Kincaid Generating Station

From Global Energy Monitor

Kincaid Generating Station is a 1,319.0-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station owned and operated by Dynegy Kincaid Generation near Kincaid, Illinois.


The undated satellite photo below shows the power station in Kincaid, Illinois.

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Plant Data

  • Owner: Dynegy Kincaid Generation
  • Parent Company: Vistra Energy
  • Plant Nameplate Capacity: 1,319.0 MW (Megawatts)
  • Units and In-Service Dates: Unit 1: 659.5 MW (1967), Unit 2: 659.5 MW (1968)
  • Location: West Route 104, Kincaid, IL 62540
  • GPS Coordinates: 39.592163, -89.497214
  • Coal Consumption:
  • Coal Source:
  • Number of Employees:
  • Unit Retirement: Both units will retire before the end of 2027.[1]

Unit Retirement

In September 2020, Vistra Energy said the Kincaid power station would fully retire by the end of 2027.[2]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 6,262,471 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions: 13,692 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions: 11,812 tons
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions: 400 lb.

Clean Air Act violations

On April 1, 2013, Dominion agreed to pay a $3.4 million civil penalty and spend $9.75 million on environmental mitigation projects to resolve Clean Air Act violations at coal-fired power plants in three states. The affected power plants are the Kincaid Generating Station in Kincaid, Illinois, the State Line Plant in State Line, Indiana, and the Brayton Point Station in Somerset, Massachusetts. Under the settlement, Dominion must install or upgrade pollution control technology on two plants, and permanently retire the State Line plant. The EPA said the settlement will result in reductions of nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter by more than 70,000 tons per year.[3]

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Kincaid

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[4] Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[5]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Kincaid Generating Station

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 43 $320,000,000
Heart attacks 67 $7,300,000
Asthma attacks 740 $38,000
Hospital admissions 31 $730,000
Chronic bronchitis 27 $12,000,000
Asthma ER visits 46 $17,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed March 2011

Coal waste Site

Kincaid ranked 80th on list of most polluting power plants in terms of coal waste

In January 2009, Sue Sturgis of the Institute of Southern Studies compiled a list of the 100 most polluting coal plants in the United States in terms of coal combustion waste (CCW) stored in surface impoundments like the one involved in the TVA Kingston Fossil Plant coal ash spill.[6] The data came from the EPA's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) for 2006, the most recent year available.[7]

Kincaid Generating Station ranked number 80 on the list, with 355,108 pounds of coal combustion waste released to surface impoundments in 2006.[6]

Articles and Resources


  1. "Vistra to retire 6.8 GW coal, blaming 'irreparably dysfunctional MISO market", September 30, 2020
  2. "Sierra Club Calls for State Transition Planning as Vistra Announces Coal Retirements in Illinois, Ohio". Sierra Club. 2020-09-29. Retrieved 2020-10-01.
  3. "Dominion Energy Must Pay $14 Million for Air Pollution," ENS, April 1, 2013.
  4. "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
  5. "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010
  6. 6.0 6.1 Sue Sturgis, "Coal's ticking timebomb: Could disaster strike a coal ash dump near you?," Institute for Southern Studies, January 4, 2009.
  7. TRI Explorer, EPA, accessed January 2009.

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