Hai Phong Thermal Power Station

From Global Energy Monitor

Hải Phòng Thermal Power Station is a 1,200-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Hải Phòng province, Vietnam.


The undated satellite photo below shows the two units of Hai Phong-1 to the north and the two units of Hai Phone-2 to the south, in Tam Hưng commune, Thủy Nguyên district, Hải Phòng province.

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Hải Phòng-1

In 2002, Electricity of Vietnam set up Hai Phong Thermal Power Joint Stock Company (of which it is the majority owner) to construct the Hải Phòng plant.[1]

In July 2005, Japan's Marubeni Corporation and China's Dongfang Electric Corporation were awarded the construction contract for Hải Phòng 1, a two-unit, 600-MW coal power plant in Hải Phòng province, near the city of Hải Phòng.[2]

Unit 1 came online in July 2011, and Unit 2 in November 2011.[3]

Hải Phòng-2

In Nov. 2006, Hai Phong Thermal Power JSC signed a contract, again with Marubeni Corporation and Dongfang Electric Corporation, to build a second two-unit, 600-MW coal power plant, Hải Phòng-2, at the same location.[4]

The first 300-MW unit of Hải Phòng 2 started operating in Aug. 2013, and the second in February 2014. The cost of the entire project was $1.2 billion.[5][3]

Hải Phòng-2 Financing

In March 2007, a financing agreement for the Hải Phòng-2 was closed. Japan Bank for International Cooperation agreed to provide a US$38 million loan.[6] Mizuho Corporate Bank and Société Générale agreed to provide US$21 million in loans.[7] China Exim Bank provided a loan of US$3.4 million.[8][7]

Hải Phòng-3

Vietnam's 2011-20 National Master Plan for Power Development, approved in July 2011, lists a four-unit, 2,400-MW Hai Phong-3, to be built by Vinacomin. Unit 1 would come online in 2021, Unit 2 in 2022, and Units 3 & 4 in 2025.[9][10]

In March 2016, after meeting with Vietnam government officials, Thai company Ratchaburi Electricity Generating Holding (RATCH) said that it was interested in joining Vinacomin in the project.[11] In June 2019 the completion date for Unit 1 was delayed to 2028 and the completion date for Unit 2 was delayed to 2029 in the Ministry Of Industry And Trade's report on the implementation of the revised seventh Power Development Plan (PDP7).[12] In February 2020 the National Steering Committee for Electricity Development said that building Hải Phòng-3 as a gas plant should be explored as part of a plan to reduce coal power by 8,760 MW by 2025 and by 6,340 MW by 2030.[13]

According to the Revised Power Development Plan VII (2016), the status of the Hải Phòng-3 project was as follows:[14]

  • Hải Phòng-3 Unit 1 - delayed until 2028 (status: "Planned with investor identified," i.e. pre-permit development)
  • Hải Phòng-3 Unit 2 - delayed until 2029 (status: "Planned with investor identified," i.e. pre-permit development)
  • Hải Phòng-3 Units 3 and 4 - cancelled

In November 2020 it was reported that Hai Phong-3 and other coal plants whose construction had not yet begun would be cancelled under Vietnam's upcoming Power Development Plan VIII.[15][16] The plant would reportedly be fired by gas instead of coal.[15]

On July 4, 2022, the Ministry of Industry and Trade appeared to provide an update on the draft PDP. The document’s list of major power projects planned for 2021-2030 (PDF pages 18-20) did not include the project.[17] On July 15, 2022, the Deputy Prime Minister appeared to request further review of the major power projects that had been included in the revised PDP VII but not in the draft PDP VIII.[18] The project is presumed shelved for now.

