PT Halmahera Persada Lygend Nickel Smelter power station

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PT Halmahera Persada Lygend Nickel Smelter power station is an operating power station of at least 360-megawatts (MW) in Kawasi, Obi, South Halmahera, Maluku, Indonesia with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating. It is also known as 宁波力勤印尼镍铁项目自备电厂.

Location

Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
PT Halmahera Persada Lygend Nickel Smelter power station Kawasi, Obi, South Halmahera, Maluku, Indonesia -1.5614331, 127.4210337 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Phase II Unit 1, Phase II Unit 2, Phase II Unit 3, Phase II Unit 4, Phase III Unit 5, Phase III Unit 6, Phase III Unit 7, Phase III Unit 8: -1.5614331, 127.4210337
  • Phase I Unit 1, Phase I Unit 2, Phase I Unit 3: -1.53615, 127.416015

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year
Phase I Unit 1 operating coal: unknown 30 unknown 2020
Phase I Unit 2 operating coal: unknown 30 unknown 2021
Phase I Unit 3 construction coal: unknown 60 unknown
Phase II Unit 1 construction coal: unknown 150 unknown
Phase II Unit 2 operating coal: unknown 150 unknown 2022
Phase II Unit 3 operating coal: unknown 150 unknown 2023
Phase II Unit 4 construction coal: unknown 150 unknown
Phase III Unit 5 construction[1] coal: unknown 380[1] unknown
Phase III Unit 6 construction[1] coal: unknown 380[1] unknown
Phase III Unit 7 construction[1] coal: unknown 380[1] unknown
Phase III Unit 8 pre-permit coal: unknown 380 unknown

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner Parent
Phase I Unit 1 PT Halmahera Persada Lygend [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase I Unit 2 PT Halmahera Persada Lygend [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase I Unit 3 PT Halmahera Persada Lygend [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase II Unit 1 PT Halmahera Persada Lygend [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase II Unit 2 PT Halmahera Persada Lygend [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase II Unit 3 PT Halmahera Persada Lygend [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase II Unit 4 PT Halmahera Persada Lygend [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase III Unit 5 PT Obi Nickel Cobalt [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase III Unit 6 PT Obi Nickel Cobalt [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase III Unit 7 PT Obi Nickel Cobalt [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]
Phase III Unit 8 PT Obi Nickel Cobalt [100%] Harita Group [63.1%]; Ningbo Lygend [36.9%]

Project-level captive use details

  • Captive industry use (heat or power): power
  • Captive industry: Nickel, Other Metals & Mining


Project Background

PT Halmahera Persada Lygend, also known as PT HPAL or PT HPL, is a joint venture between Indonesia's Harita Group and Chinese mining company Ningbo Lygend. The company received an environmental permit to construct a nickel smelting facility on Obi Island in January 2019.

A 4 x 150 MW power station was proposed to provide electricity for the nickel smelting process.[2]

In April 2021, construction of a 60 MW unit appeared to begin at the same site.[3]

By May 2021, the first two 30-MW coal-fired units for the smelter were commissioned.[4]

The nickel smelter began operating in June 2021, and the total investment was estimated to have exceeded US$1 billion.[5]

Phase II Development

As of March 2020, construction has begun on the 4 x 150 MW units in Phase II.[6]

In September 2022, Phase II Unit 2 was connected to the grid.[7] In February 2023, Phase II Unit 3 entered operation.[8]

4.2 GW of potential coal capacity

In December 2021, the Lygend website detailed the following about the overall nickel project:[9]

"(...) 中国恩菲与力勤资源双方进一步加强合作,先后签订了湿法二期、硫酸镍、RKEF火法冶炼、湿法三期等一系列工程技术服务和核心设备采购合同。OBI红土镍矿项目全部投产后,将形成6条高压酸浸生产线、20条RKEF生产线、50万吨电池级硫酸镍和7万吨硫酸钴精炼厂、300万吨不锈钢厂及配套4200MW燃煤电厂、420万吨酸厂、码头、宜居小镇的大型综合智能制造产业园,将实现1500万吨低品位镍矿、2600万吨高品位镍矿的年处理量,镍金属产量将超过40万吨/年。"
(Google Translate: (...) China ENFI and Liqin Resources have further strengthened their cooperation and signed a series of engineering and technical services and core equipment procurement contracts such as the second phase of wet process, nickel sulfate, RKEF pyrometallurgy, and the third phase of wet process. After the OBI laterite nickel ore project is fully put into operation, it will form 6 high-pressure acid leaching production lines, 20 RKEF production lines, 500,000 tons of battery-grade nickel sulfate and 70,000 tons of cobalt sulfate refinery, 3 million tons of stainless steel plant and supporting 4200MW coal-fired power plant, 4.2 million tons of acid plant, wharf, and a large-scale comprehensive intelligent manufacturing industrial park in a livable town, which will achieve an annual processing capacity of 15 million tons of low-grade nickel ore and 26 million tons of high-grade nickel ore, and the output of nickel metal will exceed 400,000 tons. tons/year.)

