Novocherkasskaya GRES power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Novocherkasskaya GRES power station (Новочеркасская ГРЭС) is an operating power station of at least 2258-megawatts (MW) in Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast, Russia with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Novocherkasskaya GRES power station Novocherkassk, Rostov Oblast, Russia 47.401, 40.232 (exact)[1]

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit CC1, Unit CC2, Unit 8, Unit 9, Unit 7, Unit 5, Unit 4, Unit 6, Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 1: 47.401, 40.232

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology CHP Start year Retired year
Unit CC1 announced[2][3][4] gas[2] 324[2][3] combined cycle[2][3] no[5] 2028[6]
Unit CC2 announced[2][3][4] gas[2] 165[2][3] combined cycle[2][3] no[5] 2028[6]
Unit 8 retired coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 300 supercritical 1972
Unit 9 operating coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 330 circulating fluidized bed 2016
Unit 7 operating coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 300 supercritical 2009
Unit 5 operating coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 270 supercritical 1969
Unit 4 operating coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 270 supercritical 1968 2027 (planned)
Unit 6 operating coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 290 supercritical 2005
Unit 2 operating coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 264 supercritical 1966
Unit 3 operating coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 270 supercritical 1967 2027 (planned)
Unit 1 operating coal - anthracite, fossil gas - natural gas 264 supercritical 1965

CHP is an abbreviation for Combined Heat and Power. It is a technology that produces electricity and thermal energy at high efficiencies. Coal units track this information in the Captive Use section when known.

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner Parent
Unit CC1 PJSC OGK-2[1][7] PJSC OGK-2 [100.0%]
Unit CC2 PJSC OGK-2[1][7] PJSC OGK-2 [100.0%]
Unit 8 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]
Unit 9 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]
Unit 7 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]
Unit 5 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]
Unit 4 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]
Unit 6 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]
Unit 2 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]
Unit 3 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]
Unit 1 OGK-2 PJSC [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): Sadkinskaya mine, Sherlovskaya-Naklonnaya mine, Obukhovskaya-Zapadnaya mine, Kuznetsk coal


The 2,258-MW Novocherkasskaya GRES coal-fired power plant is owned by OGK-2 (Second Generating Company of the Wholesale Power Market), a subsidiary of Gazprom. The plant was formerly owned by OGK-6, which was also majority-owned by Gazprom; Gazprom merged OGK-6 into OGK-2 in November 2011.

The plant is located near the city of Novocherkassk, and consists of eight coal-fired units. Construction was originally approved in 1952; the first unit went online in 1965, and unit 8 in 1972. The boilers in units 6 and 7 were replaced in 2005 and 2009, respectively.[8] Unit 9 was added in 2016 (see below). Unit 8 of 300MW was stopped for refurbishment in 2011[9] and was not listed as part of the operating capacity as of November 2022.[10][11] It can be assumed that Unit 8 has been retired.

The plant has been converted to run on gas as a supplementary fuel, but as of 2014 the primary fuel was still coal.[10][12] In 2017, Gazprom announced that it planned to completely move away from coal at the Novocherkasskaya GRES power station due to unreliable coal supply and high prices.[13] However as of 2021 it appeared that coal utilization continued: in its 2021 annual report, OGK-2 reported that coal constituted 59% of the plant's fuel balance and gas was 31%.[14] In 2020, the power plant also used heavy fuel oil, and the fuel balance was 15% gas, 31% coal and 54% heavy fuel oil.[14] In 2019, the fuel balance was similar to 2021 with gas share of 31%.[14] It could be assumed that the explosion in 2020 (see below) lead to the necessity to use heavy fuel oil.[15][16]

Electricity generation from the plant was 8,608 million kWh in 2021, 6,838 million kWh in 2020.[14]

Coal-fired expansion Unit 9 (2016)

In 2011, OGK-2 signed a contract for the construction of a 330-MW ninth coal-fired unit at Novocherkasskaya. The construction contractor is SWECO Soyuz Engineering, a subsidiary of SOYUZ Holding. Unit 9 runs circulating fluidized bed technology. Total cost was estimated at $700 million.[8] The boiler was built by U.S. company Foster Wheeler.[17] The unit was successfully tested in December 2015[18] and completed in July 2016.[19]

Planned retirement of coal-fired units

In July 2017, Gazprom reported that it was considering shutting down all units at the plant except for the newly constructed Unit 9, due to problems with coal supply and unprofitability.[20] In November 2018 Gazprom Energoholding announced that it would seek the privileged status of “forced generation” for the plant for 2022-2024 as part of a plan to keep it open despite its unprofitability.[21] The plant was scheduled to operate until 2024.[22] In November 2018 the Economic Affairs Committee of the Rostov Region Legislative Assembly endorsed closing the plant by Jan. 1, 2021.[23] In June 2019 the Russian government extended the plant's "forced generation" status until Dec. 31, 2024.[24]

