Monfalcone power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Monfalcone power station is a 336-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Monfalcone, Gorizia, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy.


The undated satellite photo below shows the plant, which is near Monfalcone, Gorizia.

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The A2A Monfalcone plant has been operating since 1965, when the first 165 MW coal-fired unit came online. An additional 171 MW coal-fired unit was added in 1970, followed by two 320 MW units powered by fuel oil in 1983 and 1984.[1][2][3]

Conversion plans

In 2021, A2A announced that they would be decommissioning the coal units by 2022 and replacing them with combined-cycle natural gas units, with a hydrogen fuel mix.[4]

The project was given a favorable decree by the Ministero Della Transizione Ecologica in September 2021.[5][6]

At the same time, the coal plant appears to be authorized for operation by the Integrated Environmental Authorization of March 24, 2009 (AIA then updated to take into account the commissioning of the new DeNOx, as well as the demolition of the fuel oil tanks), which is valid until March 2025. In agreement with the strategic lines of the Regional Energy Plan approved by the FVG Region (June 2015), the manager was undertaking the site reconversion plan "which includes a gradual decrease in the use of coal as a primary fuel for the production of electricity and its replacement with alternative energy sources to be identified within the renewable energy sector" (Google Translate).[7]

Though originally slated for retirement in 2022, the plant's life was extended in light of the war in Ukraine.[8]

Proposed unit

In November 2012, three months prior to the scheduled dismantling of Monfalcone's two fuel oil units, representatives of plant operator A2A presented Monfalcone's city government with a preliminary study for a new, more efficient 340 MW coal-fired plant to replace the plant's two original units. A2A estimated that the new plant would operate at an average efficiency of 46% and would produce 80% fewer emissions than the current coal-fired units. The company stressed that the plan was still in its preliminary stages, with many technical and financial details still to be worked out. Once initiated, the project was expected to be completed within five years.[9]

The company also proposed replacing the fuel units with a natural gas plant, to run alongside the existing coal unit.[2]

As of 2016, coal plans appeared deferred or abandoned.


During the 2012 meeting between A2A and the city council, protestors outside Monfalcone's city hall held up signs reading "Coal is never clean".[9]

Following meetings in 2020 about converting the site to a gas plant there was local opposition to the continued use of fossil fuels.[10]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: A2A[11]
  • Parent company: Comune di Milano (28%), Comune di Brescia (28%), Alpiq Holding AG (5%), Carlo Tassara SpA (3%)
  • Location: Monfalcone, Gorizia, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy
  • Coordinates: 45.7979, 13.5455 (exact)
  • Gross generating capacity (operating):
    • Unit 1: Coal-fired, 165 MW[12] (start-up in 1965, projected retirement in 2022-2025)
    • Unit 2: Coal-fired, 171 MW[12] (start-up in 1970, projected retirement in 2022-2025)
  • Gross generating capacity (pre-construction): 850 MW
    • Unit CC1: Gas and hydrogen-fired[6] combined-cycle[6], 860 MW[13] (start-up in 2024)[4]
  • Gross generating capacity (retired):
    • Unit 3: Fuel oil-fired, 320 MW
    • Unit 4: Fuel oil-fired, 320 MW
  • Gross generating capacity (presumed cancelled):
    • Unit 5: Coal-fired, 340 MW
  • Coal Type: Hard coal

Articles and resources


  1. "A2A Monfalcone Coal Power Plant Italy,", Global Energy Observatory website, accessed April 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Monfalcone Thermoelectric Plant,", A2A website, accessed April 2014.
  3. "Coal-Fired Power Plants in Italy," Industcards, accessed April 2016
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Monfalcone strategica: A2A dà l'addio al carbone nel 2022 con un riassetto da 400 milioni," Nordest Economia, January 21, 2021
  5. "Progetto di modifica della centrale termoelettrica di Monfalcone (GO) - Documentazione - Valutazioni e Autorizzazioni Ambientali - VAS - VIA - AIA". Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Via libera da Roma alla riconversione della centrale A2A di Monfalcone - TGR Friuli Venezia Giulia". TGR. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  7. "Centrale Di Monfalcone," A2A, accessed January 2022
  8. "La centrale A2A di Monfalcone pronta a ripartire con il carbone, l’allarme di Legambiente," Friulioggi, March 1, 2022
  9. 9.0 9.1 "A2a svela in aula i piani per la centrale di Monfalcone," Il Piccolo, November 21, 2012
  10. "Legambiente boccia la costruzione di una centrale a gas di Monfalcone," Telefriuli, November 23, 2020
  11. "Progetto di modifica della centrale termoelettrica di Monfalcone (GO) - Info - Valutazioni e Autorizzazioni Ambientali - VAS - VIA - AIA". Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "A2A Energiefuture - Centrale termoelettrica di Monfalcone". Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  13. Legambiente. "Centrale a Carbone di Monfalcone". Change Climate Change | Legambiente (in italiano). Retrieved 2021-11-04.

Related articles

External resources