Newton Leroy Gingrich (born June 17, 1943) is a neoconservative politician who is best known as the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. As a co-author of the notorious 1994 Contract With America, Gingrich was in the forefront of the Republican Party's success in the 1994 Congressional elections, and was subsequently elected Speaker. After he returned to private life, Gingrich remained active in neoconservative politics, becoming a fellow at both the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and the Hoover Institution, two of the big guns in the neoconservative think tank world. He is reputed to be a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and to have ties to the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research.
Gingrich also founded the Gingrich Group, which, according to his personal website, is "a communications and consulting firm that specializes in transformational change", and the Center for Health Transformation, a Gingrich Group project launched in 2003.
Gingrich, a "well-paid broker of ideas and influence in the field of health care policy. ... has become probably the most visible spokesman for a set of ideas about health care that is gaining support in the Bush administration and in business," the New York Times said in January 2005.
With the election of George W. Bush, Newt Gingrich was tapped to serve on the Pentagon’s Defense Policy Board, a think tank for the U.S. Department of Defense dominated by neoconservatives and criticized because of the perceived conflicts of interests of its members, many of whom have strong ties to defense contractors that could benefit from sensitive information gleaned at policy board meetings. Gingrich is one of only eight Hoover fellows with seats on the 31-member board.
Ethics violations, charges and fines
In 1989, a U.S. tax court took the unusual step of denying a request for tax-exempt status for a group Gingrich formed, the American Campaign Academy, whose mission was to train political operatives. The IRS ruled that the academy was partisan because it served "the private interests of Republican party entities rather than public interests exclusively."
In January, 1997 Gingrich faced ethics charges related to his use of charitable organizations to subsidize his partisan political activities. It was revealed that Gingrich and his top consultants had repeatedly attempted to use tax-deductible charitable donations to help promote political goals. The same month, the House of Representatives voted 395 to 28 to reprimand Gingrich, then Speaker of the House, and ordered him to pay an unprecedented $300,000 fine for ethical wrongdoing. Gingrich was charged with using a college course that he taught, called "Renewing American Civilization," to further his political agenda. When the House Ethics Committee questioned him about it, Gingrich made false ("glaringly inconsistent") statements regarding the charges. Five Democrats said they voted "present" -- neither for nor against the reprimand -- because they believed the sanction was not severe enough. It was the first time in the House's history that it had ever disciplined a speaker for ethical wrongdoing.  
In December, 1998 Gingrich completed payment of a $300,000 penalty imposed for violations of House rules. Gingrich initially planned to pay the fine with a $300,000 loan from former Senate majority leader Robert J. Dole (R-Kan.). After Democrats and some commentators argued the loan was a "sweetheart deal" and amounted to a gift, Gingrich said he paid "through wholly personal funds." Gingrich admitted he misled the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct and should have sought better legal advice before using tax-exempt organizations to advance his political goals.  
In October, 1998 the ethics committee dropped the three remaining of the 85 ethics charges on Gingrich. The ethics panel decided to take no further action because there was no evidence that "Rule 45" violations were continuing in the speaker's office. 
In December 1999, The IRS cleared the Progress and Freedom Foundation of charges that it violated its tax-exempt status when it helped fund the college course "Renewing American Civilization" taught by Gingrich. 
- Member, Citizens for the Republic
- Distinguished Advisor, Foundation for the Defense of Democracies
- Commissioner, U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century / Hart-Rudman Commission
- Advisory Board Member, Common Good
- Member, Task Force on the United Nations
- Honorary Chairman, NanoBusiness Alliance
- Founder, Center for Health Transformation
- Co-founder, Conservative Opportunity Society
- Founding Board, Project Vote Smart 
"Following Newt's Money"
- "I raised so much money over the years, from so many different people that ... I don't owe anyone."—Newt Gingrich, quoted by MotherJones.
"Far from owing no one, House Speaker Newt Gingrich has built his power base through a series of dubious transactions that look like political paybacks. At the center of Newt's political machine is GOPAC, which has raised and spent more than $8 million since 1991 while skirting the federal election laws governing PACs to avoid naming its donors."
