Labuhan Angin power station

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Labuhan Angin power station is an operating power station of at least 230-megawatts (MW) in Labuhan Angin, Tapian Nauli, Central Tapanuli (Tapanuli Tengah), North Sumatra, Indonesia with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Labuhan Angin power station Labuhan Angin, Tapian Nauli, Central Tapanuli (Tapanuli Tengah), North Sumatra, Indonesia 1.7519953, 98.7305152 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 3: 1.7519953, 98.7305152
  • Unit 1, Unit 2: 1.7518502, 98.7312856

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - lignite 115 subcritical 2008
Unit 2 operating coal - lignite 115 subcritical 2008
Unit 3 cancelled coal - lignite 115 subcritical

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 PT PLN (Persero) [100.0%]
Unit 2 PT PLN (Persero) [100.0%]
Unit 3 PT PLN (Persero) [100.0%]


The two-unit, 230-MW Labuhan Angin power station began commercial operations in 2008. The plant is owned by PLN. The project was funded by the Chinese government, details of which are conflicting but mostly in the range of US$180 - US$200 million.[1][2][3][4]

Coal is received through the Labuhan Angin coal terminal.[5]

In April 2023, the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources included Labuhan Angin on a list of coal-fired power stations proposed for early retirement.[6]

In May 2024, Labuhan Angin power station had several replacement parts installed.[7]

Details of Expansion

According to Platts WEPP, had an additional 115 MW unit in the planning stage. However, there were no public reports on this project, and it appeared to be cancelled.[8]

Environmental impact

In April 2017, it was reported that pollution from the plant was causing an increase in respiratory diseases among nearby villagers and a decrease in local fish populations. The Director of the Legal Aid Consultation Institute (LKBH), Adv Parlaungan Silalahi, said these problems could be grounds for a lawsuit under Environmental Law Number 32 of 2009.[9]

In August 2018, an aerial view of the plant found the water in Sibolga Bay to be black with pollution. PT PLN Persero has argued against requirements for more waste to be transported away from the plant, which Chairman of North Sumatra DPRD Commission D Ari Wibowo said may be related to this pollution.[10]

Articles and Resources


  1. "Loan for construction of 230MW Labuhan Angin power plant (linked to #34757, #35240, #38861 and #38862)," AidData, accessed August 2015
  2. Sektor Labuhan Angin, PLN website, accessed Mar. 2015.
  3. "Introduction to Indonesia Labuhan Angin 2X115MW CFB Power Plant Project" Northwest Power Generation, September 4, 2012.
  4. "Bukit Asam Supplies Rp 157 T Worth of Coal to PLN" Ignasius Laya, Finance Today, March 27, 2013.
  5. "Indonesia," CCC First Harbor Consultants, accessed July 2015
  6. "Ministry identifies 33 coal power plants for early retirement,", April 20, 2023
  7. "Replacement Part ESP System PLTU Labuhan Angin," Anugerah Energi Pratama, May 15, 2024
  8. "World Electric Power Plants Database,", Platts, December 2014. The database is not available online but can be purchased from Platts.
  9. PLTU Labuhan Angin Tebarkan Penyakit Kepada Warga Sekitar, Pindomerdeka, April 2017
  10. DPRD Sumut Pertanyakan Limbah PLTU Labuhan Angin, Medan Bisnis Daily, Aug. 30, 2018

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.