Koradi Thermal Power Station

From Global Energy Monitor

Koradi Thermal Power Station is a 2,400-megawatt power station in Maharashtra, India.

An additional 1,320 MW has been proposed.


The power station is located at Koradi in Nagpur district of Maharashtra state, India. The satellite photo below shows the three new units of the plant. The existing plant is adjacent to the new units toward the north.

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Background on now retired plant

The power station is owned by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company (MSPGCL), a Maharashtra government-owned company. The first four units of 105MW each were commissioned from 1974 to 1976 and retired in 2010.[1][2] Unit 5 of 200 MW was commissioned in 1978 and retired in March 2017.[3]

Units 6-7 are 210MW each, commissioned in 1982-1983. They are still operating as of 2017.[2]

Units 8-10

In 2013 MSPGCL stated on its website that the addition of 1,980MW at the Koradi Thermal Power Station was under construction. The expansion would comprise three 660MW units referred to as Units 8, 9 and 10.[4][5][6][7]

Unit 8 completed a trial run in May 2015.[8] According to the Ministry of Energy, unit 8 commissioned on March 30, 2015.[9]

Unit 9 was commissioned in March 2016.[10]

Unit 10 was commissioned in December 2016.[11]

Units 11-12

On May 21, 2019, Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited (Mahagenco) applied for a 2 x 660 MW expansion at the power station, to be built at the site of the retired units 1-5.[12]

In December 2019, EAC refused to grant clearance for the plant expansion, citing failure to install flue gas desulphuriser (FGD) at the existing units to control pollution.[13]

In June 2020 it was reported the the state cabinet decided to defer the planned expansion, due to revenue shortfall and public opposition. Additionally, the failure of Mahagenco to install pollution controls on the existing Koradi units was making it difficult for the company to secure permits for the expansion.[14]

Shortly after the June 2020 announcement, and despite the Union environment ministry citing Mahagenco for pollution non-compliances, the expert appraisal committee (EAC) of the ministry granted terms of reference (TOR) for environmental clearance of the proposed expansion.[13]

Coal linkage

The proposed new units do not have a long-term coal linkage. In April 2015 Western Coalfields Limited agreed to supply coal to one of the new Koradi units on temporary basis until it gets a permanent linkage.[15]

Air pollution

In April 2017 it was reported that the three new 660 MW units at the Koradi plant exceeded sulphur dioxide pollution limits set by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change by over five times. Data supplied by Maharashtra State Power Generation Company to the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) for the units initially claimed the plants met standards, even though they have not been fitted with flue gas desulphurisation units. The discrepancy, which was revealed by a local activist, prompted Modi to demand an investigation. However, as of the time of the reporting the MPCB has taken no enforcement action.[16]


In September 2011, the National Green Tribunal asked the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) to assess the supposed radiation caused by power plants, such as the Koradi power plant. The order was prompted by residents of Kordai town near Nagpu in Maharashtra opposing the expansion of the Koradi power plant. They were worried about the increased radiation from thermal power plants, like Koradi.[17]

The Bengaluru-based start-up, Jhatkaa.org, launched an online petition against the expansion of the Koradi Thermal Power Station (KTPS). The petition is titled,“Scrap the Koradi power unit expansion,” and addressed to the state chief minister, Devendra Fadnavis, and energy minister, Chandrashekhar Bawankule. The petition highlights how there is a water crisis that would be exacerbated by the expansion of KTPS. The organizer wants the petition to reach more public exposure.[18]

On July 18, 2019, protestors voiced opposition against the KTPS expansion, claiming that pollution from KTPS would “sound a death knell for the city.” The protestors included 35 environmental organizations and individuals, such as the Vidarbha Environmental Action Group (VEAG).[19]

Project Details for units 8-12

Sponsor: Maharashtra State Power Generation Company (MSPGCL)
Location: Koradi village, Nagpur district, Maharashtra
Coordinates: 21.2359824, 79.0919495 (exact)
Status: Operating (Units 8-10), Cancelled (Units 11-12)
Capacity: 3,300 MW (Units 8-12: 660 MW)
Type: Supercritical
Start year: 2015 (Unit 8), 2016 (Units 9-10)
Coal Type:
Coal Source:
Source of financing:
Permits and applications: Environmental Clearance for units 8, 9 & 10, India MoEF, January 4, 2010



  1. "Koradi Thermal Power Station". Government of Maharashtra. Maharashtra State Power Generation Company Limited. Archived from the original on 7 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-05. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Maharashtra State Power Generation Company, "Installed Capacity", Maharashtra State Power Generation Company website, accessed November 2017
  3. "Replacement of Old & inefficient thermal units by supercritical units- Decommissioning & retirement of Mahagenco's 200MW Unit 5 of Koradi TPS" (PDF). Central Electricity Authority. 21 Apr 2017.
  4. "Ongoing Projects," Mahagenco website, accessed October 2013
  5. "Ninth unit of Koradi power plant becomes functional," Nagpur Today, Jan 17, 2015
  6. Broad Status Report, India Central Electrical Authority, February 2015
  7. "Supply of coal to Power Plants," India Ministry of Power, July 23, 2015
  8. "New Koradi, Chanda power units to start soon," Times of India, May 17, 2015
  9. Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country, Central Electricity Authority, November 2015
  10. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, March 2016
  11. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, December 2016
  12. Form 1, India MoEF, May 21, 2019
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Env min issues notice to Koradi, then OKs TOR". The Times of India. 2020-06-09. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  14. "State stays Koradi plant expansion, greens rejoice | Nagpur News - Times of India". The Times of India. 2020-06-07. Retrieved 2020-06-09.
  15. Ashish Roy, "WCL to give coal for two new Genco units," Times of India, Apr 19, 2015
  16. Manka Behl, "Koradi power plant clarification reveals SO2 levels," TNN, Apr 22, 2017
  17. “Green tribunal seeks details on radiation from thermal power plants”, Down to Earth, September 27, 2011.
  18. “Online petition against Koradi power plant expansion gathers momentum”, The Economic Times India, July 27, 2019.
  19. “Nagpur: Activists oppose expansion of Koradi Thermal Power Station”, The Indian Express, July 20, 2019.

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