Phase III Development

On January 29, 2022, Energy China Tianjin Power Construction (中国能建天津电建 - Zhōngguó néng jiàn tiānjīn diàn jiàn) won the bid for the first section of a 4 × 380 MW project. The project was described as jointly invested by Ningbo Liqin Resources Technology (宁波力勤资源科技 - Níngbō lì qín zīyuán kējì) and Indonesia Khalida Group (印尼哈利达集团 - Yìnní hā lì dá jítuán).[10]

As of November 2022, Phase III would reportedly be operated by PT Obi Nickel Cobalt.[11]

In April 2023, reporting suggested that some preliminary work may have begun.[12] Planet imagery showed that work on the ground was ongoing.

Lygend's 2022 annual report stated that "Obi projects" were expected to complete construction and begin operating by July 2024. The "remaining three nickel-cobalt compounds production lines under phase III" were slated to begin operating in the fourth quarter of 2023.[13]

In October 2023, Planet imagery showed that development at the Phase III site was ongoing.

In January 2024, 企业责任资源中心 (Corporate Responsibility Resource Center) reached out to project developers to comment on the coal plant's announcement and progress after China's 2021 commitment to stop building coal plants overseas, but they did not respond.[14]

In March 2024, the third phase high pressure acid leaching (HPAL) nickel processing project began production.[15]

In April 2024, a Harita Group presentation stated that the Phase III power station was 32.5% complete, with a capacity of 3 x 380 MW.[16] The status of a fourth unit was unknown.

Financing

Phase 1 and 2: In April 2021, DBS announced that it is jointly leading a consortium of nine banks to provide US$625 million in financing for the PT Halmahera Persada Lygend nickel smelter. However it is unclear what percentage went to the power plant. The consortium includes BNP Paribas, Bank Mandiri, Bank Central Asia (BCA), Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI), Maybank, Overseas Chinese Banking Corp (OCBC), OCBC NISP, and United Overseas Bank.[17]

In September 2022, Lygend Resources signed a new strategic cooperation agreement with the Ningbo Agricultural Bank of China.[18] In November 2022, Lygend Resources held a syndicated loan meeting for the ONC project (ie the 'Obi Nickel Cobalt' Indonesian project) with representatives of Ningbo Agricultural Bank of China and nine banks interested in participating in the project. Banks participating in this meeting include Bank of China, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, China CITIC Bank, Shanghai Pudong Development Bank, Industrial Bank, China Merchants Bank, China Guangfa Bank, China Everbright Bank, Bank of Beijing.[19]

Articles and Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20240606033958/https://tbpnickel.com/files/pdf_assets/1Q24%2520Analyst%2520Investor%2520Briefing.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 06 June 2024. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |archive-date= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. OBI RKEF Nickel Smelting Project, Zawya, Mar. 20, 2020
  3. OBI电厂纪实-新的开始 新的起点 新的征程, Apr. 6, 2021
  4. 印尼奥比岛一期镍钴湿法冶炼项目正式投产, Power China, May 24, 2021
  5. Ini Smelter Nikel Rp14 T Diresmikan Luhut, Bisa untuk Baterai, CNBC Indonesia, June 24, 2021
  6. 上海宝冶中标印尼OBI岛镍铁项目一标段工程, ydyl.china.com.cn, Mar. 26, 2020
  7. OBI镍铁项目配套电厂2号机组首次并网成功, PowerChina, Sept. 20, 2022
  8. ​哈电汽轮机力勤印尼项目汽轮机组并网成功, hrbtv.net, Feb. 3, 2023
  9. 高压酸浸技术:让低品位红土镍矿大规模开发, Lygend, Dec. 28, 2021
  10. 中国能建海外市场连签两单, Finance Sina, Feb. 14, 2022
  11. Perusahaan China Galang Dana Rp 9,2 T Untuk Smelter Nikel RI, CNBC Indonesia, Nov. 24, 2022
  12. 胡二甫到印度尼西亚开展调研和商务活动, CNCEC, April 10, 2023
  13. 2022 Annual Report, Lygend Resources, April 2023
  14. 报告发现尽管中国承诺停止新建海外煤电项目,中国支持的煤电厂的运营产能却有所增加;企业未回应, 企业责任资源中心, January 29, 2024
  15. 力勤资源湿法三期ONC项目选矿系统顺利投料, Ningbo Liqin Resources Technology, March 25, 2024
  16. Company Presentation 1Q24, Harita Nickel, April 15, 2024
  17. Indonesian nickel smelter secures US$625 million financing, The Asset, Apr. 21, 2021
  18. 力勤资源与农业银行宁波市分行签署全面战略合作协议, Lygend Resources, Oct. 10, 2022
  19. 印尼ONC项目银团贷款会议圆满召开!, Lygend Resources, Nov. 18, 2022

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.