However, later government decree from February 2022 only mentioned decommissioning of units 3 and 4 by the end of 2027, with a total of 540MW of capacity.[25] In 2021 the plant still operated at a healthy load factor of 40%, generating 8,608 million kWh of electricity using 60% of coal.[14] The updated decree published in February 2023 confirmed the planned retirement of units 3 and 4 only.[26]

New gas-fired units

In May 2021, the company has announced its intention to install two new gas-fired units at the plant by 2027-2029.[27] The initial proposal for these units was approved by the government in July 2021.[28] The proposal was also included in the Russian Ministry of Energy (Minenergo) energy plan for 2022-2028, released in February 2022.[25] The plan lists a steam turbine with 324MW and another steam turbine with 165MW to be commissioned by 2027.[25] It appears that these new units would replace the old coal-fired units 3 and 4 with 540 MW. In September 2022, a company meeting and a site visit were held to discuss the proposed project and its implementation.[29] As of November 2023, there have not been any updates about the project.


In September 2012, a 54-year-old welder at the power station fell from a height of 33 meters. He was taken to a hospital but died on the same day.[30]

In January 2020, there was an explosion at the power station, which led to extremely large clouds of steam mixed with coal dust released into the atmosphere. Equipment was damaged but nobody was injured.[15][16]

A fire broke out at Novocherkasskaya GRES in June 2023 covering an area of 200 square meters. Preliminary reports suggested that the roof of Unit 6 had become the source of the fire. The open flames were successfully extinguished, but three station employees sustained injuries and were subsequently hospitalized.[31]

Project Details, New Gas-fired units

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. 4.0 4.1 {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 (PDF) {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. 7.0 7.1 {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. 8.0 8.1 OGK-2 Annual Report, pp. 8, 13, 90, 100-02, 232.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Новочеркасская ГРЭС, Wikipedia (Russian), accessed June 2018.
  10. 10.0 10.1 System Operator. "Novocherkasskaya GRES". Retrieved November 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. OGK-2. "Новочеркасская ГРЭС". Retrieved November 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. Новочеркасская ГРЭС, Novocherkassk website, accessed Feb. 2014.
  13. GEH wants to abandon coal at Novocherkasskaya GRES,, Apr. 28, 2017
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 "OGK-2 2021 Annual report". Retrieved November 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. 15.0 15.1 Новочеркасскую ГРЭС окутали клубы черного дыма. Рассказываем, что произошло, Jan. 24, 2020
  16. 16.0 16.1 Что на самом деле произошло на Новочеркасской ГРЭС – видео снаружи и изнутри, Youtube, Jan. 23, 2020
  17. Kalle Nuortimo et al, The CFB Technology Benefits in Comparison with Conventional Solid Fuel Generation Technologies for Utility and Cogeneration Applications, Foster Wheeler presentation, Mar. 5-6, 2013, pp. 11-12.
  18. На новом энергоблоке Новочеркасской ГРЭС проведен первый розжиг, OGK-2 press release, 14 Dec. 2015.
  19. На Новочеркасской ГРЭС запущен в работу новый энергоблок, Rostov Gazeta, 1 July 2016.
  20. «Газпром» задумался об отключении Новочеркасской ГРЭС, Don News, 27 July 2017.
  21. Вынужденные доходы Новочеркасской ГРЭС светят долгосрочные льготы, Kommersant, Nov. 29, 2018
  22. Власти Ростовской области почти выпросили для Новочеркасской ГРЭС ещё три года работы, Rostov News Agency, Nov. 16, 2018
  23. Власти Ростовской области почти выпросили для Новочеркасской ГРЭС ещё три года работы,, Nov. 16, 2018
  24. Закрытие Новочеркасской ГРЭС отложили до 2025 года,, Jun. 28, 2019
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.7 "Приказ Министерства энергетики РФ от 28 февраля 2022 г. № 146 "Об утверждении схемы и программы развития Единой энергетической системы России на 2022 - 2028 годы"". Feb 28, 2022. Retrieved Oct 20, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. "Перечень электростанций, действующих и планируемых к сооружению, расширению, модернизации и выводу из эксплуатации (page 77)" (PDF). February 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. "Газпром энергохолдинг планирует вывод неэффективных мощностей в объеме порядка 2 ГВт до 2025 г.". May 14, 2021. Retrieved Oct 20, 2022.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5 28.6 28.7 28.8 28.9 "Новочеркасская ГРЭС. История создания". Retrieved Oct 20, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. 29.0 29.1 "«ОГК-2» построит два новых энергоблока на Новочеркасской ГРЭС". Sep 16, 2022. Retrieved Oct 20, 2022.
  30. At Novocherkasskaya TPP, a welding master fell from a 33-meter height,, Sep. 13, 2012
  31. "Новочеркасская ГРЭС". RIA Novosti. June 14, 2023. Retrieved November 16, 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 "Новочеркасская ГРЭС". Retrieved Oct 20, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Additional data

To access additional data, including interactive maps of the power stations, downloadable datases, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker and the Global Oil and Gas Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.