Inden coal mine
|This article is part of the Global Coal Mine Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
The Inden mine is a surface coal mine, operated by RWE Power, producing 19 million tonnes per annum, near Inden, Aldenhoven, and Jülich, North Rhine–Westphalia, Germany.
The satellite photo below shows the area of the mine near Inden, Aldenhoven, and Jülich, North Rhine–Westphalia, Germany.
The open-cast mine was opened in 1957 by the brown coal and briquette works Roddergrube AG . As early as 1959, around one million tons of lignite were being mined for the Weisweiler power station. The dismantling was postponed between 1969 and 1981 because the production in the Zukunft-West opencast mine was sufficient for its operation. With increasing charring, the mining equipment moved from there between 1981 and 1987.
The large-scale dismantling made it necessary for some villages to be completely abandoned and residents relocated. In the population there was sometimes vehement resistance to this. After the entire site is demolished, the brown coal seams will be exposed and mined.
Sometimes new localities are founded that contain the name of the old locality or a combination such as "Inden/Altdorf." The official name with a slash is unique in Germany.
In the case of Inden, archaeologists are examining an entire parish with associated villages and streets for the first time in Germany - before the site is excavated . It is the parish of Geuenich with Altdorf and Inden . Unlike in the Zukunft opencast mine , where archaeological rescue excavations, for example in the parish of Lohn , began too late and were therefore “not optimal”, the investigations in Inden began in 1988, 15 years before the excavation.
The Inden opencast mine is moving eastwards. This means that on the eastern edge of the open pit, the layers above the coal are removed until it is exposed. The overburden that arises is then backfilled on the opposite side and the landscape is recultivated, so that the open pit quasi “wanders”. Lake Indesche is to emerge after the coal has been burnt out. As the Inde River crosses the mining area, a new river bed was created that has been leading the river around the open pit to the west since the end of 2005.
- Owner: Rheinisch-Westfälisches Elektrizitätswerk AG (RWE) Power
- Parent company:
- Location: Inden, Aldenhoven, and Jülich, North Rhine–Westphalia, Germany
- GPS coordinates: 50.875, 6.35 (exact)
- Mine status: Operating
- Start year: 1982
- Coal type: lignite
- Mine size: 17km2
- Mine type: Surface
- Production: 19 million tons per year
- Equipment: Open cast mining
- Number of employees:
- Retirement Year:2030