Minnesota Pipeline System
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Minnesota Pipeline System (MPL) is an oil pipeline in Minnesota, the United States.
The pipeline runs from Clearbrook, Minnesota, to Twin Cities refineries in Saint Paul Park and Rosemount, Minnesota.
- Operator: Koch Industries
- Owner: Minnesota Pipe Line Company
- Current capacity: 465,000 barrels per day
- Length: 490 kilometers (305 miles)
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1950-70s (lines 1-3), 2008 (line 4)
The Minnesota Pipe Line (MPL) is a crude oil pipeline that runs from Clearbrook, Minnesota southward to the Twin Cities. The State of Minnesota approved the building permit in 2007 and construction began that year and ended in 2008. It is owned by Minnesota Pipe Line Company, LLC (MPL) and is operated by Koch Industries.
The MPL system has four lines and can transport about 465,000 barrels of crude oil per day. The first pipeline in the MPL system was established in the 1950s, and the last pipeline was constructed in 2008. The crude oil comes from North American sources including Canada and North Dakota and is delivered to refineries in St. Paul Park and Rosemount, Minnesota. MPL is the primary pipeline system that supplies crude oil to the two Twin Cities refineries.
Route and capacity
All four of the Minnesota Pipe Line Co. lines begin at the Clearbrook terminal, and is largely supplied by Enbridge Energy's pipeline system that carries crude from North dakota and Alberta, Canada. The Minnesota Pipeline System splits into two parts at a junction in Cottage Grove, Minnesota. One branch serves the Pine Bend Refinery owned by Flint Hills Resources (another Koch subsidiary) in Rosemount. The other portion of the line runs to Northern Tier Energy's St. Paul Park Refinery in St. Paul Park, Minnesota. There is a connection at the Pine Bend Refinery to the Wood River Pipeline, which carries crude oil from the St. Louis, Missouri area to Minnesota.
In 2008 Minnesota Pipe Line completed a parallel 24-inch (610 mm) line to expand the pipeline capacity from Clearbrook to the Twin Cities by 165,000 barrels per day (26,200 m3/d) with ultimate potential expansion to 350,000 barrels per day (56,000 m3/d).
In 2014 Minnesota Pipe Line said it will more than double the capacity of Line 4 to 350,000 barrels per day by adding six pump stations along the 295-mile route.
Minnesota Pipe Line system
|Pipeline||Start||End||Length (miles)||Capacity (bbl/day)||Size (inches)||Materials carried||Year created||Remarks|
|Line 1||Clearbrook||St. Paul Park||256||16||1954|
|Line 2||Clearbrook||St. Paul Park||256||1970s|
|Line 3||Clearbrook||St. Paul Park||256||1980s|
Articles and resources
- Minnesota Pipeline System, Wikipedia, accessed September 2017
- State of Minnesota, Department of Administration. Project: Minncan Project--Minnesota Pipe Line Company
- Minnesota Pipe Line Company. "About". Retrieved 22 August 2013.
- "About," Minnesota Pipe Line Company, LLC, accessed Sep 2017
- Eleff, Bob (June 2013). "Minnesota's Petroleum Infrastructure: Pipelines, Refineries, Terminals" (PDF). Research Department, Minnesota House of Representatives. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
- "Crude oil pipeline to Twin Cities to get $125M upgrade," Star Tribune, June 12, 2014