Katni power station
The Katni power station is a proposed 3,200 megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station of Welspun Energy in the Katni District of Madhya Pradesh, India.
The map below shows Katni District, Madhya Pradesh, the approximate location where the plant will be built.
The original proposal was for a 3 x 660 MW coal plant. The company's 2010-2011 Bidder Qualification Criteria document states that approximately 183.8 hectares of land acquisition was completed. Welspun has applied for coal linkage to the Ministry of Coal, and the water resources department (WRD) of Madhya Pradesh has accorded, in principle, approval for the project's water allocation. The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for a 3 x 660 MW project was approved by the India Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) on June 1, 2012.
In February 2015 Welspun Energy Madhya Pradesh Limited, a subsidiary of Welspun Energy Private Limited, applied to change the proposed project from 1,980 MW to 3,200 MW. The terms of reference for a 3,200 MW coal plant was granted on April 27, 2015.
Welspun appears to exit coal power business
In October 2015, Adani Group signed an initial agreement to buy the Katni power station and Welspun Energy Mirzapur power station in Uttar Pradesh. However, there were no subsequent reports that the deal had actually been finalized.
In June 2016, Tata Power Company purchased the renewable energy portfolio of Welspun Energy Pvt Ltd for an estimate Rs 10,000 crore (US$1.4 billion). As of December 2016, none of the annual reports of any companies affiliated with Welspun Group make any mention of involvement in coal plants. It appears that in the wake of its apparently unsuccessful attempt to sell its coal power projects in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, and its transition into a builder of renewable power, followed by its sale of its renewable portfolio to Tata, the company has abandoned further plans to develop new coal power in India, including Welspun Energy Mirzapur power station in Uttar Pradesh and Katni power station in Madhya Pradesh. 
November 2012: Woman immolates herself in protest
In November 2012, NDTV reported that twenty farmers in Bujbuja village sit every day on funeral pyres with kerosene and match sticks at arm's reach to protest acquisition of land for the plant. On Diwali, Katni district villager Sunia Bai died one day after she set herself on fire on Diwali day, in protest over land acquisition for the plant. Following the self-immolation, police responded to a protest by residents of Bujbuja and Dakaria villages with a lathicharge, seizing the body. According to villagers, the police had threatened to bulldoze the home of Sunia Bai and her husband Chhaka Gadari. In addition, police arrested 12 villagers as well as former Janata Dal (United) MLA Saroj Bachchan Nayak. Protesters demanded that land acquired for the project be returned to farmers. Farmers also built funeral pyres on their land and warmed that they would immolate themselves if forcibly evicted. A second villager threatened with eviction, Pyare Lai Choudhary, was admitted to the hospital after drinking poison in a suicide attempt.
On October 21, 2012, nearly 2,000 farmers sat on unlit pyres in Bujbuja village and stalled the bhoomi pujan ceremony for the Katni power plant. They protested against the “forced acquisition of their land.”
On June 15, 2013, farmers protested against the land acquisition of Bujbuja for the Katni power plant. In November 2011, 50-year-old Sania Gadai had immolated herself after the local tesidlar had served notice for her husband to vacate their farm. This was in Bujbuja where the Katni power plant was planned to be built.
By January 2016, two villagers had committed suicide to oppose the land acquisition in Bujbuja. The villagers are warning that if the government does not return their land or water, they will burn themselves to death. The farmers claim that the Welspun Company, who is in charge of the Katni power plant, forcibly took their land and paid compensation to fake bank accounts with fake documents.
Sponsor: Welspun Energy
Location: Bujbuja and Dokariya villages, Barhi and Vijayaraghavgarh taluks, Katni District, Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 23.834659, 80.395517 (approximate)
Capacity: 3,200 MW (Units 1-4: 800 MW)
Projected in service:
Estimated annual CO2: 11,709,128 tons
Source of financing:
Permits and applications: Environmental clearance, India MoEF, June 1, 2012; Terms of reference for a 3200 MW plant, India MoEF, Apr 27, 2015
Articles and resources
- "Bidder Qualification Criteria for BTG Package: 3x660 MW Katni Thermal Power Project - Welspun Energy Madhya Pradesh Ltd.," Bidder Qualification Criteria for BTG Package, Doc. No.: WEL/BQC/KTPP/MP/BTG/10-11/01-Rev 2.
- Environmental clearance, India MoEF, June 1, 2012
- Form 1, India MoEF, accepted Feb 6, 2015
- Terms of reference, India MoEF, Apr 27, 2015
- "Adani Power in talks with Welspun Group to buy power plants," Economic Times, October 7, 2015
- Sarita Singh and Arijit Barman, "Tata Power acquires Welspun Energy's renewable assets for Rs 10,000 crore," Economic Times, June 13, 2016
- Siddharth Ranjan Das, "Madhya Pradesh land row: Farmers sit on pyres, threaten mass suicide," NDTV, November 19, 2012
- "Katni: Protests intensify against proposed power project, police resort to lathicharge," NDTV.com, November 16, 2012
- "MP: woman commits suicide to protest against land acquisition for power plant," IBNLive, November 16, 2012
- "Madhya Pradesh land row: Farmers sit on pyres, threaten mass suicide" Siddharth Ranjan Das, NDTV, November 19, 2012.
- “Katni power project hits a roadblock as protest intensifies”, The Times of India, October 23, 2012.
- “Jinxed start for Katni’s thermal power plant”, Times of India, June 16, 2013.
- “Farmers protest against forced land acquisition in Bujbuja village, Madhya Pradesh”, Sabrang India, January 18, 2016.