Oleoducto Nor Peruano Oil Pipeline (Peru)

From Global Energy Monitor
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Oleoducto Nor Peruano Oil Pipeline (Peru) (Northern Peruvian Pipeline) is an oil pipeline in Latin America.[1]

Location

The pipeline runs originates in Andoas, Loreto, and terminates at the Bayóvar terminal on the Pacific Coast.

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Project Details

  • Operator: Petroperú[1]
  • Current capacity: 200,000 barrels per day
  • Length: 1106 km[2]
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 1978

Background

The Oleoducto Nor Peruano is Peru's longest pipeline.[2] It transported 150,000 barrels per day at its peak, but had only been transporting 15,000 barrels per day before a 2016 spill led to the pipeline being shut down for more than a year.[3]

Environmental and social impacts

The pipeline has a substantial history of spills, with at least 23 documented spills and leaks occurring between 2011 and 2017[4] and at least 20 spills between 2016 and 2019.[5]

In August 2016, Peru's government ordered the closure of the pipeline following the pipeline's third spill in a period of five months.[4] It reopened in September 2017.[3] The three 2016 spills were:

  • On 25 January 2016, a spill occurred in the Bagua province of the Amazonas eight miles from a creek that feeds the Morona River, a significant tributary of the Amazon River.[6]
  • On 3 February 2016, a second spill occurred in the Datem del Marañon province in the neighboring Loreto state.[6] Along with the January spill, approximately 3,000 barrels were estimated to have been released.[4]
  • On 24 June 2016, a third spill of 600 barrels occurred in the Maynas Province of Loreto state.[4] Petro peru was fined $3.5 million and Petroperu president German Velasquez was fired.[4]

The spills have been contentious for a number of reasons, including their impacts on local villages that rely on the river for drinking water and other essential uses. Petroperú was also criticized following the January and February 2016 spills following the release of photographs depicting children working to clean up the spills, with Petroperu paying $2 per bucket of oil collected.[6]

In February 2019, members of four indigenous Quechua communities near the pipeline (Andoas, Nuevo Andoas, Porvenir and Jardines) took over the Andoas airfield to protest Petroperú and Frontera Energy's failure to supply electricity and water to local residents as promised.[7]

Frustration with Petroperú and its pollution of local rivers provoked further protests and strikes following a June 18, 2019 oil spill that contaminated drinking water for more than 1000 families. Over the following month, 54 Amazonian indigenous federations joined the protests, eventually taking over one of Petroperú's local headquarters by force on July 6. Indigenous leaders agreed to suspend their protests in mid-July after representatives of the Peruvian government, including Minister of Energy and Mines Francisco Ísmodes, met with them and promised to investigate the ongoing oil spills.[8]

In July 2019, the Peruvian environmental agency OEFA (Organismo de Evaluación y Fiscalización Ambiental) fined Petroperú US$25 million for failure to maintain the pipeline and for damages caused to indigenous communities, flora and fauna in the pipeline's path.[5]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Oleoducto Nor Peruano Oil Pipeline (Peru), A Barrel Full, accessed September 2017
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Oleoducto Norperuano". Wikipedia. Retrieved 2020-07-01.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Petroperu resumes full operation at main crude line, Kallanish Energy, 28 Sep. 2017
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 [Peru pipeline closed for six more months following third oil spill,] Peru Reports, 1 Aug. 2016
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Derrames del oleoducto de Petroperú en la Amazonia, Perú | EJAtlas". Environmental Justice Atlas. October 14, 2019.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Oil spills contaminate major river in Peru’s Amazon, Peru Reports, 13 Feb. 2016
  7. "Loreto: comunidades nativas tomaron aeródromo de Andoas para reclamar agua y energía". SPDA Actualidad Ambiental. February 8, 2019.
  8. "Oleoducto Norperuano: Indígenas levantan protestas en zona declarada en emergencia por derrame de petróleo". Gestión. July 19, 2019.

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External resources

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