Hawthorn Station

From Global Energy Monitor

Hawthorn Station is a 569.0-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station operated by Evergy Metro in Kansas City, Missouri.

Location

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Plant Data

  • Owner: Evergy Metro
  • Parent Company: Evergy
  • Plant Nameplate Capacity: 569.0 MW (Megawatts)
  • Units and In-Service Dates: Unit 5: 569.0 MW (2001)
  • Location: 8700 Hawthorne Rd., Kansas City, MO 64120
  • GPS Coordinates: 39.130833, -94.47777
  • Technology: Subcritical
  • Coal type: Sub Bituminous
  • Coal Consumption:
  • Coal Source: Black Thunder Mine (Arch Coal)[1]
  • Number of Employees:
  • Unit Retirements:

Explosion and Rebuild

In February 1999, a natural gas explosion destroyed the 594.0 MW coal-fired unit 5 at Hawthorn (units 1-4 are fueled by natural gas). A new 565MW coal-burning unit, known as 5 Rebuild, was completed in 2001 to replace it.[2]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 4,532,076 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions: 1,897 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions: 1,549 tons
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions: 15 lb.

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Hawthorn Station

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[3] Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[4]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Hawthorn Station

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 2 $16,000,000
Heart attacks 3 $360,000
Asthma attacks 37 $2,000
Hospital admissions 2 $36,000
Chronic bronchitis 1 $590,000
Asthma ER visits 2 <$1,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011

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