In August 2010, Salon.com released their findings on who is funding Gingrich's primary political committee, a 527 group called American Solutions for Winning the Future. Salon found a significant chunk of the group's funding comes from oil and gas and coal companies, according to the its IRS filings. American Solutions has run national TV ads opposing cap-and-trade bills.
According to Salon, American Solutions has taken in over $20 million as of the 2010 election cycle. Here are some of the group's biggest funders:
- American Electric Power: CEO Michael Morris of the Ohio-based power company gave $100,000 in 2009. Along with electricity, the company operates the nation's largest power transmission network, operating over much of the East Coast and Midwest.
- Arch Coal: Based in St. Louis, Arch boasts it provides 16 percent of America's coal supply from 11 mining complexes around the country, making it the second largest coal producer in the country. It gave Gingrich $100,000.
- Devon Energy: An Oklahoma-based oil and gas production company that gave American Solutions $250,000.
- Plains Exploration and Production: A Houston-based oil and gas company that operates in the Gulf gave $100,000.
- Workforce Fairness Institute: A Washington, D.C.-based anti-union pressure group that gave $150,000 to Gingrich's organization this cycle. Its website says it is "funded by and advocates on behalf of business owners who enjoy good working relationships with their employees, and would like to maintain those good relationships without the unfair interference of government bureaucrats, union organizers and special interests." Mark McKinnon, longtime GOP operative and Bush aide, has been a spokesman for the institute.
- Hubbard Broadcasting: Stanley Hubbard, a billionaire GOP donor from Minnesota, gave Gingrich's group $100,000. He owns radio and TV stations in several states.
War in Iraq
- "Gingrich argues that the Bush administration has been putting far too much emphasis on a military solution and slighting the political element. 'The real key here is not how many enemy do I kill. The real key is how many allies do I grow,' he says. 'And that is a very important metric that they just don't get.' He contends that the civilian-run CPA is fairly isolated and powerless, hunkered down inside its bunker in Baghdad. The military has the money and the daily contact with the locals. But it's using the same tactics in a guerrilla struggle that led to defeat in Vietnam."
- "Gingrich faults the Americans for not quickly establishing some sort of Iraqi government, however imperfect. 'The idea that we are going to have a corruption-free, pristine, League of Women Voters government in Iraq on Tuesday is beyond naivete,' he scoffs. 'It is a self-destructive fantasy'".
War in Iraq as WWIII?
In July 2006, Bill Berkowitz reported for Inter Press Service: "For years, U.S. neoconservatives have been ratcheting up the rhetoric -- mostly in small gatherings and on partisan web sites -- claiming that terrorist activities around the world constituted the initial stages of a new world war. But during the past week or so ... Newt Gingrich, the former speaker of the United States House of Representatives, is using any platform available to him to convince the public that the U.S. is engaged in World War III. ... While Gingrich's media tour definitely thrust him back into the national political spotlight, it may have also given the public a sneak peek into the Republican Party's political/marketing strategy for the November congressional elections: If the war on terrorism doesn't create a fearful enough climate amongst voters, why not ratchet it up by mentioning the spectre of a World War III?" ... John Stauber, co-author of the book, The Best War Ever, told IPS "'You've got to call it something and five years after 9/11 with Osama [bin Laden] still roaming free and Iraq an American quagmire, and the Republican Party in danger of losing control of Congress, this ploy makes marketing sense.'"
- Gingrich Communications
- 1425 K Street, NW
- Suite 350
- Washington, DC 20005
- Phone: 202 587-5710
- URL: www.newtgingrich.org
- URL: www.gingrichgroup.com
- URL: www.americansolutions.com/default.aspx
- URL: www.winningthefuture.net
Articles by Newt Gingrich
- "Iranian Free Speech: Only in America; and Learning From the World That Fails," Human Events Online, September 25, 2007.
- "Why I Decided Not to Run For President," Human Events Online, October 1, 2007.
