Maasvlakte Power Station (Riverstone Holdings)

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Maasvlakte Power Station (Riverstone Holdings) is an operating power station of at least 800-megawatts (MW) in Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands. It is also known as Maasvlakte GDF and Missouriweg 1.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Maasvlakte Power Station (Riverstone Holdings) Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands 51.9439, 4.0717 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1: 51.9439441, 4.0717328

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - bituminous 800 MW ultra-supercritical - -

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner Parent
Unit 1 Onyx Power Riverstone Holdings LLC

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source: Imported


The power station was proposed by Engie (formerly known as GDF Suez). It was expected to have an installed capacity of 800 MW and run on coal and biomass. The notional commissioning date was 2011 or 2012. It was a part of a 3,500 MW generation plan by the company which was expected to cost 3.5 billion euros. The project was approved in December 2007 and was proposed to be run on up to 80% biomass.[1]

Electrabel began construction of the plant in 2009, with a schedule of completion by 2013.[2][3][4]

In October 2014, it was reported that the power station was still undergoing testing, after missing a number of deadlines for commissioning.[5]

According to GDF Suez (now Engie), the plant went online in 2014.[6][7][8] However, according to local news reports, the plant began operating in 2015.[9]

In 2019, Engie sold its Dutch and German coal fired power plants to Riverstone Holdings who put the 4 power plants into a newly created subsidiary called Onyx Power who will operate the plants.[10][11]

Coal retirement plans

The power plant has to shut down or switch to alternative fuel before the end of 2030.[12]

In December 2020, it was reported that, following a call for proposals launched by the Dutch government, Onyx Power had applied to receive a subsidy of €238 million in exchange for closing the power plant.[13]

As of November 2021, Riverstone was expected to receive almost the entire amount: a maximum of 212.5 million euros. However, the process required approval from the European Commission, which must determine whether there is no unauthorized state aid when the subsidy amount is paid out (the subsidy awarded may not exceed the expected lost income). If the necessary approval is received, the Onyx power station is expected to stop using coal "within two months" (in 2022).[14]

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Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.