Kothagudem Thermal Power Station

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of India and coal.

Kothagudem Thermal Power Station is a 1,800-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Telangana, India.


The undated satellite photo below shows the power station at Paloncha in Telangana, India.

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The power station had an installed capacity of 1680 MW with 11 units.[1] It is one of the six thermal power stations of Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation (APGENCO).[2]

The plant's development took place in seven stages. According to the India Central Electricity Authority, the last unit of stage VI (U-11 of 500 MW) was "commissioned successfully (Full load)" on June 26, 2011.[3][4]

Units 3, 6, and 8 were retired in March 2019.[5] Units 1,2,4,5, and 7 were retired in 2020.[6]

Installed Capacity

Stage Unit Number Installed Capacity (MW) Date of Commissioning Status
Stage I 1 60 04-07-1966 Retired (2020)
Stage I 2 60 27-11-1966 Retired (2020)
Stage II 3 60 27-05-1967 Retired (2019)
Stage II 4 60 08-07-1967 Retired (2020)
Stage III 5 120 13-08-1974 Retired (2020)
Stage III 6 120 19-12-1974 Retired (2019)
Stage IV 7 110 10-03-1977 Retired (2020)
Stage IV 8 110 10-01-1978 Retired (2019)
Stage V 9 250 03-27-1997 Operating
Stage V 10 250 02-28-1998 Operating
Stage VI 11 500 06-26-2011 Operating
Stage VII 12 800 12-2018 Operating

Stage VII: 800 MW expansion (Unit 12)

In January 2012, it was reported that the Andhra Pradesh government has decided to utilise the vacant space at three existing coal plants to generate an additional 2,400 MW of power. The three plants are Vijayawada Thermal Power Station, the Krishnapatnam power station, and the Kothagudem Thermal Power Station, each of which would add 800 MW.[7]

Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister directed AP Genco to commence work on the three projects in February 2013.[8]

A public hearing on the proposed Unit 12 was held in July 2014. Protests were also planned.[9] Project sponsors applied for environmental clearance in February 2015, which was granted on July 16, 2015.[10] Construction work began in August 2015.[11] The new unit is planned for commercial operation in December 2017.[12]

Unit 12 was commissioned in December 2018.[13][14]

Financing for Unit 12

In August 2012,[15] the Rural Electrification Corporation agreed to provide US$57,163,322 in loans to the project.[16] The Power Finance Corporation also agreed to provide the project with loans, and Telangana State Power Generation Corporation agreed to provide a certain amount of equity to the project.[17] However, the exact amounts of these contributions are not available.

Project Details for 800 MW expansion (Stage VII, Unit 12)

Sponsor: Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation
Location: Paloncha village, Khamman district, Telangana (formerly Andhra Pradesh)
Coordinates: 17.6219, 80.69355 (exact)
Status: Operating
Capacity: 800 MW
Type: Supercritical
Start year: 2018
Coal Type:
Coal Source:
Source of financing: US$57,163,322 in debt from the Rural Electrification Corporation;[16] unspecified amount in loans from the Power Finance Corporation; unspecified amount in equity from Telangana State Power Generation Corporation[17]
Permits: Terms of reference, India MoEF, Sep 26, 2012; EIA, Sep 2014; Environmental clearance, India MoEF, July 16, 2015


  1. "Kothagudem Thermal Power Plant". Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation Ltd.
  2. "Our Power Plants," Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation, accessed January 2012.
  3. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country" Government of India Ministry of Power, February 2012.
  4. "India Central Electricity Authority Monthly Report," India Central Electricity Authority, June 2011.
  5. "Executive Summary," India CEA, March 2019
  6. Installed capacity, India CEA, March 2020
  7. "AP to increase capacity in 3 power plants," Industry Monitor, January 22, 2012
  8. "APGenco asked to begin work on 3 projects," The Hindu Business Line, Feb 15, 2013.
  9. "Public hearing today," The Hindu, July 25, 2014
  10. "Environmental clearance," India MoEF, July 16, 2015
  11. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, March 2016
  12. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, July 2016
  13. "Executive Summary on Power Sector," India Ministry of Power, December 2018
  14. "India's BHEL finishes 800MW coal-fired power unit in Kothagudem," Asian Power, January 9, 2019
  15. "Rural Electrification Corporation to extend Rs 10,873 cr loan to AP Genco". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2020-10-20.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "India's REC to arrange three power loans | News | IJGlobal". ijglobal.com. Retrieved 2020-10-20.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Telangana aims to become power surplus in two years". The Indian Express. 2015-03-22. Retrieved 2020-10-20.

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