Karaburun power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Karaburun power station is a proposed 1,320-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Çanakkale province, Turkey.[1]

Location

The map below shows the approximate plant's site which is at Karaburun cape in Biga district, Çanakkale province.

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Background on Plant

Karaburun power complex is owned by Sarıkaya Enerji which is now a subsidiary of Yıldırım Group.[2] Its permitting and company partnership processes followed a similar pathway as Kirazlıdere power complex proposed for Çanakkale province by Filiz Enerji, and both companies were owned by Yıldırım Group in 2013.[3] Both Sarıkaya Energy and Filiz Energy companies used to be owned by Doğtaş, a subsidiary of Doğanlar Holding, before 2013.[4][5] Also, their environmental permission processes were started before 2013, as there used to be some references that Karaburun power complex received the generation licences for Karaburun-1 (135 MW) unit in May 2010 and for Karaburun-2 (660 MW) unit in June 2011.[6][7] However, these licenses are not currently accessible (December 2019 update). The information below is based on the latest accessible references and updated capacities.

In March 2013, the environmental permit application for 2 units (660 + 160 MW) was approved.[8] In January 2014, both units received pre-generation licences separately.[9] In March 2014, Sarıkaya applied to expand the plant's capacity to 1,125 MW and revised its EIA report.[10][11]

At the end of 2015, after COP21 in Paris, the company decided to change the technology from ultra-critic to the ultra-super critic to meet the international finance and credit requirements of E.C.A. - Export Credit Agency and applied for a capacity increase to 1,320 MW (2 x 660MW).[12] Both units were combined into one as a 1,320 MW capacity plant, the environmental permit was given in April 2015[13] , generation license was given in December 2015.[14] Environmental groups opposed the environmental permit as air pollution modelling was not done by a team including methodology engineer, state council decided for renewal of the EIA report.[13]

In 2016 the company announced another capacity increase to 1,600 MW (2 x 800MW),[15] submitted an EIA report on October 2016.[16] EMRA approved the same generation licence is valid for the increased capacity of 1,600 MW as July 2018.[17][15]

However, in 2018, the plant submitted the EIA report for 1,320 MW (2 x 660MW) and received EIA permission on 18 September 2018.[18] In this renewed EIA report, there isn't any justification or mention of the capacity increase to 1,600 MW.[19]

Environmental Impact

In 2015, despite the claims by the plant company, academia, environmental groups and locals proved that the marine and coastal area between Karabiga-Aksaz regions, where the plant is planned to be built, are the natural habitats of the Mediterranean monk seal (monachus monachus).[20] Mediterranean monk seal is an endangered species and only 350-450 mature individuals are estimated to be in the wild.[21]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Sarıkaya Enerji
  • Parent company: Yıldırım Group
  • Location: Biga district, Çanakkale province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 40.446, 27.287 (approximate)
  • Status: Permitted
  • Gross capacity: 1,320 MW (Units 1-2: 660 MW)
  • Type: Supercritical[22]
  • Projected in service: 2022
  • Coal type: Hard Coal
  • Coal source: Imported[7]
  • Source of financing:

Opposition

In October 2016, 350.org Ankara expressed opposition to the Karaburun Thermal Power Plant. They cited concerns over the EIA report, claiming that it was inadequate and needs to consider the effects of greenhouse gases and climate change more. They called for others to submit opposition pieces by October 13, 2016.[23]

In 2016, the Ecology Collective released a new publication called, “Climate Protection Cases and Legal Situations in Turkey ‘2016’” which examines the climate situation in Turkey at the time. They express how concerns over threats to climate justice, like the Karaburun power plant, reveal the importance of environmental law.[24]

In 2017, Önder Algedik published a “Coal and Climate Change 2017 report,” which discussed how coal plants, like the Karaburun power plant, may cause “more irreparable damages” to Turkey in the future.[25]

Multiple Turkish cities and towns had made applications for information about coal plant projects and their environmental impact, including the Karaburun plant.[26]

In February 2019, the Air Pollution & Climate Secretariat (AirClim) published a report by Fredrik Lundberg, an energy policy specialist in Sweden. He urged for the stop of production of coal power plants, including the Karaburun plant.[27]

Articles and resources

References

  1. Karaburun EIA report-2018, Ministry of Environment and Urbanism online EIA database, June 2018.
  2. Hakkımızda, Sarıkaya Enerji website, accessed Dec. 2019.
  3. Tarihçe, Yıldırım Holding website, accessed Dec. 2019.
  4. Doğtaş, Çanakkale'de iki ithal kömür santrali kuracak, Enerji Günlüğü, July 3, 2013.
  5. Sektör:Enerji, Çınar Mühendislik website, accessed Dec. 2019.
  6. Karaburun Termik Santralı, EPDK website, accessed Apr. 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Karaburun-2 Termik Santralı, EPDK website, accessed Apr. 2014.
  8. ÇED olumlu kararı duyurusu, Ministry of Environment & Urban Planning website, Mar. 29, 2013.
  9. Karaburun ÖN/4817-1/02652 & Karaburun II ÖN/4817-2/02653, EMRA Pre-Licence website, accessed December 2019.
  10. Karaburun Santrali`nde teknoloji ve güç revizyonu, Enerji Günlüğü, Mar. 26, 2014.
  11. Halkın katilımı toplantısı duyurusu, Ministry of Environment & Urban Planning website, Apr. 15, 2014.
  12. Karaburun Termik'e Paris İklim Zirvesi ayarı Kaynak: Karaburun Termik'e Paris İklim Zirvesi ayarı, Enerji Günlüğü, March 19, 2016.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Türkiye'de İklim Koruma Davaları-2016, Ekoloji Kollektifi, March 2017.
  14. EÜ/6041-4/03415 31.12.2015 EMRA Licence website, accessed December 2019.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Lisanlar ve İzinler, Sarıkaya Enerji, accessed Dec. 2019.
  16. Termik Santraline itiraz ediyoruz, 350ankara.org, Oct. 12, 2016.
  17. July 2018 Progress report, EMRA, accessed Dec. 2019.
  18. ÇANAKKALE ili BIGA, ilcesi ÇED OLUMLU, Çanakkale Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanism, Sep. 18, 2018
  19. Karaburun 2018 EIA report, Ministry of Environment and Urbanism online EIA database, June 26, 2018.
  20. Marmara Denizi Karabiga’da Akdeniz Foku Görüntülü Kayıtları, SADAFAG, Dec. 25, 2015
  21. Mediterranean Monk Seal, IUCN, accessed Dec. 2019
  22. Sarıkaya Enerji'nin ithal kömür santraline lisans, Enerji Günlüğü, Jan. 30, 2014.
  23. “We object to the Karaburun Thermal Power Plant!”, 350 Ankara, Translated by Google, October 12, 106.
  24. “The book on Climate Protection Cases in Turkey is published”, Sivil Düsün, Translated by Google, 2016.
  25. “Coal and Climate Change 2017 Report”, Önder Algedik, Translated by Google December 9, 2017.
  26. “Response to 56 Applications to Obtain Information from MoEU”, Ecology Collective, Translated by Google, April 9, 2018.
  27. “Phasing out coal in Europe by 2025”, AirClim, Feburary 2019.

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

NO2 and SO2 emissions (Turkish)