Langeled Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Langeled Gas Pipeline is an operating natural gas pipeline.
The pipeline runs from Nyhamna, Aukra, Norway to Easington, United Kingdom.
- Operator: Gassco
- Parent Company: Gassled
- Current capacity: 25.5 billion cubic meters per year
- Proposed capacity:
- Length: 725 miles / 1,166 kilometers
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 2006
The Langeled pipeline (originally known as Britpipe) is an underwater pipeline transporting Norwegian natural gas to the United Kingdom. Before the completion of the Nord Stream pipeline, it was the longest subsea pipeline in the world.
The project was launched under the original name Britpipe. In October 2003, Royal Dutch Shell, ExxonMobil and Statoil signed agreements to supply natural gas through the Britpipe. The pipeline's construction began in 2004. The largest part of the pipeline was installed by Acergy Piper, a pipe-laying ship of Acergy. Other pipe-laying ships, which were used, are Solitaire (ship) of Allseas, and Saipem 7000 of Saipem.
The pipeline was opened in two stages. The southern section (Sleipner Riser platform to Easington, East Riding of Yorkshire, began piping gas on 1 October 2006, and the northern section (Nyhamna to Sleipner Riser) opened in October 2007. The official opening of the project was held in London on 16 October 2006 by then-Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair and his Norwegian counterpart, Jens Stoltenberg.
The pipeline runs 1,166 km through the North Sea from the Nyhamna terminal in Norway via the Sleipner Riser platform in the North Sea to Easington Gas Terminal in England. The pipeline is designated to bring natural gas from the Ormen Lange gas process terminal to the UK, but through the connector at Sleipner Riser it provides also an opportunity to send gas through Gassco's existing network to continental Europe.
The annual capacity of the Langeled pipeline is 25.5 billion cubic meters per year. That equates to some 20% of Britain's peak gas demand. .
The Langeled pipeline supplements the Vesterled system with annual capacity about 12 bcm, which runs from Heimdal Riser platform in the North Sea to St. Fergus in Scotland.
The project cost £1.7 billion.
Nyhamna-Sleipner Riser section
The Nyhamna-Sleipner Riser leg has a diameter of 1067 mm (42 in) and can operate with a pressure of 250 bar.
Hub at Sleipner Riser
At Sleipner Riser the Langeled has a connection to the existing Gassled transport system.
Sleipner Riser-Easington section
The Sleipner Riser-Easington leg has a diameter of 1118 mm (48 in), which makes it the largest submarine pipeline in the North Sea. Its pressure is 155 bar.
Ownership and operation
The owner of the Langeled pipeline is Gassled. The operator for Langeled is Gassco and technical service provider is Statoil. Statoil also runs the gas export project. The principal funding of the project was provided by the syndicated loan structured by ABN AMRO and mainly subscribed by several banks, among them Barclays Bank, Royal Bank of Scotland, and Defoe Fournier & Cie.
Articles and resources
- Langeled pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
- Moskwa, Wojciech (2007-09-13). "Norway's Ormen Lange gas starts flowing to Britain". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Nord Stream Passes Ships and Bombs". The Moscow Times. Bloomberg. 2011-05-05. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
- "UK signs Norway gas deal". BBC News. 2003-10-03. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
- "Gas pipeline to begin operations". BBC. 2006-09-30. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Acergy Completes Langeled Ahead of Schedule". Downstream Today. 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Langeled Pipeline to be Completed Below Budget". Downstream Today. 2006-08-23. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Matthew Tempest; Hilary Osborne (2006-10-16). "Blair opens new gas pipeline". Guardian. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- Rita Tubb (2007-05-03). "Rust-proofing the World's Longest Subsea Pipeline". Downstream Today. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
- "Statoil to Provide Technical Services to Langeled Pipeline System". Downstream Today. 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
Related GEM.wiki articles
Wikipedia also has an article on Langeled Gas Pipeline (Langeled pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].