Kirazlıdere power complex

From Global Energy Monitor

Kirazlıdere power complex (also known as the Filiz Kirazlidere Power Generation) is a proposed 2-unit, 1,600-megawatt (MW) (2 x 800MW) coal-fired power complex proposed for Çanakkale province, Turkey.[1]

Location

The satellite photo below shows the approximate plant's site, which is near Güreci village, Lapseki district, Çanakkale province.

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Background on Plant

Kirazlıdere power complex is owned by Filiz Enerji which is now a subsidiary of Yıldırım Group.[2] Its permitting and company partnership process followed a similar pathway as Karaburun power station proposed for Çanakkale province by Sarıkaya Enerji. Both companies became subsidiaries of Yıldırım Group in 2013.[3] There are also some references that both Sarıkaya Energy and Filiz Energy companies used to be owned by Doğtaş, a subsidiary of Doğanlar Holding, before 2013.[4][5] Both of their environmental permission processes were started before 2013, as there used to be some references that Kirazlıdere power complex received the generation license for the 1st unit in 2010[6] and for the 2nd unit in 2012,[7] but these licenses are not currently accessible (December 2019 update). The information below is based on the latest accessible references and updated capacities.

Environmental permission processes for two units of Kirazlıdere power complex started individually in 2012; for the first unit, the EIA report was submitted on 14th September 2012,[8] and for the second unit an EIA application file (a pre-EIA report file) was submitted on 28th September 2012.[9] "EIA positive decisions" were given to the first unit (600MW) on 14th February 2013,[10] and to the second unit (660MW) on 14th June 2013.[10] A generation license was given to the first unit on 7th March 2013,[11] and a pre-generation license was given to the second unit on 3rd March 2014.[12] In 2015, EMRA combined individual generation licenses for both units and announced it as 1,260 MW (600MW + 660MW).[1] EIA positive decisions for the first unit were cancelled on December 2014 after legal cases.[13] New EIA reports for the first and the second units received positive decisions individually on 5th May 2015.[1]

At the end of 2015, after COP21 in Paris, the company decided to change the technology from ultra-critical to ultra-supercritical to meet the international finance and credit requirements of E.C.A. - Export Credit Agency that resulted in the capacity increase from 1,260 MW to 1,600 MW (2 units x 800MW).[1] As this capacity increase requires the revision of filtration systems, fill-area and cooling water, the new EIA process started in 2016.[1] The permitting process was paused for 2 months in April 2017 after the board of inspection and survey meeting as the company was requested to complete the missing parts in the air pollution modeling.[14] On 18th August 2017, another board of inspection and survey meeting was held, where many NGOs objected on health grounds and claimed that emissions from the plant would exceed new EU limits.[15] Legal cases against the new EIA report were dismissed, on 3rd October 2017 the final EIA report for unit 1 and unit 2 combined, with 1,600 MW total capacity, was accepted.[16] However, the generation license is valid for 1,260 MW.[11] Energy China announced that it had signed an Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) contract for the power station in January 2021.[17]

Environmental Impact

Environment and health groups claimed that emissions from the plant would exceed new EU limits[18] and called for a cumulative air pollution assessment.[19]

Coal

Coal for the plant will be provided by YIlliak A.Ş., a Yıldırım Group company, from the YCCX coal mine company in Colombia. It will be shipped with a Newcastlemax ship capable of carrying 200,000 tons of freight at Yıldırım Shipping Inc., a Yıldırım Group company.[20]

Opposition

On April 17, 2013, the Institute for Energy Economics and the Rational Use of Energy (IER) released a report on the estimated health risks caused by coal plants in Europe, including the Kirazlidere plant in Turkey.[21]

In May 2017, civil society organizations protested against the Kirazlidere coal plant in order to protect public health from air pollution. One private citizen expressed concern over how “our air is already dirty, it will be more polluted with power plants.” A representative from the Kazdagi Natural and Culture Heritage Association also accused the investor of Kirazlidere, Yildirim Holding, for “creating a misleading perception as if there is clean and harmless coal in the public.”[22]

It was reported in April 2017 that civil society representatives believe the air pollution modeling in the EIA for the Kirazlidere plant was incomplete and inaccurate. Citizens and non-governmental organizations are determined to ensure that the Kirazlidere plant is not made.[23]

