José López Portillo power station
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Latin America and coal|
José López Portillo power station , also known as the Carbón I power station or Río Escondido power station, is a 1200 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power complex in Nava, Coahuila, Mexico.
The undated satellite photo below shows the José López Portillo plant in Nava, Coahuila, Mexico.
Operated by CFE (Mexico's federal electricity commission), the José López Portillo plant is one of two large coal-fired power complexes in Nava, Coahuila, Mexico. The plant's four generating units have a capacity of 300 MW each, for a total capacity of 1200 MW. The plant burns approximately 16,000 tons of coal daily.
Potential retirement & the politics of decarbonization
Since 2017, Mexico has been a member of the Powering Past Coal Alliance, a group of nations that have pledged to phase out existing coal plants. However, the country's stated commitment to decarbonization has been directly contradicted by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador's calls for increased investment in coal and other fossil fuels since taking office in December 2018. In 2020, Mexico ramped up its purchases of coal while imposing new rules discouraging solar and wind projects, and the country remains far from complying with its clean energy commitments under the Paris Climate Accord.
Coahuila's state government remains committed to the sustained use of coal for electricity generation, calling for coal use to remain "at least" at current levels through 2023, and the head of Mexico's Federal Electricity Commission has suggested that Coahuila's coal plants should continue operating permanently. According to the Mexican Geological Survey, Coahuila state produces 99% of Mexico's coal, and the director of Mexico's National Coal Producers' Union estimates that the livelihood of tens of thousands of state residents depends directly or indirectly on coal production.
The Mexican government's 15-year energy development plan for 2018-2032 makes no provision for decommissioning the José López Portillo plant, although it does call for shutdown of the neighboring Carbón II power station in 2029. Recent reports indicate that the government intends to rehabilitate and modernize the José López Portillo plant, adding 120 MW to 129 MW of generating capacity and investing tens of millions of pesos to extend the useful life of the plant by as much as 15 years.
Health & environmental impacts
The José López Portillo power complex is one of Mexico's worst polluters. The plant ranks first in the country in annual emissions of methane (over 150 tons per year), first in nitrous oxide (229 tons), first in nitric oxides (over 50,000 tons), second in carbon dioxide (over 10 million tons), and fourth in sulfur dioxide emissions (over 115,000 tons annually). A June 2020 article in El Economista notes that air pollution from the coal plants of Coahuila state is a known contributor to lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, and acute respiratory illness, with the latter being the state's number one health problem, according to government figures. The José López Portillo plant, together with the neighboring Carbón II power station and the Petacalco power station in Guerrero state, accounts for 22% of the GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions from Mexico's electricity sector while contributing only 10% of national electricity production.
- Sponsor: CFE (Comisión Federal de Electricidad)
- Parent company: CFE (Comisión Federal de Electricidad)
- Location: Nava, Coahuila, México
- Coordinates: 28.486246, -100.689918 (exact)
- Status: Operating
- Gross capacity: 1200 MW
- Type: Subcritical
- In service:
- Unit 1: 1982
- Unit 2: 1983
- Unit 3: 1985
- Unit 4: 1987
- Coal type: Bituminous
- Coal source:
- Source of financing:
Articles and resources
- "Jose Lopez Portillo (Carbon I, Rio Escondido) Coal Power Station". GEO (Global Energy Observatory). Retrieved 2021-01-10.
- "Recorre AMLO instalaciones de la termoeléctrica 'José López Portillo'". El Tiempo de Monclova. October 25, 2020.
- "México está incumpliendo los compromisos ambientales ante el Acuerdo de París, según expertos". La República. December 28, 2020. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
- "PPCA Members | Powering Past Coal Alliance". Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA). Retrieved 2021-01-11.
- "Energías limpias, sofisma que usó la política neoliberal para beneficiar a particulares: AMLO". Animal Político. October 24, 2020.
- "Alternative energy efforts in Mexico slow as Lopez Obrador prioritizes oil". Los Angeles Times. 2019-07-10.
- "El gobierno de México comprará toneladas de carbón para termoeléctricas". infobae. July 17, 2020.
- "Programa Especial de Energía 2017-2023 (p 36)" (PDF). Gobierno del Estado de Coahuila. September 2018.
- "CFE buscará que carboeléctricas trabajen permanentemente: Manuel Bartlett". Energía Hoy. 2019-08-05.
- "Panorama Minero del Estado de Coahuila (p 11)" (PDF). Servicio Geológico Mexicano. December 2019.
- Badillo, Diego (June 20, 2020). "Centrales eléctricas de Coahuila y el lado oscuro de la fiesta del carbón". El Economista.
- "PRODESEN: Programa de Desarrollo del Sistema Eléctrico Nacional 2018-2032 (p 81)" (PDF). SENER (Secretaría de Energía de México). 2018.
- "Repotenciación de centrales termoeléctricas" (PDF). Transición Energética. October 2019.
- "Supervisará Bartlett trabajos de modernización de termoeléctricas de Nava". El Siglo. October 13, 2020.
- Badillo, Diego (June 13, 2020). "Las carboeléctricas ya no tienen cabida en México: Jorge Villarreal". El Economista.
- "0218 CFE: Repotenciación y Modernización de Central Termoeléctrica José López Portillo – Proyectos México". Proyectos México. Retrieved 2021-01-11.