Lanco Amarkantak Thermal Power Project

From Global Energy Monitor

Lanco Amarkantak Thermal Power Project is an existing 600-megawatt (MW) coal fired plant in Chhattisgarh, India.

Two additional units of 660 MW each were under construction at the same location, but were on hold pending National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) insolvency proceedings.


The satellite photo below shows the project in Pathadi village, Korba district. Planet satellite imagery from March 2018 confirms that the project remains on hold.[1]

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Stage I of the plant, which is owned by Lanco, comprises two 300 megawatt generating units commissioned in 2009 and 2010.[2][3][4]

Lanco sought and gained part funding for the project from the International Finance Corporation.[5]

Proposed expansion

In 2015, two additional units of 660 each were under construction, bringing the power station's proposed final capacity to 1,920 MW.[6][7]

The India government projected the new units would be commissioned in 2017-2018.[8][9]

Corporate insolvency

According to the Broad Status Report as of October 2016, "Presently no work is going at the site due to financial problems." The report also noted that land acquisition of land for water system was delayed, and that the schedule of implementation would be reassessed once work resumed.[10]

In September 2019, the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) allowed Axis Bank to start bankruptcy proceedings against Lanco Amarkantak Power after it defaulted on loans. The company owed banks almost Rs 12,000 crore. Attempts to resolve the default under previous schemes such as corporate debt restructuring failed. The tribunal had ordered liquidation of Lanco group parent, Lanco Infratech, last year after banks failed to agree on a resolution plan for the company during its insolvency proceedings. The parent company alone owed banks in excess of Rs 45,000 crore.[11]

In 2021, government documents noted the following about the project: "Admitted to NCLT on 05.09.2019; Resolution Plan being considered."[12]

In December 2021, lenders selected Vedanta's offer of ₹2,800 crore for a financially-stressed Lanco power unit, to put to a vote after its offer was declared higher than that of rival bidder iLabs Group. Vedanta and iLabs Group were the only two bidders.[13]

However, in January 2022, lenders rejected Vedanta's offer for Lanco. Lenders were reportedly evaluating options including inviting fresh bids. They felt the valuation offered by Vedanta was low considering the company owned other plants.[14]

Lanco Amarkantak Power Ltd's Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process website detailed the status of units 3 & 4.[15]

In February and March 2022, it was reported that Reliance Industries was planning to make a foray into coal-based power generation by submitting an application to acquire bankrupt Lanco’s Amarkantak unit. RIL had earlier made an announcement to get into the renewable power generation business by investing $10 billion in three years but its bid for a coal-based power plant was considered as deviation from its green energy policy.[16]

In November 2022, it was reported that Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL) and Adani Enterprises were set to compete for an auction to purchase Lanco Amarkantak Power. According to a report in the Economic Times, the Reliance vs Adani competition for Lanco unit auction was possibly the first time that the country’s biggest corporate houses would pit against each other for an asset. A consortium of Power Finance Corp. (PFC) and REC Ltd. would also be part of the auction.[17]

In December, it was reported that if the deal went ahead, SJVN Ltd could be the majority shareholder in Lanco Amarkantak with 40%, while DVC could own a 10% stake, and PFC and REC could continue to hold 25% each.[18]

However, in December 2022, a voting deadline was also extended until January 2023 amid a legal battle among creditors over the distribution of proceeds.[19]

In January 2023, the PFC-REC team received 95% of lender votes by value of debt, while Adani Power secured 17%. Reliance Industries, the third bidder in the fray, did not receive any votes. (The voting percentages need not total up to 100 as lenders could vote for one offer, an alternative, or all of the options on the table.)[20] The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) was expected to hear minority lenders’ appeal on January 18. Even as lenders had voted on the plans, the resolution of the company would conclude only after the tribunal decided on distribution of proceeds.