On April 20, 2017, a petition against the Kirazlidere Power Plant was started on change.org. The description of the petition said, “We do not want expensive and dirty energy projects that will make us dependent on imported coal.”[24]

In February 2019, the Air Pollution & Climate Secretariat (AirClim) published a report by Fredrik Lundberg, an energy policy specialist in Sweden. He urged for the stop of production of coal power plants, including the Kirazlidere plant.[25]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Filiz Enerji (Filiz Kirazlıdere Enerji Üretim A.Ş.)
  • Parent company: Yıldırım Group
  • Location: Güreci village, Lapseki district, Çanakkale province, Turkey
  • Coordinates: 40.38227, 26.99455 (exact)
  • Status: Permitted
  • Detailed status:
  • Gross capacity: 1600 MW (2 x 800 MW)[1]
  • Type: Ultra-supercritical[1]
  • Projected in service: 2021
  • Coal source: Columbia[20]
  • Source of financing:

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Kirazlıdere 2016 EIA report, Ministry of Environment and Urbanism online EIA database, July 2016.
  2. HAKKIMIZDA, Filiz Enerji website, accessed Feb. 2018.
  3. Tarihçe, Yıldırım Holding website, accessed Dec. 2019.
  4. Doğtaş, Çanakkale'de iki ithal kömür santrali kuracak, Enerji Günlüğü, July 3, 2013.
  5. Sektör:Enerji, Çınar Mühendislik website, accessed Dec. 2019.
  6. Detaylar: Kirazlıdere Termik Santralı, EPDK website, accessed Apr. 2014.
  7. Detaylar: Kirazlıdere-2 Termik Santralı, EPDK website, accessed Apr. 2014.
  8. Çed Duyurusu, Çanakkale Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanism, Sep. 14, 2012.
  9. Çed Süreci Başlama Duyurusu, Çanakkale Provincial Directorate of Environment and Urbanism, Sep. 28, 2012.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Lisans ve İzinler, Filiz Enerji, accessed December.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Kirazlidere Generation Licence: EÜ/4301-5/02545, EMRA Licence website, accessed December 2019.
  12. Kirazlidere-2 Pre-Generation Licence:03.04.2014, EMRA Pre-Licence website, accessed December 2019.
  13. Kirazlıdere Termik Santrali Entegre Projesi “ÇED Olumlu Kararı” İptal Edildi Çanakkaleİçinde, Dec.1, 2014
  14. Kirazlıdere Termik Santrali durduruldu, Aydınlık, April 28, 2017.
  15. 17 sivil toplum kuruluşu itiraz etti: “Kirazlıdere Termik Santrali ölüm saçacak”, Sözcü, Aug. 18, 2017.
  16. Türkiye'de İklim Koruma Davaları-2016, Ekoloji Kollektifi, March 2017.
  17. 中国能建签署土耳其菲力兹2×660兆瓦超超临界燃煤电站项目EPC合同, Sina, Jan. 5, 2021
  18. Kirazlidere IDK Dilekçesi, Right to Clean Air Platform-Turkey, Aug. 18, 2017
  19. Yıldırım Holding'e "Çanakkale'nin Havasını Bozma" Çağrısı, Bianet, May. 24, 2017.
  20. 20.0 20.1 TEMİZ KÖMÜRLÜ SÜPER VERİMLİ VE ÇEVRECİ SANTRAL PROJESİ, Filiz Enerji website, accessed June 2018.
  21. “Estimating Health Risks caused by Emissions of Air Pollutants from Coal Fired Power Plants in Europe”, Greenpeace, April 17, 2013.
  22. “Holding the Air of Çanakkale”, Bianet, Translated by Google, May 24, 2017.
  23. “People pressed for Çanakkale Kirazlidere Thermal Power Plant Not Approved!”, 350 Turkey, Translated by Google, April 27, 2017.
  24. “Imported coal-fired power plant projects in Karabiga do not stop”, Canakkale TEMA, April 20, 2017.
  25. “Phasing out coal in Europe by 2025”, AirClim, Feburary 2019.

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

NO2 and SO2 emissions (Turkish)