Kirazlıdere power complex

From Global Energy Monitor
Part of the
Global Coal Plant Tracker,
a Global Energy Monitor project.
Download full dataset
Report an error
Related coal trackers:

Kirazlıdere power complex is a permitted power station in Güreci, Lapseki, Çanakkale, Türkiye. It is also known as Filiz Kirazlidere Power Generation.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Kirazlıdere power complex Güreci, Lapseki, Çanakkale, Türkiye 40.38227, 26.99455 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

Loading map...

Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 40.38227, 26.99455

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 permitted coal - bituminous 800 ultra-supercritical 2021
Unit 2 permitted coal - bituminous 800 ultra-supercritical 2021

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Filiz Kirazlıdere Enerji Üretim AŞ (Filiz Enerji) [100.0%]
Unit 2 Filiz Kirazlıdere Enerji Üretim AŞ (Filiz Enerji) [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): imported


Kirazlıdere power complex is owned by Filiz Enerji which is now a subsidiary of Yıldırım Group.[1] Its permitting and company partnership process followed a similar pathway as Karaburun power station proposed for Çanakkale province by Sarıkaya Enerji. Both companies became subsidiaries of Yıldırım Group in 2013.[2] There are also some references that both Sarıkaya Energy and Filiz Energy companies used to be owned by Doğtaş, a subsidiary of Doğanlar Holding, before 2013.[3][4] Both of their environmental permission processes were started before 2013, as there used to be some references that Kirazlıdere power complex received the generation license for the 1st unit in 2010[5] and for the 2nd unit in 2012,[6] but these licenses are not currently accessible (December 2019 update). The information below is based on the latest accessible references and updated capacities.

Environmental permission processes for two units of Kirazlıdere power complex started individually in 2012; for the first unit, the EIA report was submitted on 14th September 2012,[7] and for the second unit an EIA application file (a pre-EIA report file) was submitted on 28th September 2012.[8] "EIA positive decisions" were given to the first unit (600MW) on 14th February 2013,[9] and to the second unit (660MW) on 14th June 2013.[9] A generation license was given to the first unit on 7th March 2013,[10] and a pre-generation license was given to the second unit on 3rd March 2014.[11]

In 2015, EMRA combined individual generation licenses for both units and announced it as 1,260 MW (600MW + 660MW).[12] EIA positive decisions for the first unit were cancelled on December 2014 after legal cases.[13] New EIA reports for the first and the second units received positive decisions individually on 5th May 2015.[12]

At the end of 2015, after COP21 in Paris, the company decided to change the technology from ultra-critical to ultra-supercritical to meet the international finance and credit requirements of E.C.A. - Export Credit Agency that resulted in the capacity increase from 1,260 MW to 1,600 MW (2 units x 800MW).[12] As this capacity increase requires the revision of filtration systems, fill-area and cooling water, the new EIA process started in 2016.[12] The permitting process was paused for 2 months in April 2017 after the board of inspection and survey meeting as the company was requested to complete the missing parts in the air pollution modeling.[14]

On 18th August 2017, another board of inspection and survey meeting was held, where many NGOs objected on health grounds and claimed that emissions from the plant would exceed new EU limits.[15] Legal cases against the new EIA report were dismissed, on 3rd October 2017 the final EIA report for unit 1 and unit 2 combined, with 1,600 MW total capacity, was accepted.[16] However, the generation license was valid for 1,260 MW.[10]

Energy China announced that it had signed an Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) contract for the power station in January 2021.[17]

In April 2023, expert reporting from a lawsuit against the development of the power station revealed that the project did not have an approved EIA at the time that a generation license was approved. Therefore, the production license was in violation of existing Electricity Market License Regulation. The report also highlighted that the project's impact assessment did not include evaluation of cumulative impacts. After reviewing the report, a lawyer involved in the case stated that Kirazlıdere power complex was unlawful and should be cancelled.[18] Because the investment had not begun within 5 years, the (unlawfully) approved EIA could be considered invalid. The following errors were found in the EIA report:[19]

  • The planning area boundaries were not fully defined.
  • Opinions of institutions and organizations that are required to be taken in the planning process were incomplete.
  • Sections of the plan that could be connected to the highway from the facilities were not planned, it was prepared without connecting to the main transportation roads, and it was located in a dead end road position.
  • It was not in the public interest.
  • Spatial Plans were made in violation of the urban planning principles and planning principles determined in the Construction Regulation.
  • It was done in violation of the principle of protection of forest areas.

In August 2023, the case was reportedly still ongoing. There were at least three open cases filed against the development of the power station in Çanakkale Administrative Court and the Council of State.[20]

Environmental Impact

In May 2017, environment and health groups claimed that emissions from the plant would exceed new EU limits[21] and called for a cumulative air pollution assessment.[22]

In April 2023, the power station proposal was described as (Google translate): "the death of the coastline and tourism".[23] Local advocates stated that the area where the power station and related port would be developed was essential breeding ground for engagered monk seals.[24]

Throughout the summer of 2023, the Çanakkale area dealt with the most serious forest fires in the region's history. Kirazlıdere power complex would be the sixth coal-fired power station built in this area, and advocates against the development highlighted the direct relationship between coal plants, the climate crisis, and wildfires.[25]


As of June 2018, coal for the plant would be provided by YIlliak A.Ş., a Yıldırım Group company, from the YCCX coal mine company in Colombia. It would be shipped with a Newcastlemax ship capable of carrying 200,000 tons of freight at Yıldırım Shipping Inc., a Yıldırım Group company.[26]


