Nigeria-Morocco Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Nigeria-Morocco Gas Pipeline is a proposed natural gas pipeline.[1]

Location

The pipeline would be an extension of the existing West African Gas Pipeline, which runs from Lagos, Nigeria, connecting to Cotonou, Benin; Lomé, Togo; and Tema and Takoradi, Ghana. The Nigeria-Morocco Gas Pipeline would additionally connect to Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire; Monrovia, Liberia; Freetown, Sierra Leone; Conakry, Guinea; Bissau, Guinea-Bissau; Banjul, Gambia; Dakar, Senegal; Nouakchott, Mauritania; Tangiers, Morocco; and Cádiz, Spain.[2]

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Project Details

  • Operator: Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC); Moroccan Office National des Hydrocarbures et des Mines (ONHYM)
  • Parent Company: Governments of Nigeria and Morocco
  • Proposed capacity:
  • Length: 5,660 km[3]
  • Status: Construction[4]
  • Start Year:

Background

The Nigeria-Morocco Gas Pipeline was proposed in a December 2016 agreement between the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and the Moroccan Office National des Hydrocarbures et des Mines (National Board of Hydrocarbons and Mines) (ONHYM). The pipeline would connect Nigerian gas to every coastal country in West Africa (Benin, Togo, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal, and Mauritania), ending at Tangiers, Morocco, and Cádiz, Spain. It would apparently be an extension of the existing West African Gas Pipeline, which already connects Nigeria with Benin, Togo, and Ghana.[5]

In August 2017, NNPC and ONHYM began a feasibility study for the pipeline.[6] The pipeline is estimated to cost US$25 billion, and would be completed in stages over 25 years. Morocco is reportedly pushing Nigeria to pursue this pipeline rather than the Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline, arguing that the latter would have to pass through a region with significant militant activity.[7]

NNPC and ONHYM completed the feasibility study for the construction of the pipeline in January of 2019.[8] In the same month, the two countries contracted with Penspen to conduct the first phase of front-end engineering & design.[9] In August 2019, NNPC and ONHYM presented the pipeline proposal at a special meeting of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS); the Director of Energy and Mining of ECOWAS spoke positively of the project.[3] However, according to analysts at Fitch Solutions Macro Research, NMGP "faces a myriad of challenges and is 'unlikely to materialize in the short or medium-terms.'"[10] By March 2020, according to Africa Intelligence, the front-end engineering & design had entered the second phase.[11]

In June 2021, pipeline construction began.[4]

Articles and resources

References

  1. Nigeria, Morocco sign gas pipeline, fertilizer deals, Premium Times, May 18, 2017
  2. Atlantic Gas Pipeline Project Heads towards Materialization, Middle East Confidential, May 18, 2017
  3. 3.0 3.1 Safaa Kasraoui, Nigeria, Morocco Officially Present Gas Pipeline Project to ECOWAS, Morocco World News, 9 Aug. 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Anita Anyango, Construction of Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline begins, Pumps Africa, June 18, 2021
  5. Andrea Ayemoba, NNPC highlights benefits of Nigeria-Morocco gas pipeline, Africa Business Communities, 8 Aug. 2019.
  6. Despite Rift over ECOWAS, Nigeria, Morocco Taking Steps to Actualise Coastal Gas Pipeline, This Day, Aug. 27, 2017
  7. Nigeria and Morocco sign feasibility studies agreement to advance a pipeline project that will link the two countries, Ecofin Agency, Aug. 28, 2017
  8. Nigeria, Morocco gas pipeline to supply 15 countries, Punch, accessed May 29
  9. Elizabeth Corner, Penspen wins FEED for Nigeria-Morocco pipeline, World Pipelines, 7 Jan. 2019.
  10. "Nigeria-Morocco pipeline to face considerable challenges: Fitch – Kallanish Energy News". Retrieved 2020-09-21.
  11. Garba Farouk Said still captain of NNPC pipeline project with Rabat, Africa Intelligence, 3 Mar. 2020.

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