiye’nin Kömür Sevdasının Karadeniz’deki Yerel Ekonomiler Üzerinde Oluşturduğu Tehdit, Greenpeace Turkey, Oct. 2013, pp. 6-10.
- Pearl of the Black Sea Coast Faces Threat from ‘Black Diamonds’, Today's Zaman, Apr. 8, 2012.
- "About Us", Hema Enerji website, archived from January 2, 2010.
- "About Us", Hema Enerji website, archived from March 9, 2012.
- Turkey’s Hema Signs Deal to Build Coal-Fired Plant, Argus Media, February 23, 2012.
- "Amasra'da Termik Santral İnadına Karşı Mücadele," Biamag, Apr 20, 2014,
- Bartınlılar termik santral mücadelesini kazandı, Greenpeace Turkey, Sept. 19, 2013.
- Amasra "kömür" olmaktan, son anda kurtuldu, Milliyet blog, Sept. 20, 2013.
- Yalçınkaya: 'Termik Santral ÇED Süreci İle İlgili Bilgi İstedi', Bartin Post, May 10, 2014.
- Yalçınkaya: İsim karışıklığı giderilmeli, Bartin.info, July 18, 2013.
- "Amasra coal mine and power station," Banktrack, accessed June 2017
- Communication with CAN Europe, Nov 2015
- Amasra’da yapımı planlanan termik santralın ÇED süreci durduruldu, BirGün, May 2, 2021
- Amasra'da termik santral yapımına olanak sağlayan plan değişikliği durduruldu Birgün, June. 18, 2020.
- Bartın coal-fired plant project canceled after 16 years of legal struggle, bianet, Jan. 14, 2022
- Public Outcry in District of Amasra of Bartin Province on Black Sea Coast of Turkey, Energy News Turkey, Nov. 25, 2010.
- Yalçınkaya, Termik Santral Projesinin İptal Edilmesinin İstedi, Haberler, July 18, 2013.
- Bartın Platformu: İnceleme Değerlendirme Kurulu Toplantısı, Anayasa'ya aykırı, Birgün, Nov. 14, 2017.
- Mahkemeden Amasra’ya termik santrale onay kararına Bartın Platformu’ndan “mücadeleye devam!” yanıtı, 350.org, 25 May 2018
- Court cancels environmental clearance for construction of power plant in Turkey’s Bartın, Hurriyet Daily News, Feb. 22, 2019
- Another setback for coal industry globally: Hema Power Plant rejected by the Supreme Administrative Court in Amasra, Bartin, 350.org, Feb. 22, 2019,
- Amasra’da termik santral süreci Halkın Katılımı Toplantısıyla yeniden başlıyor, medyascope.tv, May 8, 2019,
- ‘Cesetlerimizi çiğnerler, öyle çivi çakarlar’, Cumhuriyet, May 23, 2019
- Talan girişimine karşı gözler yargıda, Birgün, Sep. 9, 2019.
- Maden işçileri eyleme başladı, AcarMedya74, Dec. 16, 2019.
- Amasra’da maaşları ödenmeyen maden işçileri eylemde, Diken,Dec. 16, 2019.