Novocherkasskaya GRES power station
|This article is part of the Global Energy Monitor coverage of Russia and coal|
Novocherkasskaya GRES power station (Новочеркасская ГРЭС) is a 2,740-megawatt (MW) power plant in Rostov province, Russia. The power station originally operated primarily on coal-fired boilers, but has recently transitioned to mostly using natural gas for fuel.
The undated satellite photo below shows the plant, which is near Donskoi settlement, Oktyabrsky district, Rostov province. The new unit is on the far western end of the plant.
Background on Plant
The Novocherkasskaya GRES coal-fired power plant is owned by OGK-2 (Second Generating Company of the Wholesale Power Market), a subsidiary of the Russian gas giant Gazprom. The plant is located near the city of Novocherkassk, and consists of eight 264-MW coal-fired units. Construction was originally approved in 1952; the first unit went online in 1965, and the final, eighth unit in 1972. The plant has since been converted to run on gas as a supplementary fuel, but the primary fuel was still coal as of 2014.
In 2017, Gazprom announced that it planned to completely move away from coal at the Novocherkasskaya GRES power station due to unreliable coal supply and high prices. By 2020, the power station had almost completely transitioned to natural gas. It purchased no coal in 2020, and only a small amount from one enterprise of the Southern Coal Company. Prior to switching to natural gas, the power station purchased almost 40% of coal produced at the Rostov basin. The withdrawal of the power station's coal demand has put immense economic pressure on the Rostov mining enterprises, which may be forced to close down. In May 2021, warehouses in the region had accumulated 700,000 tons of coal with nowhere to send it.
The plant was formerly owned by OGK-6, which was also majority-owned by Gazprom; Gazprom merged OGK-6 into OGK-2 in November 2011. The boilers in Units 6 and 7 were replaced in 2005 and 2009, respectively.
In July 2017, Gazprom reported that it was considering shutting down all units at the plant except for the newly constructed Unit 9, due to problems with coal supply and unprofitability. In November 2018 Gazprom Energoholding announced that it would seek the privileged status of “forced generation” for the plant for 2022-2024 as part of a plan to keep it open despite its unprofitability. The plant is scheduled to operate until 2024. In November 2018 the Economic Affairs Committee of the Rostov Region Legislative Assembly endorsed closing the plant by Jan. 1, 2021. In June 2019 the Russian government extended the plant's "forced generation" status until Dec. 31, 2024.
Description of Expansion
In 2011, OGK-2 signed a contract for the construction of a 330-MW ninth coal-fired unit at Novocherkasskaya. The construction contractor is SWECO Soyuz Engineering, a subsidiary of SOYUZ Holding. Unit 9 will run on circulating fluidized bed technology. Total construction cost will be about $700 million. The boiler was built by U.S. company Foster Wheeler. Completion was originally scheduled for November 2015. In July 2015, the provincial government said the unit was on track to be completed in late 2015 or early 2016.
In September 2012, a 54-year-old welder at the power station fell from a height of 33 meters. He was taken to a hospital but he died of his wounds on the same day. In January 2020, there was an explosion at the power station, which led to extremely large clouds of steam mixed with coal dust to be released into the atmosphere. Equipment was damaged but nobody was injured.
- Sponsor: OGK-2 (Second Generating Company of the Wholesale Power Market)
- Parent company: Gazprom
- Location: Donskoi settlement, Oktyabrsky district, Rostov province, Russia
- Coordinates: 47.401, 40.232 (exact)
- Status: Operating
- Gross capacity: 2,410 MW (Units 1-8)
- Type: Supercritical
- In service: 1965-72
- Coal type: Anthracite
- Coal source: Sadkinskaya mine, Sherlovskaya-Naklonnaya mine, Obukhovskaya-Zapadnaya mine, Kuznetsk coal
- Source of financing:
Project Details for Unit 9 Expansion
- Sponsor: Gazprom
- Status: Operating
- Gross Capacity: 330 MW
- Type: Circulating fluidized bed
- In service: July 2016
- Coal Type: Anthracite
- Coal Source: Rostov and Kuznetsk coal mining areas, Russia
- Source of financing: Own-financed
Articles and resources
- Novocherkasskaya GRES, OGK-2 website, accessed Feb. 2014.
- Новочеркасская ГРЭС, Novocherkassk website, accessed Feb. 2014.
- Новочеркасская ГРЭС, Wikipedia (Russian), accessed June 2018.
- GEH wants to abandon coal at Novocherkasskaya GRES, Peretok.ru, Apr. 28, 2017
- Новочеркасская ГРЭС остановила закупку угля в Ростовской области, Панорам, May 26, 2021
- OGK-2 Annual Report, pp. 8, 13, 90, 100-02, 232.
- «Газпром» задумался об отключении Новочеркасской ГРЭС, Don News, 27 July 2017.
- Вынужденные доходы Новочеркасской ГРЭС светят долгосрочные льготы, Kommersant, Nov. 29, 2018
- Власти Ростовской области почти выпросили для Новочеркасской ГРЭС ещё три года работы, Rostov News Agency, Nov. 16, 2018
- Власти Ростовской области почти выпросили для Новочеркасской ГРЭС ещё три года работы, donnews.ru, Nov. 16, 2018
- Закрытие Новочеркасской ГРЭС отложили до 2025 года, donnnews.ru, Jun. 28, 2019
- Kalle Nuortimo et al, The CFB Technology Benefits in Comparison with Conventional Solid Fuel Generation Technologies for Utility and Cogeneration Applications, Foster Wheeler presentation, Mar. 5-6, 2013, pp. 11-12.
- На 9-м энергоблоке Новочеркасской ГРЭС завершен монтаж каркаса котла, SOYUZ press release, 20 Jan. 2014.
- Новочеркасская ГРЭС запустит энергоблок №9 в конце 2015 – начале 2016г, РосБизнесКонсалтинг, 1 July 2015.
- На новом энергоблоке Новочеркасской ГРЭС проведен первый розжиг, OGK-2 press release, 14 Dec. 2015.
- На Новочеркасской ГРЭС запущен в работу новый энергоблок, Rostov Gazeta, 1 July 2016.
- At Novocherkasskaya TPP, a welding master fell from a 33-meter height, Shahty.ru, Sep. 13, 2012
- Новочеркасскую ГРЭС окутали клубы черного дыма. Рассказываем, что произошло, Jan. 24, 2020
- Что на самом деле произошло на Новочеркасской ГРЭС – видео снаружи и изнутри, Youtube, Jan. 23, 2020