China Development Bank gave US$200 million Buyers’ Credit for units 3 & 4 (1320 MW) of Lanco Amarkantak Thermal Power Project, the 1320 MW Babandh power station, and the 1320 MW Vidarbha thermal power station being developed by Lanco Group.[21]


The Forest Peoples Programme review on the Lanco Amarkantrak power plant revealed that since 2008, there was no evidence of “genuine broad community support for the project.” Protests and petitions occurred against the LAPPL over employment provisions.[22]

In October 2011, protests from the local villagers occurred against the Lanco Amarkantak power plant because they believe the company in charge, LAPPL, has shown indifference to environmental concerns. A hearing over the power plant was cancelled as a result of these protests. LAPPL has refuted these claims, stating that it was defamation.[23]

In January 7, 2012, violent protests erupted at the public hearing held for the expansion of the Lanco Amarkantak power plant by the Lanco Amarkantak Power Private Limited (LAPPL) company in the town of Korba. The protestors had pelted stones and tried to get into the hearing. The police prevented them and dispersed villagers with lathi-charge and lobbed tear gas shells.[24]


Stage I:

  • Unit 1 - 300 MW - 2009
  • Unit 2 - 300 MW - 2010

Stage II:

  • Unit 3 - 660 MW
  • Unit 4 - 660 MW

Project Details for Stage II Expansion

Parent: Power Finance Corporation; REC Ltd
Location: Pathadi village, Korba district, Chhattisgarh
Coordinates: 22.2420932, 82.7247334 (exact)
Status: Construction
Capacity: 1320 MW (Units 3-4: 660 MW)
Type: Supercritical
Projected in service: 2017-2018
Coal Type:
Coal Source:
Estimated annual CO2: 7,806,085 tons
Source of financing: China Development Bank
Permits: Environmental Clearance extension for unit 4, India MoEF, June 22, 2015

Contact details

Village-Pathadi, P.O-Tilkeja,
Korba 495 674 Chhattisgarh, India
Phone No. +91-7759-279 938/ 915

Articles and Resources


  1. Planet slider comparison February - March 2018, retrieved May 2, 2018
  2. Lanco, "Amarkantak Power Project", Lanco website, accessed February 2012
  4. Lanco Amarkantak (Pathadi) Coal Power Plant India, Global Energy Observatory, accessed December 2011
  5. "Lanco Amarkantak Thermal Power Station: Summary of Proposed Investment," International Finance Corporation website, accessed February 2012
  6. "Lanco Amarkantak Power Ltd,", Lanco website, accessed September 2015
  7. "Coal-Fired Plants Financed by International Public Investment Institutions Since 1994", Appendix to Foreclosing the Future: Coal, Climate and International Public Finance: Investment in coal-fired power plants hinders the fight against global warming, Environmental Defense, April 2009
  8. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," India CEA, November 2015
  9. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," India CEA, July 2016
  10. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, October 2016
  11. "NCLT okays start of Lanco Amarkantak bankruptcy process," The Economic Times, September 14, 2019
  12. “Broad Status Report,” Thermal Project Monitoring Division , Central Electricity Authority, November 2021
  13. "Lenders to vote on Vedanta's ₹2,800 crore offer for Lanco unit," The Economic Times, December 24, 2021
  14. "Lenders reject Rs 2,800-crore Vedanta offer for Lanco unit," The Economic Times, January 12, 2022
  15. "Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process of LAPL," Lanco Amarkantak Power Ltd, accessed January 2022
  16. "RIL, Adani Power, BPCL, Oil India, Glaxosmithkline Pharma, Voltas, Yasho Industries stocks in focus," Financial Express, March 17, 2022
  17. "Reliance And Adani Set To Compete At Lanco Amarkantak Power Auction: Report," Outlook India, November 23, 2022
  18. "Indian state-run power companies close to buying Lanco asset for $365 mln," Reuters, December 13, 2022
  19. "Lanco Amarkantak resolution voting extended till Jan 7 with Adani, RIL, PFC-REC in fray," December 31, 2022
  20. "Lenders pick PFC-REC offer for Lanco Amarkantak Power," Economic Times, January 10, 2023
  21. "Lanco Infratech to raise US$2 billion from Chinese banks and FIs for power projects," Lanco press release, Nov 26, 2012
  22. “Sustainable development or business as usual?”, Forest Peoples Programme, September 2008.
  23. “Power project’s expansion plan hits green hurdle”, Hindustan Times, October 31, 2011.
  24. “Chhattisgarh: Violence and chaos at Lanco’s expansion plan meet”, Hindustan Times, January 7, 2012.

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