Obiafu-Obrikom-Oben Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Obiafu-Obrikom-Oben Gas Pipeline, also called the OB3 Pipeline or the East-West Pipeline, is a construction phase natural gas pipeline, running from the Obiafu-Obrikom gas plant to the Oben node in Nigeria.


The pipeline runs from the Obiafu-Obrikom gas plant near Omuku, Rivers State, to Oben, Edo State, Nigeria.[1]

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Project details

  • Operator: Nigeria Gas[2]
  • Owner: Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
  • Parent company: Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
  • Capacity: 2000 million cubic feet per day[3]
  • Length: 127 kilometers[4]
  • Diameter: 48 inches[2]
  • Cost: US$700 million[5]
  • Status: Construction
  • Start year: Originally 2021, delayed


The 48-inch, 127-kilometer, Obiafu-Obrikom-Oben (OB3) Gas Pipeline is being built by Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.[6] It was mentioned in December 2016 as being 80% completed,[7] but in December 2017 an NNPC executive said it would be finished by Q4 2018.[8]

In August 2018 it was reported that rain and flooding had delayed construction of the pipeline, and that the new expected date of completion was Q1 or Q2 of 2019.[9] In May of 2019, the Chairman/Chief Executive Officer of Oilserv Group, Emeka Okwuosa, said that the company will complete its part of the Obiafu-Obrikom-Oben (OB3) gas pipeline by September of 2019.[10]

In March 2020, the Nigerian Gas Transmission Company stated that completion had been pushed back further, to Q1 2021, due to a variety of problems. The original construction contractor, the Nigerian firm Nestoil, had been technically incapable of building the portion of the pipeline running under the Niger River, trying and failing five times in 2018–19. Thus, NGTC switched contractors, choosing the Chinese firm China Petroleum Pipeline Engineering Corporation (a subsidiary of China National Petroleum Corporation), to finish the job. However, because of COVID, CPPEC had been unable to move the necessary construction materials from Lagos port.[11][12]

As of October 2020, construction completion was reported as imminent.[13] The pipeline will be operated by Nigerian Gas and construction was reportedly further delayed to 2021, citing difficulty building the pipeline under a riverbed and subsequent impacts of COVID-19.[4]

In July 2022, construction was still incomplete, but the President of the Dangote Group, Aliko Dangote, emphasized the value of completing the OB3 pipeline in order to make gas available to petrochemical manufacturers, to ultimately increase petrochemicals available for domestic consumption and export.[14]

Articles and resources


  1. Obiafu/Obrikom-Oben Node (OB3) Gas Pipeline Project, Sunlion Group, accessed Sep. 9, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Obiafu–Obrikom–Oben, Nigeria". October 2021. Retrieved August 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. NNPC set to commence construction on $2.8bn AKK gas pipeline project, NS Energy, Jun. 30, 2020, accessed Sep. 9, 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Completion date of OB3 Gas Pipeline Project in Nigeria pushed to 2021, Construction Review, accessed Sep. 9, 2021.
  5. Nigeria's $700m gas pipeline remains in limbo, Business Day (Nigeria), Oct. 28, 2019.
  6. OB3 pipeline to boost gas supply by 2bscf/d next year, The Nation, 12 May 2016.
  7. OB3 Is 80% Completed, Africa Oil & Gas Report, 14 Dec. 2016.
  8. New Nigeria pipelines to be funded by transport tariff, World Pipelines, 4 Dec. 2017.
  9. Nigeria’s OB3 pipeline delayed to 2019, TO&GY, Aug. 29, 2018
  10. ‘Oilserv to complete 2bscf/d OB3 pipeline by September’, The Nation, May 16, 2019
  11. OB-OB: First Gas Flow Pushed to 1st Quarter 2021, Africa Oil & Gas Report, 19 Mar. 2020.
  12. Completion date of OB3 gas pipeline project in Nigeria pushed to 2021, Construction Review Online, 1 Apr. 2020.
  13. Kingsley Jeremiah, Abuja, NNPC, stakeholders target gas revolution in South East, The Guardian Nigeria, Oct. 19, 2020, accessed Sep. 9, 2021.
  14. Benson Akomo. "Dangote seeks completion of OB3 Pipeline to make gas available to manufacturers". Retrieved 2022-11-18.