On April 17, 2013, the Institute for Energy Economics and the Rational Use of Energy (IER) released a report on the estimated health risks caused by coal plants in Europe, including the Kirazlidere plant in Turkey.[27]

In May 2017, civil society organizations protested against the Kirazlidere coal plant in order to protect public health from air pollution. One private citizen expressed concern over how “our air is already dirty, it will be more polluted with power plants.” A representative from the Kazdagi Natural and Culture Heritage Association also accused the investor of Kirazlidere, Yildirim Holding, for “creating a misleading perception as if there is clean and harmless coal in the public.”[28]

It was reported in April 2017 that civil society representatives believe the air pollution modeling in the EIA for the Kirazlidere plant was incomplete and inaccurate. Citizens and non-governmental organizations are determined to ensure that the Kirazlidere plant is not made.[29]

On April 20, 2017, a petition against the Kirazlidere Power Plant was started on The description of the petition said, “We do not want expensive and dirty energy projects that will make us dependent on imported coal.”[30]

In February 2019, the Air Pollution & Climate Secretariat (AirClim) published a report by Fredrik Lundberg, an energy policy specialist in Sweden. He urged for the stop of production of coal power plants, including the Kirazlidere plant.[31]

In May 2023, an online petition calling for the cancellation of the Karaburun power station and Kirazlıdere power complex, among other related goals, had nearly 10,000 signatures within two months.[32]

Articles and Resources


  1. HAKKIMIZDA, Filiz Enerji website, accessed Feb. 2018.
  2. Tarihçe, Yıldırım Holding website, accessed Dec. 2019.
  3. Doğtaş, Çanakkale'de iki ithal kömür santrali kuracak, Enerji Günlüğü, July 3, 2013.
  4. Sektör:Enerji, Çınar Mühendislik website, accessed Dec. 2019.
  5. Detaylar: Kirazlıdere Termik Santralı, EPDK website, accessed Apr. 2014.
  6. Detaylar: Kirazlıdere-2 Termik Santralı, EPDK website, accessed Apr. 2014.
  7. Çed Duyurusu, Çanakkale Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanism, Sep. 14, 2012.
  8. Çed Süreci Başlama Duyurusu, Çanakkale Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanism, Sep. 28, 2012.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Lisans ve İzinler, Filiz Enerji, accessed December.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Kirazlidere Generation Licence: EÜ/4301-5/02545, EMRA Licence website, accessed December 2019.
  11. Kirazlidere-2 Pre-Generation Licence:03.04.2014, EMRA Pre-Licence website, accessed December 2019.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Kirazlıdere 2016 EIA report, Ministry of Environment and Urbanism online EIA database, July 2016.
  13. Kirazlıdere Termik Santrali Entegre Projesi “ÇED Olumlu Kararı” İptal Edildi Çanakkaleİçinde, Dec.1, 2014
  14. Kirazlıdere Termik Santrali durduruldu, Aydınlık, April 28, 2017.
  15. 17 sivil toplum kuruluşu itiraz etti: “Kirazlıdere Termik Santrali ölüm saçacak”, Sözcü, Aug. 18, 2017.
  16. Türkiye'de İklim Koruma Davaları-2016, Ekoloji Kollektifi, March 2017.
  17. 中国能建签署土耳其菲力兹2×660兆瓦超超临界燃煤电站项目EPC合同, Sina, Jan. 5, 2021
  18. Kirazlıdere termik santraline ÇED olmadan üretim lisansı verildiği ortaya çıktı!, evrensel, April 7, 2023
  19. "Kirazlıdere Termik Santrali, Orman Dokusuna Zarar Verir",, April 5, 2023
  20. "Çanakkale'ye bir darbe de termik santralden! | Kirazlıdere termik santrali, hem ormanı hem de Akdeniz Foku’nun üreme alanını yok edecek, Evrensel, Aug. 23, 2023
  21. Kirazlidere IDK Dilekçesi, Right to Clean Air Platform-Turkey, Aug. 18, 2017
  22. Yıldırım Holding'e "Çanakkale'nin Havasını Bozma" Çağrısı, Bianet, May. 24, 2017
  23. Çanakkale'yi tehdit eden santrale ilişkin umut veren bilirkişi raporu: Orman dokusuna zarar verir, Karar, April 5, 2023
  24. Doğa harikası koy, Akdeniz foku ve binlerce ağaç tehlikede!, Sakarya54, April 27, 2023
  25. ‘Santralleri kapatın!’, Acik Radyo, September 1, 2023
  26. TEMİZ KÖMÜRLÜ SÜPER VERİMLİ VE ÇEVRECİ SANTRAL PROJESİ, Filiz Enerji website, accessed June 2018.
  27. “Estimating Health Risks caused by Emissions of Air Pollutants from Coal Fired Power Plants in Europe”, Greenpeace, April 17, 2013.
  28. “Holding the Air of Çanakkale”, Bianet, Translated by Google, May 24, 2017.
  29. “People pressed for Çanakkale Kirazlidere Thermal Power Plant Not Approved!”, 350 Turkey, Translated by Google, April 27, 2017.
  30. “Imported coal-fired power plant projects in Karabiga do not stop”, Canakkale TEMA, April 20, 2017.
  31. “Phasing out coal in Europe by 2025”, AirClim, Feburary 2019.
  32. “Kazdağları’nda Kömüre Son Ver! Termik Santralleri Kapat!”,, March 23, 2023.

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.