Iraq Strategic Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Iraq Strategic Pipeline is an operating oil pipeline, running from Kirkuk to Persian Gulf in Iraq.
The pipeline runs from the Kirkuk region in the north to the Persian Gulf in south Iraq.
- Operator: Saipem & Snam(Italy), State Company for Oil Projects(SCOP)
- Owner: Iraq Ministry of Oil
- Parent Company: Iraq Ministry of Oil
- Capacity: 1.4 million bpd
- Length: 730 Kilometers
- Diameter: 42 inches
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1975
- Cost: $237 million
- Associated infrastructure:
The Strategic Pipeline consists of two reversible, parallel lines running North from the Kirkuk region to the Persian Gulf in the South. Each line is meant to have a capacity of 700,000 bpd. One line funnels Kirkuk crude to the South for export, while its twin was intended to run oil from the Gulf up to Turkey. Though the pipeline was originally planned to carry upwards of 1.4 million barrels per day (bpd), it suffered damage both in the Gulf War and again during the 2003 invasion by the United States, severely reducing its capacity. In 2012, the capacity was reportedly 50,000 bpd and was used strictly for domestic purposes.
The original vision of the Strategic Pipeline project never came to fruition. By 1980 to 1981, major terminals on the narrow portion of Iraq's coastline were destroyed in the Iran-Iraq war, largely nullifying the pipeline's intended function. In addition to the damage that it sustained in the Iran-Iraq war, the pipeline was further damaged in the Gulf War, further reducing its capacity. In 2003, The K-3 pumping station in Haditha was destroyed along with four other southern pumping stations. In addition to the destruction, the pipeline needs major modernization. Thus, the pipeline has been of little significance since its inception and has remained unidirectional, with only one pipeline functioning. The line transports crude oil south from Central and Southern Iraq to tank farms at Zubair, Tuba and al-Fao.
Articles and resources
- Iraq Strategic Pipeline, OpenOil, accessed September 2017
- "Investor relations | Saipem". www.saipem.com. Retrieved 2022-03-10.
- "About Us". www.snam.it. Retrieved 2022-03-10.
- "الخط الاستراتيجي. P. 8" (PDF).
- Iraq Reopens Strategic Pipeline, Iraq Business News, December 6, 2012
- "النفط في العراق".
- Iraq Energy Outlook, International Energy Agency, accessed September 2017
- Riches Beneath the Earth, teachmiddleeast.org, accessed September 2017
- Haditha, Globalsecurity.org, accessed September 2017
- Iraqi Export Expansion Plans Hampered By Pipeline Politics, Newsbase, February 16, 2016