JSW coal mines
|This article is part of the Global Coal Mine Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
The JSW coal mines are underground operations, owned by JSW Group, producing 18 million tonnes per annum, in Silesian, Poland.
The mines operating include Knurów-Szczygłowice, Borynia-Zofiówka-Jastrzębie, Budryk, and Pniówek. The mines produce 14.8 mt of coal and 3.2 mt of coke.
The satellite photo below shows the mine site in Silesian, Poland.
The mines are operated by JSW and produce coking coal. The Pniówek mine is the gassiest mine in Poland and is considered a category IV methane hazard.  The mines are regularly changing names and being consolidated, the Borynia and Zofiókwa mines were merged together in 2011 to form the Borynia-Zofiówka mine. 
In 2018 an earthquake led to a collapse in the Borynia-Zofiówka mine. There were 240 miners working in the mine when it collapsed, 5 miners were killed and two were injured while drilling a new tunnel at a depth of 900 metres. The high concentrations of methane in the mine, which reached a concentration of 58% at times, hindered the rescue operation.  
In 2020 JSW were forced to suspend mining operations in a number of their sites after coal mines in the Silesian region suffered widespread COVID-19 outbreaks. At one point almost 60% of Poland's daily infections came from mines in the Silesian area, making JSW mines, amongst others, a regional hotspot for the virus.  
- Operator: Jastrzębska Spółka Węglowa S.A. (JSW) SA
- Parent Company: JSW Group
- Location: Silesian, Poland
- GPS coordinates: 50.221919, 18.6721 (exact)
- Mine status: Operating
- Start year: 1974 (Pniówek) , 1971 (Borynia), 1969 (Zofiówka), 1903 (Knurów-Szczygłowice) , 1995 (Budryk) 
- Mineable reserves:
- Borynia-Zofiówka-Jastrzębie Mine:
- Budryk Mine:
241.7 million tonnes (Proven & Probable Reserves, 2014), 659.2 million tonnes (Inferred , Measured & Indicated Resources, 2014) 
- Knurów-Szczygłowice Mine:
345.7 million tonnes (Proven & Probable Reserves, 2014), 1256.5 million tonnes (Inferred , Measured & Indicated Resources, 2014) 
- Coal type: Bituminous
- Mine size:
- Mine type: Underground
- Mine depth: 1100 meters (Pniówek) 
- Production: 4.45 million tonnes per annum (Pniówek) , 5.475 million tonnes per annum (Knurów-Szczygłowice) , 5.584 million tonnes per annum (Borynia-Zofiówka) , 4.234 million tonnes per annum (Budryk), 
- Number of employees:22,000 total, 3083 (Borynia), 3470 (Zofiówka), 5296 (Pniówek)
Articles and resources
- JSW, Our Operations, Company Website, accessed September 2020.
- Euracoal, Poland, accessed September 2020
- Global Methane Initiative, Pre-feasibility Study for Coal Mine Methane Drainage and Utilization at the KWK “Pniówek” Coal Mine, Poland, September 2015.
- Jastrzębska Spółka Węglowa (JSW), "Borynia-Zofiówka: About the Plant", JSW website, Accessed March 2021
- Reuters, "Two miners dead, three missing after quake at Polish coal mine", Reuters website, accessed March 2021
- IOP Science: Mining of Sustainable Development, "Research and analysis of monitoring records to determine the causes of the disaster in underground mining", IOP Science Website, accessed March 2021
- British Broadcasting Company (BBC), "Coronavirus: Hundreds of Polish infections linked to mine", BBC website, Accessed March 2021
- Radio Telifís Eireann (RTE), "Poland halts work at virus-hit coalmines", RTE website, accessed March 2021
- Jastrzębska Spółka Węglowa (JSW), "Pniówek: About the Plant", JSW website, Accessed March 2021
- Jastrzębska Spółka Węglowa (JSW), "Knurów-Szczygłowice: About the Plant", JSW website, Accessed March 2021
- Jastrzębska Spółka Węglowa (JSW), "Budryk: About the Plant", JSW website, Accessed March 2021
- Jastrzębska Spółka Węglowa (JSW), "Mineral Reserve Reports", JSW website, Accessed April 2021