- Joe Conason and Murray Waas, "Gingrich Money Man Helped Brock Sock Clinton," New York Observer, March 28, 1998.
- Stephen Talbot, "Newt's glass house. Gingrich's reluctance to stone Clinton for adultery -- or Gore for campaign finance violations -- is not motivated by Christian compassion," Salon, August 28, 1998.
- Robert Sheer, "Gingrich: Do as I Say, Not as I Do," Los Angeles Times (RobertSheer.com), August 17, 1999.
- David Corn, "Gingrich vs. Gingrich. Why has the former speaker of the House chosen to let his dirty linen be brought out for all to see?" Salon, November 24, 1999.
- "Commanding Heights," Interview with Newt Gingrich, PBS, Spring 2001.
- Frank J. Gaffney, "Speaking Truth to Power: Newt Gingrich on the State Department," National Review Online, April 23, 2003. Neocon Gaffney, the president of the Center for Security Policy, praises Newt Gingrich.
- Jonathan E. Kaplan. "Did Gingrich get nod for AEI speech?" The Hill, April 30, 2003.
- John Barry and Evan Thomas, "Dissent in the Bunker. Newt Gingrich, a quiet Rumsfeld confidant, thinks the U.S. went ‘off a cliff’ in Iraq," Newsweek/MSNBC, December 15, 2003 (issue).
- Raymond Hernandez, "New odd couple: Hillary Clinton and Newt Gingrich," International Herald Tribune, May 14, 2005.
- Steve Benen, "High Infidelity. What if three admitted adulterers run for president and no one cares?" Washington Monthly, July/August 2006.
- Jim Lobe, "Neo-con favorite declares World War III," Asia Times, September 14, 2006.
- "Gingrich: House GOP would have 'been accused of gay bashing' if it 'overly aggressively reacted' to Foley's emails in 2005," Media Matters for America, October 1, 2006.
- Nina Easton, "Gingrich '08: The stealth candidate. The controversial former House Speaker seems to throw his hat in the ring as a GOP presidential candidate, and promises that health care reform will be the big issue," Fortune/CNN, November 21, 2006.
- John Aravosis, "Gingrich: We must restrict free speech online to stop terrorists from destroying an American city," AMERICAblog, November 28, 2006.
- Bop Cesca, "'Step Away From The Constitution, Mr. Gingrich, And Put Your Hands Where We Can See Them'," The Huffington Post (Free Internet Press), November 28, 2006.
- Josh Gerstein, "Gingrich: Free Speech Should Be Curtailed To Fight Terrorism," New York Sun, November 29, 2006.
- Keith Olbermann, "Olbermann's Special Comment on Gingrich," MSNBC (posted on YouTube), November 30, 2006.
- Joe Conason, "Newt's free-speech ideas fail the laugh test. Gingrich unveils clumsy plan to stop 'jihadist' websites," The New York Observer (WorkingForChange.com), December 22, 2006.
- Bill Berkowitz, "Newt Gingrich's back door to the White House," Media Transparency, March 3, 2007.
- Bill Scher, "Newt on New Orlean's 9th Ward Residents: A 'Failure of Citizenship'," Campaign for America's Future Blog, March 3, 2007.
- "Gingrich: I had affair during Clinton impeachment," The Raw Story, March 8, 2007.
- Bill Schneider, "Gingrich confession: Clearing the way for a 2008 run?" CNN, March 9, 2007.
- "Somebody Buy Newt Gingrich a Dictionary!" LAist, March 9, 2007.
- William M. Leogrande and Jim Lobe, "Wright Redux. The flap over Nancy Pelosi's Syria trip echoes a 20-year-old fight with a previous Democratic House Speaker -- and is being driven by the same right-wing Republican hawks," The American Prospect, April 9, 2007. re Nancy Pelosi, Dick Cheney, and Elliott Abrams
- Matt Corley, "Gingrich Blames Virginia Tech Tragedy On Liberalism," Think Progress, April 22, 2007.
- Jonathan Martin, "Newt flirts with Thompson," The Politico, July 25, 2007.
