Jewett Mine

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Jewett Mine was a 35,000-acre surface coal mine in Jewett, Texas, owned by Westmoreland Coal Company.[1]

The mine, which previously supplied the Limestone Generating Station, was permanently closed in 2018 after NRG Energy switched from lignite to cleaner-burning, low-sulphur coal from Wyoming's Powder River Basin.[2][3]


The satellite image below shows the exact location of the now-closed mine.

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Texas Westmoreland Coal Company, a subsidiary of Westmoreland Coal Company, began operating Jewett Mine in 1985.[1] Although the mine had a capacity of up to 6.5 million tons per year, it produced 4 to 6 million tons of lignite, on average.[1]

The mine supplied lignite to the adjacent Limestone Generating Station, which is owned by Texas-based NRG Energy.[1]

Closure & Reclamation

In August 2016, NRG Energy notified Westmoreland of its plans to terminate its lignite supply agreement at the Jewett mine two years early, with an effective date of 31 December 2016.[4] NRG stated its decision was in response to "current energy market conditions" which led them to switch from fueling the Limestone Generating Station with lignite to a cleaner-burning, low-sulphur coal from Wyoming's Powder River Basin.

As NRG (not Westmoreland) was responsible for the mine's reclamation liability, they instead shifted focus to providing multi-year reclamation services.[4] In 2019, NRG Energy partnered with the Texan by Nature organization to build the Dewey Prairie Garden on the former Jewett Mine site—a 10-acre garden meant to help alleviate food insecurity in the local area.[5][6]

Mine Details

  • Operator: Texas Westmoreland Coal Company[2]
  • Owner: Westmoreland Coal Company[2]
  • Location: Jewett, Texas, United States
  • Coordinates: 31.40918, -96.229076 (Exact)
  • Status: Retired[2]
  • Production: 5.25 short tons (2014)[7]
  • Total Resource:
  • Total Reserves:
  • Coal Type: Lignite (Thermal)[2]
  • Mine Type: Surface[2]
  • Start Year: 1985
  • Number of employees: 250 (at closure)[2]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Jewett Mine-Texas", Westmoreland Coal website, Archived from the original on 13 March 2016, Accessed December 2023.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Westmoreland Coal to close its Jewett Mine", The Longview News-Journal, 22 February 2018.
  3. "Coal company that owns Central Texas mine files for bankruptcy", KWTS Channel 10 News, 9 October 2018.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Westmoreland Announces Shift to Reclamation at Jewett Following Cancellation of Supply Contract at Year End", Westmoreland Coal website, Archived from the original on 21 December 2018, Accessed December 2023.
  5. "Dewey Prairie Garden", Texan by Nature website, Accessed December 2023.
  6. Alejandra Martinez, "At a shuttered Texas coal mine, a 1-acre garden is helping feed 2,000 people per month", The Texas Tribune, 14 July 2023.
  7. Annual Coal Report 2014, US Energy Information Administration, March 2016.

External articles