Lamu Port-South Sudan (LAPSSET) Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Lamu Port-South Sudan (LAPSSET) Pipeline, also called the Lokichar to Lamu Crude Oil Pipeline (LLCOP), is a proposed oil pipeline in South Sudan and Kenya.
- Owner: Kenya Pipeline Company (KPC)
- Proposed capacity: 160,000 barrels per day
- Status: Proposed
- Start Year: 2021
As of 2016 Kenya is pursuing plans to link its Kenya Crude Oil Pipeline, planned for commissioning in 2021, with a new pipeline to South Sudan's oil fields, for increased oil export through Kenya's Lamu Port. The LAPSSET Corridor Program includes Kenya, Ethiopia, and South Sudan. The project consists of major highway, crude and product oil pipelines which aim to further integrate the region. Regarding South Sudan, the crude oil pipeline will connect Lamu to Isiolo to Juba.
The project itself has run into multiple difficulties regarding its partners. Uganda left the project in favor of linking its gas infrastructure with Tanzania. Similarly, Ethiopia's commitment looks precarious due to its recent partnership with Djibouti to build the Horn of Africa Pipeline. South Sudan's support remains inconclusive due not only to its internal conflict but also very low oil prices. However, Kenya seeks to continue with the massive project.
As of 2017, Total has attempted to persuade Kenya to join the Uganda and Tanzania oil project rather than continue with the LAPSSET corridor. However, Kenya Civil Society Platform on Oil and Gas's coordinator Charles Wanguhu stated that Kenya remains committed to its partnership with South Sudan.
In August 2019, LAPSSET officials met with community members in Lamu as part of the project's Environmental and Social Impact Assessment permitting process. They told community members that the project would hire more than 600 local youth. The 820km pipeline is a key element of the Lamu Port South Sudan Ethiopia Transport (LAPSSET) project being undertaken at Kililana in Lamu West. The pipeline, which will cut through Turkana, Samburu, Isiolo, Meru, Garissa and Lamu counties, will transport stabilised crude oil from the South Lokichar Basin to the Port of Lamu. At the time, LAPSSET officials stated that groundworks for the pipeline would begin before the end of 2020. Also in August, LAPSSET officials appealed to the African Union for help security the KSh 2.5 trillion, or about $25 billion, that the project would cost in total. (This project cost is equal to about 1/4 of Kenya's annual GDP, and is six times larger than South Sudan's GDP.) In January 2020 the African Union "adopted" the LAPSSET project; this adoption is apparently above all an endorsement aimed at helping the project secure foreign investment. It would seem that financing is likely the main holdup for the project.
Articles and resources
- Lamu Port-South Sudan (LAPSSET) Pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
- "Kenya woos S. Sudan after oil pipeline deal with Uganda collapses," Daily Nation, May 3 2016
- What is the LAPPSET Corridor Program?, LAPPSET, accessed September 2017
- Vincent Achuka, Kenya to soldier on even as partners in Lapsset pull out, Daily Nation, accessed March 6, 2016
- Kennedy Senelwa, Kenya: Decision on Pipeline Route Could Strain Kenya, Total Relations, The East African, September 19, 2017
- Cheti Praxides, Lokichar-Lamu pipeline to employ 600 youths, The Star, August 10, 2019.
- Kenya seeks financial support for LAPSSET project from African Union, Logistics Update Africa, 19 Aug. 2019.
- Anthony Kitimo, Lapsset project adopted by AU in move to boost continent’s free trade area, The East African, 19 Jan. 2020.