- "Modern road to White House 'verges on insane,' says Gingrich," CNN, August 8, 2007.
- Joanna Walters, "Gingrich plots revenge on Clintons. Firebrand Republican threatens last-minute White House run to end primary 'chaos' - and stop Hillary," The Observer (UK), September 16, 2007.
- Ellen, "Newt Gingrich Agrees Bush Is A Failed Presidency," News Hounds, September 18, 2007.
- "Gingrich Hints at '08 Run for President. Former House Speaker Says He Wants to Raise $30 Million in October," Good Morning America/ABC News, September 25, 2007.
- Marie Therese, "Newt Gingrich: Bush Should Blow Up Iran's Natural Gas Insfrastructure," News Hounds, September 26, 2007.
- Bill Berkowitz, "Newt Gingrich says if supporters pledge $30 million he'll enter presidential race", Media Transparency, September 29, 2007.
- Michael D. Shear, "Gingrich Decides Against Presidential Bid," Washington Post, September 30, 2007.
- Mary Bruce, "Newt Gingrich Defends White House Pass as Legal Necessity. Former Speaker of the House Criticizes Campaign Finance Laws," ABC News, September 30, 2007.
- Bill Berkowitz, "The ubiquitous Newt Gingrich slogs on: Former House Speaker appeared in an Al Gore-sponsored anti-global warming ad with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, but later backtracked", Media Transparency, May 19, 2008.
- Washington Post compilation of key stories on the House ethics investigation of Speaker Newt Gingrich
- Profile: Newt Gingrich, Right Web.
- Bio: Newt Gingrich, Fox News, September 5, 2003.
- Author biography: Newt Gingrich, The Globalist.
- Newt Gingrich's Skeleton Closet, RealChange.org.
- Newt Gingrich's Opinions at whereIstand.com
- Newt Gingrich, On the Issues.
- Newt Gingrich's statements on global warming, The Heat Is On.
- American Enterprise Institute Scholars: Newt Gingrich, Senior Fellow, American Enterprise Institute, accessed December 14, 2011
- Hoover Institute "Newt Gingrich appointed distinguished visiting fellow," Hoover Institution Newsletter, Stanford University, Summer 1999
- Hoover Institution Bio: Newt Gingrich, Hoover Institution.
- Newt Gingrich Newt.org campaign website
- Steve Lohr, "Health Care's Unlikely Surgeon," New York Times, January 16, 2005
- Center for Public Integrity report link is no longer active
- John E. Yang House Reprimands, Penalizes Speaker, Washington Post, January 22, 1997, Page A1
- Charles R. Babcock and John E. Yang Files in Gingrich Case Detail Misstatements, Washington Post, January 19, 1997, Page A1
- Gingrich Pays Off Ethics Penalty, Washington Post, December 30, 1998
- Bill McAllister Gingrich to Pay Penalty With His Own Money, Washington Post, September 15 1998
- Curt Anderson Ethics Committee Drops Last of 84 Charges Against Gingrich, Washington Post, October 11, 1998
- Associated Press IRS Clears Foundation That Aided Gingrich Course, Washington Post, February 4, 1999
- Biographies: Newt Gingrich, Distinguished Advisor, Foundation for the Defense of Democracies.
- About Advisory Board, NanoBusiness Alliance.
- Project Vote Smart's Founding & Executive Board Member, Project Vote Smart, accessed November 12, 2008.
- "Following Newt's Money," MotherJones, undated.
- Justin Elliott, "Who's funding Newt Gingrich?" Salon, August 10, 2010.
- Philip Weiss, Gingrich got $5 million for saying Palestinians are invented people (lord, why am I so cynical?), MondoWeiss, 8 January 2012.
- John Barry. "Dissent in the Bunker. Newt Gingrich, a quiet Rumsfeld confidant, thinks the U.S. went 'off a cliff' in Iraq," Newsweek/MSNBC, December 15, 2003.
- Bill Berkowitz, "Bringing on "World War III," Inter Press Service, July 20, 2006.