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Hai Phong Thermal Power Joint Stock Company (Phases I & II); Vietnam Coal-Mineral Industry (Phase III)
  • Parent company: Electricity of Vietnam (Phases I & II); Vinacomin (Phase III)
  • Location: Tam Hưng commune, Thủy Nguyên district, Hải Phòng province, Vietnam
  • Coordinates: Hai Phong-1: 20.9427817, 106.7578707 (exact); Hai Phong-2: 20.9397669, 106.7549156 (exact)
  • Status: Phases I & II: Operating; Phase III, Units 1 and 2: Shelved; Phase III, Units 3 and 4: Cancelled
  • Gross Capacity: 3,600 MW
    • Phase I, Units 1 & 2: 600 MW (2 x 300 MW)
    • Phase II, Units 3 & 4: 600 MW (2 x 300 MW)
    • Phase III, Units 1-4: 2400 MW (4 x 600 MW)
  • Type: Subcritical (Phases I & II)
  • Projected in service:
    • Phase I, Unit 1: July 2011
    • Phase I, Unit 2: Nov. 2011
    • Phase II, Unit 3: Aug. 2013
    • Phase II, Unit 4: Feb. 2014
    • Phase III, Unit 1: 2028
    • Phase III, Unit 2: 2029
    • Phase III, Units 3 & 4: cancelled
  • Coal Type: Anthracite
  • Coal Source: Quang Ninh mine, Vietnam[1]
  • Source of financing: Hải Phòng-2: US$38 million in debt from Japan Bank for International Cooperation;[6] US$21 million in debt from Mizuho Corporate Bank and Société Générale;[7] US$3.4 million in debt from China Exim Bank[8][7]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Coal-Fired Power Plants in Thailand & Vietnam, Power Plants Around the World website, accessed Jan. 2014.
  2. Marubeni Jointly Awarded Large Vietnamese Coal-Fired Thermal Power Plant with Giant Chinese Manufacturer of Heavy Machinery, Marubeni Corporation website, July 20, 2005.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Generating Unit 4 under Haiphong Thermal Power Plant connected to national grid, Talk Vietnam, 4 Mar. 2014.
  4. Hai Phong Power Plant Deal Signed, Viêt Nam News, Nov. 17, 2006.
  5. Hai Phong Thermal Power Heats Up, talkvietnam, Sept. 20, 2013.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "List of Coal Power Plants funded by JBIC, NEXI and JICA (2003-2019)" (PDF). 2019.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Vietnam power loan is signed". Global Trade Review (GTR). 2007-05-03. Retrieved 2020-12-17.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "JBIC and China's Exim Bank finance Vietnamese plant | News | IJGlobal". ijglobal.com. Retrieved 2020-12-17.
  9. Quyết định phê duyệt Quy hoạch phát triển điện lực quốc gia giai đoạn 2011 - 2020 có xét đến năm 2030 (Approval of the National Master Plan for Power Development for the 2011-2020 Period with Vision to 2030), Prime Minister of Vietnam, Statement No. 1208/QD-TTg, July 21, 2011, Appendix II, p. 3.
  10. Vinacomin focuses investment on power production, Vinacomin press release, 11 Sept. 2014.
  11. Thái Lan muốn tham gia dự án Nhà máy nhiệt điện Hải Phòng 3, Hai Phong AZ, 3 Mar. 2016.
  12. Implementation of Power Projects in the Revised Power Development Plan 7, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Republic of Vietnam, Jun. 4, 2019
  13. Công suất các nhà máy điện than sẽ giảm còn 8.760 MW vào năm 2025, Thien Nhien, Feb. 27, 2020
  14. DANH MỤC CÁC DỰ ÁN NGUỒN ĐIỆN VÀO VẬN HÀNH GIAI ĐOẠN 2016 - 2030, Ban hành kèm theo Quyết định số 428/QĐ-TTg ngày 18 tháng 3 năm 2016 của Thủ tướng Chính phủ (LIST OF POWER PROJECT IN OPERATION PERIOD 2016 - 2030, Issued together with Decision No. 428 / QD - TTg of March 18, 2016 by the Prime Minister)
  15. 15.0 15.1 Nhiều dự án nguồn điện trong quy hoạch ‘chưa rõ tiến độ’ vào vận hành, Nang Luong Vietnam, Nov. 25, 2020
  16. Quy hoạch vùng ĐBSCL: Thay thế tất cả nhà máy điện than chưa xây dựng bằng nhà máy LNG và năng lượng tái tạo, Cafe F, Nov. 26, 2020
  17. “Draft National Power Development Plan VIII,” MOIT, July 4, 2022
  18. “Thiệt hại ra sao nếu không làm 2.430MW điện mặt trời ngoài quy hoạch Điện 8,” Laodong, July 18, 2022

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